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Doctor insights on: How Does Licorice Lower Potassium Raise Sodium

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How does licorice lower potassium, raise sodium?

How does licorice lower potassium, raise sodium?

See below: Licorice contains a steroid, glycyrrhetinic acid inhibits a enzyme in the kidney 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 which by a complex mechanism in the kidney can cause sodium retention and pottassium excretion and high blood pressure. ...Read more

Dr. Madhu Kandarpa
1,327 Doctors shared insights

Potassium (Definition)

Potassium is an essential electrolyte, important in the functioning of many organs including the heart, kidneys, muscles, nerves, and digestive system. Deficiency can be caused by diseases such as kidney failure, vomiting, and diarrhea, or by ...Read more


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Low aldosterone, normal renin. Sodium 141 (135-145), potassium 3.4 (3.5-5.0) confused, shouldn't sodium be lower if low aldosterone and potassium higher?

Low aldosterone, normal renin. Sodium 141 (135-145), potassium 3.4 (3.5-5.0) confused, shouldn't sodium be lower if low aldosterone and potassium higher?

Sodium is difficult: Sodium regulation is complex and not directly related to any single hormone. Mineralocorticoids like Fludrocortisone can increase sodium a bit and do cause sodium retention of sodium, but the sodium level is mostly regulated by a hormone called adh (vasopressin). ...Read more

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Does potassium remove sodium from the body?

Does potassium remove sodium from the body?

Complex: The two are exchanged for each other in the distal aspect of the kidney filtering units.

Kayexalate is a resin that does exchange sodium for potassium in the gut. Abuse of this treatment can cause the serum sodium to rise. ...Read more

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Will I need to have the goal amount of sodium and potassium everyday?

No: Recommended daily amounts of these are not required, your kidneys will excrete excess amounts and are excellent at retaining na and k during times of shortage. The western diet is chock full of sodium and potassium is found in fruits and vegetables. ...Read more

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What is combined levels of high potassium and low sodium mean?

What is combined levels of high potassium and low sodium mean?

Nephrologist: Low sodium and high potassium means either there is dehydration as in severe diarrhea or overhydration, excess fluid as in heart failure. This electrolyte abnormality is a complex physiological derangement, which is usually best dealt by a nephrologist. ...Read more

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Have hypoadrenal with low potassium and low sodium how can this be?

Have hypoadrenal with low potassium and low sodium how can this be?

Over Rx?: I see that you are already taking Fludrocortisone for what I would imagine is addison's disease. You are on several medications and the interplay may have lowered both your cations; if either is far from reference range, your physician knows how to manage this. ...Read more

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What is the recommended maximum sodium & potassium intake each day?

What is the recommended maximum sodium & potassium intake each day?

1500 mg a day: This is for a "low sodium diet". Potassium intake could vary depending on whether you have advanced kidney disease or not.
I have a comprehensive article on this here:

http://www. Kidneydoctorbradenton. Org/2013/04/diet-for-patients-with-kidney-disease. Html. ...Read more

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What are the risks of potassium or sodium benzoate (commonly found as preservatives)?

See below: Very little. The drug is used in medicine to assist in lowering serum ammonia levels by activation of a nonurea cycle pathway; ammonia in the presence of benzoate will conjugate with glycine to form hippurate which is secreted by the kidney. As a preservative, there is little worry unless the individual is also on probenecid which can inhibit benzoate renal excretion. ...Read more

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Can fludrocortisone make any changes in the sodium, potassium balance in the muscle cell?

Can fludrocortisone make any changes in the sodium, potassium balance in the muscle cell?

Yes: All steroids can cause myopathy. That implies a change in electrolyte movements within skeletal muscles. A myopathy can manifest as muscle weakness. It is rare. Generally not seen, myopathy from cortisone is caused by a large dose taken. So, even though the answer to your question is yes it is unusual. A history of adverse cortisone effects makes it more likely to occur. ...Read more

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I don't meet my recommended daily potassium and sodium intake. What problems can this create?

I don't meet my recommended daily potassium and sodium intake. What problems can this create?

Intake of sodium: How do you know that your levels of sodium (s) and potassium (k) are low? Have low levels of them on a blood test? If not, you are ingesting enough of both. If you k is low, reasons for this may various kidney problems or a low magnesium level. If your s is low, it may be due to some edema formation, diuretics, hyperglycemia or other water retaining state. See a nephrologist for more information. ...Read more

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Sodium-133, potassium-5.2, urea-105, creatinine-4.2. How to reduce the urea and creatinine levels?

Sodium-133, potassium-5.2, urea-105, creatinine-4.2. How to reduce the urea and creatinine levels?

High Blood Levels: To properly answer your question, more information is needed. Specifically, your age, weight and race will give a nephrologist an idea of what your kidney function is. You need to have an ultrasound of your kidneys to see if you have obstruction present. Please see a nephrologist so that doctor can do a history and physicalexam and order the ultrasound as well as a 24 hour urine collection. ...Read more

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What actually happens when a person with hypertension takes sodium or potassium rich foods? Is the BP rise temporary or permanent?

What actually happens when a person with hypertension takes sodium or potassium rich foods? Is the BP rise temporary or permanent?

Temporary: When you ingest salt (sodium, potassium) in high amounts, this draws water with it to maintain a certain concentration. The more water, the higher the blood volume and the higher the pressure. Healthy kidneys eventually excrete the salt. ...Read more

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What could cause low sodium AND low potassium? I thought that when one went down the other went up? Over the last year I have been very tired.

Lots of things: The idea of a reciprocal relationship between these two cations is an old pop / quack / phony claim. If you are not taking meds, my first concern would be an interstitial nephritis. If they are significantly out of kilter, get worked up. ...Read more

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My wife had a second blood test and results as follows. Creatinine 36.0 umol/L. Sodium 1.38 umol/L and potassium 4.4 umol/L what does this mean?

