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Doctor insights on: How Does Pars Defect Is During Pregnancy

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Pars Defect (Definition)

Spondylolysis is a defect of a vertebra. More specifically it is defined as a defect in the pars interarticularis of the vertebral arch. The great majority of cases occur in the lowest of the lumbar vertebrae (l5), but spondylolysis may also occur in the other lumbar vertebrae, as well as in the thoracic vertebrae. Spondylolysis occurs in three to six ...Read more


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Why are hare lips such a common birth defect, is it something that the mom eats during pregnancy?

Why are hare lips such a common birth defect, is it something that the mom eats during pregnancy?

No known food causes: Cleft lip occurs when left, right, and upper parts of the lip do not fuse properly in an embryo. No foods are known to cause it. Maternal smoking and alcohol/drug abuse increase the chances of a cleft. Cleft lip runs in some families, but can also happen in a variety of genetic mutations. It occurs least in africans (<1 in 1000 births) and most in oriental asians and native americans (3-4/1000). ...Read more

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Hi Dr, I wanted to know what is the likelihood of birth defects for using Lomexin T 1000 g during 17 weeks of pregnancy, My Gyn prescribed this?

Hi Dr, I wanted to know what is the likelihood of birth defects for using Lomexin T 1000 g during 17 weeks of pregnancy, My Gyn prescribed this?

Topical anti-: Fungal medications called " azoles", like fenticonazole, have very little
to no absorption.
That makes the risk of toxicity vety low. Animal studies using high chronic doses during the period of organ formation in the 1st trimester showed abnormal development of cartlilage. No studies can be done in pregnant humans. ...Read more

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What are all the benefits of eating folic acid before pregnancy? And what are all the birth defects can be avoided during pregnancy? Pls hlp dr

What are all the benefits of eating folic acid before pregnancy? And what are all the birth defects can be avoided during pregnancy? Pls hlp dr

Prevent birth defect: Eating Folic Acid or folate (folic acid) before/during early pregnancy dramatically prevents a group of serious birth defects called neural tube defects. It's most important in the first weeks of pregnancy ; since one often doesn't know they're pregnant until they miss their period, when they're already 2 weeks pregnant, it's crucial to have adequate folate (folic acid) before you know you're pregnant. Biotin helps too. ...Read more

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During ultrasound in pregnancy, doctor was unable to see baby's sex and feet were always crossed. At delivery, baby have club feet and other defects?

During ultrasound in pregnancy, doctor was unable to see baby's sex and feet were always crossed. At delivery, baby have club feet and other defects?

Crossed feet: Your description sounds normal and the fact that the baby had crossed feet does not indicate any suspected defect. If you are concerned, you should discuss this with your doctor and consider a repeat ultrasound. ...Read more

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Hi. I want much new information about sertraline during pregnancy. Most doctors say its safe during Prg and its not increased birth defects not atusim?

Hi. I want much new information about sertraline during pregnancy. Most doctors say its safe during Prg and its not increased birth defects not atusim?

No real change: Available data places this mad in category C risk for pregnancy. In summary, there are no adequate studies in humans that presence or absence of a fetal effect to the point it can be listed in a safer category. Genetic changes from the egg/sperm present at conception are increasingly found in autistic pts, so pregnancy exposure is less a factor. The final issue is having a mom healthy at delivery ...Read more

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Did extreme emotional stress during pregnancy cause birth defects or autism in the baby?

Did extreme emotional stress during pregnancy cause birth defects or autism in the baby?

Stress: Streas has not truly been shown to be associated with any pregnancy issues. How stress affects the pregnant mothers sleep & eating patterns might effect fetal growth, but otherwise should not contribute to birth defects or autism. ...Read more

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Is it ok to use shea butter during pregnancy? I know it says it is high in a and I thought vitamin a is bad in pregnancy due to birth defects

Is it ok to use shea butter during pregnancy? I know it says it is high in a and I thought vitamin a is bad in pregnancy due to birth defects

It's okay: It is a fat extracted from the nut of the african shea tree. It is a triglyceride (fat) derived mainly from stearic acid and oleic acid. It is widely used in cosmetics as a moisturizer, salve or lotion. Shea butter is edible and is used in food. Most shea butter is used in cosmetics for moisturizing skin. ...Read more

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Is it ok to take topamax (topiramate) before having children? To prevent migraines? Studies show birth defects while taking it during pregnancy which I wouldn't do

Is it ok to take topamax (topiramate) before having children? To prevent migraines? Studies show birth defects while taking it during pregnancy which I wouldn't do

FDA News Release: FDA: Risk of oral birth defects in children born to mothers taking topiramate. "New data suggest that the drug Topamax (topiramate) and its generic versions increase the risk for the birth defects cleft lip and cleft palate in babies born to women who use the medication during pregnancy, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said today." See your OB/GYN for more information. ...Read more

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Do Topical retinoids (Antiaging creams mostly retinoids) cause birth defects during pregnancy? Asking about topical not systemic?

Do Topical retinoids (Antiaging creams mostly retinoids) cause birth defects during pregnancy? Asking about topical not systemic?

No: External creams and lotions do not penetrate the skin deep enough to enter the blood. For any medication to affect the fetus, it must enter the blood that can go to the fetus. ...Read more

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Will folic acid prevent Lamotrigine causing birth defects during pregnancy?

