Doctor insights on:
How Does Leukemia Spread
What does a pet scan for leukemia show? Since leukemia is in the blood, does it show cancer cells spread all over your body or does it show the cells concentrated in certain areas?
A malignant hematologic neoplasm that originates in the bone marrow and represents a clonal proliferation of hematopoietic elements belonging to any of the myeloid, lymphoid, erythroid, and megakaryocytic lineages. Of note, other hematologic neoplasms like lymphoma or myeloma may demonstrate a leukemic phase without actually originating in the bone marrow ...Read more
Would an intestinal cancer that has spread to the lymph system show in a blood evaluation for lymphoma and leukemia?
The doctors think my grandpa's bladder cancer spread to his brain but how? He hasn't had bladder cancer in about 6 months. He does have CLL leukemia
Probable bladder met: CLL usually remains dormant for long periods. I've had several patients with bladder Ca with mets to brain. Prior to treatment of the primary bladder lesion which can control disease either by fulguration and or BCG some tumor cells may have invaded blood system. Cells in blood have reservoir in bone marrow and as such 6 mo. After primary treatment cells leave marrow to implant in brain ...Read more
5 unexplained quarter-sized bruises on calves over last month. Small unitchy rash on forearm. A dozen teeny red spots spread out on arms. Two headaches in last two days. Sore xiphoid process. No other symptoms. Leukemia? What tests should I take?
This is a request: For diagnostic assessment of signs and symptoms. You wrote in the general health education portion of Health Tap. We can't diagnose or treat you. ...Read more
Anyone...: Can get leukemia. Rarely some individuals might inherit a familial disposition, and a few occupational exposures may increase risk (radiation or benzene exposure). More often it occurs from a series of random mutations that happens by bad luck in a single bone marrow stem cell. These mutations causes it to increase in number dramatically, pushing out healthy cells, but leaves them under developed. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Leukemia cause: We don't know for sure. Leukemia develops as the consequence of a series of genetic changes in blood cell offsprings. These changes alter normal growth and differentiation of the cells, resulting in an accumulation of abnormal, immature blood cells in the bone marrow and peripheral blood. Exposure to chemicals, radiation, tobacco, or chemotherapy, infection, etc have been associated with leukemia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No necessarily: Long time ago that was true. But the modern treatments for leukemias are quite effective and are often curative. But the treatment is best done at a cancer center where you can find experienced leukemia specialists especially if it is an acute leukemia (as opposed to chronic leukemias which are less serious and easier to treat). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Taste changes: When you are not feeling well (having leukemia) etc - you can have some alteration of the sense of tase. In addition distortion of the sense of taste (dysgeusia) can be also caused by other things like drugs- eg. Antibiotics, asthma treatment, chemotherapy, zinc deficiency etc. ...Read more
Drugs +/- radiation: Various chemotherapy drugs and new targeted therapies are used that preferentially kill cancer cells while minimizing side effects. Sometimes radiation is used alone or in addition to drugs depending on the type and stage of cancer. This is a discussion you will have with your cancer team during which you should have ample opportunity to ask questions. Take a pad and paper with you. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No such condition!: Leukemia by definition is a name given to blood cancer. But there are at least 4 separate types of Leukemias, broadly classified as Acute Leukemias (a very serious disease requiring immediate treatment) and Chronic Leukemias (which are slowly growing Cancers and have a much better prognosis as people with Chronic leukemia can survive for many years...some of these patients are cured with medicines. ...Read more
CBCj, flow cytometry: Leukemia is suspected when abnormal cells our found in the blood, or when blood counts are very low. The first test is the CBC (complete blood count). If abnormal cells are in the blood, they can be identified by flow cytometry, which analyzes compounds on the surface of blood cells. The definitive test otherwise is a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy, usually taken from the pelvic bone. ...Read more
Blood or bone marrow: Typically this s diagnosed by a bone marrow test. In the marrow will be the abnormal proliferation of cells of the same type. At times, these cells in the can "spill" into the blood. When this occurs, the leukemia s diagnosed on blood tests. Even when noticed in the blood, a marrow test is usually performed as well. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
See below...: Yes, a staging system is used for many types of cancer including leukemia; however, the factors involved are numerous and staging also depends heavily on the specific type of leukemia. Therefore, the staging for each particular case should be performed under the guidance of a hematologist/oncologist. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Symptoms.: When someone had leukemia, it causes specific symptoms. These include easy bruising or bleeding, fatigue, fevers. The leukemia affects the blood counts, typically making blood counts very low. Leukemia may also cause swelling of the lymph nodes, liver and spleen. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No one knows: Only in rare circumstances do we actually know the cause. Those times would be if the child was previously treated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy, if there is a known genetic problem like down's syndrome or in a few families where it may be hereditary. Exposures, foods, cellphones, high voltage transmission towers, etc have not been proven to increase the risk of getting leukemia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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