My wife had a second blood test and results as follows. Creatinine 36.0 umol/L. Sodium 1.38 umol/L and potassium 4.4 umol/L what does this mean?

Hard to interpret: Blood tests can't be taken out of context. They are only a part of any physician's evaluation and must be interpreted along with the history and physical exam. Also need to know the normal ranges for the particular laboratory. I suspect the sodium is 138, not 1.38, and that is usually within the normal range. So is potassium. Creatinine = 36/88.4=0.41mg/dl seems low. High creatinine is worrisome. ...Read more

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I know that it exists an "exchange resin" to absorb potassium and liberate sodium, there's really nothing to absorb sodium? Nanotech or a probiotic?

I know that it exists an "exchange resin" to absorb potassium and liberate sodium, there's really nothing to absorb sodium? Nanotech or a probiotic?

Absorbing sodium: Sodium (n) get absorbed the kidneys. The exchange resin is used to excrete potassium (k) from the body in stool. It exchanges n for k, in the colon, causing n to be absorbed by the body. If too much n is absorbed by the kidneys and edema fluid occurs, diuretics are used to excrete the edema fluid by the kidneys. ...Read more

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Had routine labs recently. Potassium level was 6.2 and sodium was 148. The test were repeated 1 week later. Same results. I have no history of kidney?

Hyperkalemia is: A serious condition that can be life threatening given your potassium level is well above 6. I would make sure that the blood sample had not hemolyzed when you get it checked again, hopefully in the Emergency room, and make sure an EKG and kidney function tests are done. If everything normal then you may need to see a Kidney doctor or Endocrinologist to figure out why your potassium is high. ...Read more

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What to do if I think my body is excreting too much water, sodium & potassium! What can I do?

What to do if I think my body is excreting too much water, sodium & potassium! What can I do?

Chemistry panel: Our kidneys get rid of water, sodium and potassium, if the intake of these are high. I suggest you consult your physician and get some simple blood tests like basic chemistry panel, which will detect the electrolyte problems. ...Read more

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What is the difference between sodium and potassium deficiencies?

Probably not: Potassium is mostly inside the cell, so it doesn't have much effect on urination. Sodium is mostly outside the cell and does cause problems with swelling and urination. See your doctor. ...Read more

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What is the effect of insulin on sodium and potassium concentration in the cell? Explain please

Hi Owl: You will get a more precise answer by looking this up on wickepedia or googling it. 400 words not enough room and these details most docs need to look up themselves for the cellular mechanics of sodium potassium exchange, need for potassium replacement w/ insulin, etc, are vast. Gd luc. ...Read more

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I lost 100lbs, I exercise daily, I eat 70% raw fruit + veggies. Avg. Sodium is 2.3g, potassium 4.5g. My BP is 134/68. Where could I be going wrong?

I lost 100lbs, I exercise daily, I eat 70% raw fruit + veggies. Avg. Sodium is 2.3g, potassium 4.5g. My BP is 134/68. Where could I be going wrong?

You're doing fine...: You have made excellent progress towards a more healthy lifestyle. Why do you think something may be going wrong? If you had high blood pressire it is now normal. What is your weight goal? Good idea to take a multivitamin, omega 3 oil and vitamin d=3 and b-12. Be sure you continue to follow up with your physician, continue your weight loss/exercise, and please don't get discouraged! ...Read more

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What food is high in carbs and potassium, but low on sodium and calories?

Most grains.: Most grains are high in carbs and low in sodium, unless added. All are high in potassium. ...Read more

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What might cause reduction of sodium chloride and potassium contents in the blood?

What might cause reduction of sodium chloride and potassium contents in the blood?

Md: Low sodium chloride and potassium can result from excessive losses as in diarrhea or some kidney problems. Please consult md to check the electrolyte derangements. ...Read more

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If you wanted to rule out addisons just as a guess for safety. Would a serum cortisol, potassium and sodium be ok?

Maybe: If you're sick enough to think you have Addison's, hopefully you're already had your serum potassium assay; it's neither sensitive nor specific. Serum sodium varies a lot and isn't helpful. There's a cutoff value for cortisol that the lab will share that rules out Addison's, but many people fall below and will require further study, such as an ACTH stimulation test. ...Read more

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Sodium: 142, Potassium 3.7, Magnesium 2.5, C02 34 (High), Chloride 105. are these normal? Can these levels cause an episode of V-tach??

Sodium: 142, Potassium 3.7, Magnesium 2.5, C02 34 (High), Chloride 105. are these normal? Can these levels cause an episode of V-tach??

Mostly normal. Lung?: The electrolytes look mostly normal. The CO2 (actually bicarbonate) level is slightly high, which may be "just you" (no significance), or may be related to some developing lung or kidney problems. In any case, I wouldn't look to the electrolytes as being the cause of VTach. The problem probably lies elsewhere (lung is possible, as is heart disease). TTYD or use HealthTap Prime for more clarity. GL ...Read more

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I am recovering from a potassium deficiency. I would get symptomatic from small amounts of sodium. How do I know how much sodium I can have?

2500 mg per day: In general, limiting sodium to 2.5 grams per day is a safe range. If playing sports, you will need more. Low potassium is a diagnosis that requires a close f/u with your doc. ...Read more

Dr. James Krick
652 Doctors shared insights

Klorvess (Definition)

Klorvess is a mineral which is a kind of nutritional agent ...Read more


Dr. Leonard Stein
511 Doctors shared insights

Klor Con (Definition)

Klor-Con is a mineral which is a kind of nutritional agent ...Read more