Will folic acid prevent Lamotrigine causing birth defects during pregnancy?

Lamictal is FDA: Pregnancy Category C. It would not be safe to assume that use of Folic Acid would be protective for potential side effects related to lamictal. ...Read more

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Can folic acid prevent Lamotrigine causing all birth defects during pregnancy?

Can folic acid prevent Lamotrigine causing all birth defects during pregnancy?

Any drug causing: birth defects is separate from taking a supplement to support neurological development in pregnancy. Most supplements don't and aren't designed to prevent against birth defects. If you are concerned about this, discuss it with your OB/GYN doctor, and get a full evaluation of what you're taking, and what your concerns are. So, you can have piece of mind. Taking too much folic acid is not wise too. ...Read more

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Is it ok to eat spinach and kale during pregnancy? All the packages say 110% vitamin a. I read vitamin a causes birth defects.

Is it ok to eat spinach and kale during pregnancy? All the packages say 110% vitamin a. I read vitamin a causes birth defects.

Completely safe!: You're correct that taking (or eating) more than 10, 000 units of vit a in the first 7 weeks of pregnancy increases risk of birth defects. However, spinach ; kale contain no vitamin a: they have beta carotene, which your body can convert into vit. A as needed, but there's no evidence that any amount of beta carotene is harmful in pregnancy. Please choose organic spinach; regular is high in pesticides. ...Read more

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How harmful is it to consume licorice during the first trimester of pregnancy? Has it ever leads to neural tube defects? Thank you.

How harmful is it to consume licorice during the first trimester of pregnancy? Has it ever leads to neural tube defects? Thank you.

Safe: I'm not aware of any reason to believe that licorice causes neural tube defects. Anyone can allege anything. Eating a lot of black licorice can raise blood pressure, and hopefully you're being monitored. Congratulations on your pregnancy. ...Read more

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Is it safe to take oil of oregano a few days before trying to conceive? Can it cause birth defects? I recently read not to take it during pregnancy.

Why are u taking oil: Of oregano? I mean if you read it's not safe in pregnancy and u are trying to conceive then stop. I don't know if it's a problem or not but seems easy enough to get off your mind. If it provides some life saving mineral or enzyme then u can't stop but otherwise. .. Just get on a pre-natal vitamin. Good luck. ...Read more

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4d imaging &echo during week 32 of pregnancy showed normal heart function;can a 4 month baby still have chance to be diagnosed w atrial septal defect?

4d imaging &echo during week 32 of pregnancy showed normal heart function;can a 4 month baby still have chance to be diagnosed w atrial septal defect?

Yes: An atrial septal defect (ASD) is almost never diagnosed prenatally, since an atrial opening (pfo) is normal at that time. Most of the time I diagnose an ASD it is after the baby has gone home from the hospital. A murmur is often not heard initially, developing only later. Fortunately early diagnosis is not critical, since intervention is usually not needed for several years. ...Read more

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Is airborne safe during pregnancy?

Is airborne safe during pregnancy?

Wouldn't do it.: Airborne is a cocktail of vitamins and minerals which is supposed to boost the immune system when a common cold is suspected. It contains vitamin a, which in excess may cause birth defects. Also, there is no evidence that airborne is effective at all and you should not waste your money. ...Read more

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Is a drysuit safe during pregnancy?

Is a drysuit safe during pregnancy?

The issue with a: Dry suit is what you are doing in it. If you are snorkeling or swimming that is fine. If you are diving in a dry suit, that is not healthy during pregnancy. ...Read more

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Can we eat brinjal during pregnancy?

Can we eat brinjal during pregnancy?

Sure: There is no reason you can't eat eggplant during pregnancy ...Read more

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Can I take pedilax during pregnancy?

Can I take pedilax during pregnancy?

For constipation?: If you are asking about suppositories, the answer is yes. If you are speaking of oral, I would recommend something else, like MiraLAX (polyethylene glycol) to help with constipation. It's not absorbed by the body and is gentler than many anti-contstipation medications. Make sure to drink a lot of water if you are having problems with constipation. Drink until your pee is clear/white, no yellow. ...Read more

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What is best to eat during pregnancy?

What is best to eat during pregnancy?

Healthy stuff!: A healthy, well-balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables and the proper amount of grains and protein is best for pregnancy. Best wishes! ...Read more

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What tests are done during pregnancy?

What tests are done during pregnancy?

Blood and urine: 1. CBC (complete blood count).
2. Blood type and screen.
3. Variety of STD screens, including HIV.
4. Urine culture.
5. Pap smear (age 21 and over).
The above list is not exhaustive. ...Read more

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Can you take keprra during pregnancy?

Can you take keprra during pregnancy?

There is risk: Patients using Levetiracetam (Keppra) should be aware that there appears to be a small chance of malformations with using the medication while pregnant, but that the data are limited. ...Read more

Dr. William Singer
4 Doctors shared insights

Pregnancy (Definition)

When your due date arrives, you will be more than ready to have your baby! Most women deliver the baby somewhere between 37 and 42 weeks. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, only 5% of babies arrive on the exact due date. Approximately 7% of babies are not delivered by 42 weeks, and when that happens, it is referred to ...Read more