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Doctor insights on: How Does Malaria Infect The Body

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How does malaria infect the body?

How does malaria infect the body?

Mosquito bites: A mosquito bites an infected person. The organism evolves in the mosquito. It then bites another person and the parasites get into their blood stream where they spread to the liver, evolve further and reproduce to be released into the blood intermittantly causing disease. This new person can now be bitten by another mosquito to continue the cycle. ...Read more

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Dr. Heidi Fowler
358 doctors shared insights

Malaria (Definition)

A life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. These parasites infect red blood cells, causing high fever, shaking chills, sweats, vomiting, muscle pain, headache, anemia. First symptoms occur 10 days to four weeks post infection, symptoms occur in cycles of ...Read more


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How does malaria affect the body?

How does malaria affect the body?

Malaria Symptoms: may include headache, fever, shivering, sweating, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dry cough, muscle/joint/back pain & enlarged spleen. There is a cyclic pattern of being very cold & shivering followed by feeling very hot and sweating. Additionally one can develop jaundice, blood in urine, anemia, eye problems (nystagmus, problems with eye movements), seizures & coma. ...Read more

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How does the body fight giardiasis?

How does the body fight giardiasis?

Please see below: Children and adults who have giardia infection without symptoms usually don't need treatment unless they're likely to spread the parasites. Many people who do have problems often get better on their own in a few weeks. If you have to treat:metronidazole (flagyl). Tinidazole (tindamax). Nitazoxanide (alinia). ...Read more

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How does the measles virus enter the fetus ?

How does the measles virus enter the fetus ?

Via the placenta: The only potential entry point for measles virus to a fetus is the shared blood supply with the mother (placenta/umbilical cord). Other potential invaders are kept out by the membranes that surround the fetus and the womb. For this reason, only a mother who becomes infected with measles during pregnancy can have a baby affected by the measles virus. If mom is immune, the fetus cannot get it. ...Read more

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How long does the hepatitis a virus survive outside the body?

How long does the hepatitis a virus survive outside the body?

Only few minutes: It depends on the temperature and the conditions. Most of the time it needs body fluids or very direct contact ( air born). ...Read more

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Before the rabies virus passes the blood-brain barrier, how come the body does not destroy it?

Before the rabies virus passes the blood-brain barrier, how come the body does not destroy it?

Only if immune: This will only happen if you have previously been immunized and have antibodies to the virus. ...Read more

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How does the body handles an infection?

How does the body handles an infection?

Body Defense : The body's defenses against infections: skin prevents organisms from entering from outside in, mucous protects sites ; washes away bacteria, antibodies attach to bacteria alerting immune cells to attack, cell mediated immunity (cells programmed to attack) seek ; destroy invaders, stomach acid kills microbes, gut bacteria block entry of invaders ; make microbicidal compounds; organic acids in urine. ...Read more

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How does ebola affect the respiratory system? How does the disease kill you?

How does ebola affect the respiratory system? How does the disease kill you?

Ebola Virus: A person with Ebola infection may develop cough, chest pain, hemoptysis (coughing up blood), respiratory distress as well as Interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary edema with attempts to hydrate. Shock with capillary leakage, seizures, coma & respiratory distress herald death. ...Read more

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How does the oropouche virus affect humans?

How does the oropouche virus affect humans?

Oropouche virus: The Oropouche virus (OROV) is one of the most common orthobunyaviruses. When OROV infects humans, it causes a rapid fever illness called Oropouche fever. Much more detail at Wikipedia ...Read more

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How does the rhinovirus spread?

How does the rhinovirus spread?

Droplets or contact: It can spread through direct contact, or droplets spread via cough/sneezing etc. Cover your cough/sneeze and use hand sanitizer to reduce transmission. ...Read more

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Normally, how long would the aids virus survive out side the body?

Normally, how long would the aids virus survive out side the body?

Few hours when dry: Cdc has conducted many studies on HIV concentrations outside the body, when these are dried, the virus is reduced by 90to99% over several hours, these concentrations were much higher than they will be outside lab, making theoretical envorenmental transmission outside the body to zero. ...Read more

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How does the virus attack and spread?

How does the virus attack and spread?

Viral infection: Viruses cannot live independently. They invade our cells and alter the metabolism of the cells such that the virus can replicate itself using the cell's resources and energy and often resulting in cell death, with release of virus particles that go on to infect other cells. ...Read more

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How does the body fight off neisseria?

How does the body fight off neisseria?

Right antibiotic: Neisseria gonorrheae causes std gonorrhea; preferred drug is cephtriaxone unless pt is allergic to cephalosporins; alternate tx then would be spectinomycin. Neisseria meningitidis causes infection of the membranes covering the brain (meninges). Drug of choice is still penicillin g, unless allergic, in which case cephalosporin like cephotaxime or a fluoroquinolone like Ciprofloxacin will be used. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how the body defends itself against malaria?

Body fights malaria: Certainly our immune systems are very advanced -& will do everything to 'fight' against a serious infection like malaria. The immune system actually has many 'layers' to it and in an malarial infection many of those are activated. Fever is one-turning up the heat makes it harder for the parasites. Then there is the complement system, cellular immunity: B-cells & T-cells, plus immune organs -spleen ...Read more

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How does cat scratch fever affect the body?

How does cat scratch fever affect the body?

Many ways: This is caused by a small bacteria which produces a small skin lesion at the site of the scratch in 1/2-3/4 of patients. Lymph nodes enlarge in the area closer to the body within about 10-14 days. At first these may be firm and tender, but then may break down and drain persistently. In some patients, particularly with impaired immune function it can affect the eye, liver, nervous system, etc. ...Read more

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How detrimental to the body is the herpes virus?

How detrimental to the body is the herpes virus?

In general: In an immunocompetent host (a person with a healthy immune system), a herpes simplex infection is not accepted as a disease process that causes significant mortality (deaths) or morbidity (health related hardships). ...Read more

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The nematode wuchereria lives in lymph capillaries in the human body. How does it get there?

The nematode wuchereria lives in lymph capillaries in the human body. How does it get there?

Wucheria: This is a parasitic filarial nematode (roundworm) spread by a mosquito vector. It finds its way to the lymphatic system. ...Read more

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How does brucellosis effect the body?

How does brucellosis effect the body?

In many ways: Brucellosis presents initially as an illness with fever, muscle aches and sweats that can last for several weeks. The infection can localize to bone, kidney or central nervous system among others. The infection is generally acquired from livestock exposure or ingestion of unpasteurized dairy products. ...Read more

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How bad to the body is the herpes virus?

How bad to the body is the herpes virus?

Herpes: Herpes virus isn't particularly bad to catch. Most people have exposure to herpes type 1 by the time they are 20. About 1 in 5 people show blood evidence of having been exposed to herpes type 2 virus. Most don't even know it. Some people do have trouble with frequent or severe outbreaks. Also it can rarely cause a serious infection of the brain. This is especially true for babies at time of birth. ...Read more

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How long does HIV live outside the body? Does heat kill it faster?

How long does HIV live outside the body? Does heat kill it faster?

HIV dies right away: HIV cannot live outside of the body -which is a very good thing. So if you're worried about an 'exposure' at least this is in your favor. It's always good to practice safe sex though-esp. in this modern age. I see many young people not paying attention to their own safety-and sadly a number of new cases are occurring. Most of these are in gay young men in their 20s. Be safe. Check with a doc if Qs ...Read more