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Doctor insights on: How Does Coarctation Of The Aorta Develop In The Heart

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How does coarctation of the aorta develop in the heart?

How does coarctation of the aorta develop in the heart?

Not in the heart: Coarctation of aorta by definition does not occur in the heart. It is usually in the descending segment of the aorta and it is congenital (person is born with it). The exact location is variable, sometimes it involves the aorta proximal to the take off of the left subcalvian (artery to the left arm) and at times distal to it. It is essentially a narrowing of the lumen of the artery. ...Read more

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Aorta (Definition)

The aorta is the largest artery in the body, leaving directly from the left ventricle of the heart to supply blood to the entire body. It is made of elastic tissue layers called "intima" and is subject to damage by high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, ...Read more


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I have had vsd repair and coarctation of aorta am i more susceptible for heart attack. Warning signs? How to tell if its a heart attack or anxiety?

I have had vsd  repair and coarctation of aorta am i more susceptible for heart attack. Warning signs? How to tell if its a heart attack  or anxiety?

Possibly: Patients with coarctation are, unfortunately, at greater risk of coronary artery disease. The reason is not well understood, but there is good evidence to support this. Please discuss the warning signs with your doctor; but they include severe chest pain, palpitations, arm pain, sweating, fainting, difficulty breathing. Please seek medical attention immediately if you are concerned. ...Read more

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Which is more dangerous, a hole in the heart or coarctation of the aorta?

Which is more dangerous, a hole in the heart or coarctation of the aorta?

Depends : Depends on the size of the hole and degree of coarch narrowing. In general i'd say coarctation of the aorta is more limiting to people's lifestyle, but patent vsd or ASD can lead to stroke if clots pass through the heart to the brain. ...Read more

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My son was born with hypoplastic coarctation aorta. As it was hypoplastic does that mean the problem occured during fetal/heart development?

My son was born with hypoplastic coarctation aorta. As it was hypoplastic does that mean the problem occured during fetal/heart development?

Yes: Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital heart defect, meaning that it is an abnormality of cardiovascular development. Sometimes, there is associated aortic arch hypoplasia, which is probably what you are referring to. This combination requires a more extensive surgical repair for success. Generally, the arch hypoplasia is associated with more severe coarctation presenting early in life. ...Read more

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6 month son has heart checkup next month, operated for coarctation aorta at 1 week. Has bicispid valve and open pfo. Whats hould i be asking?

6 month son has heart checkup next month, operated for coarctation aorta at 1 week. Has bicispid valve and open pfo. Whats hould i be asking?

Depends: There are many things you could be asking. The most important is if there is any residual aortic obstruction and any aortic valve stenosis. Bicuspid aortic valves are common and can have no consequences, or they can become narrowed (rarely in infancy, but when older if at all). Pfo's are also common and do not require any treatment unless there are specific, rare issues, as an adult. ...Read more

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16 month son had heart surgery for coarctation aorta.He also has bicuspid valve, 2 pulm veins into 1 on one side anat. Still has 1-2 murmur - usual ?

16 month son had heart surgery for coarctation aorta.He also has bicuspid valve, 2 pulm veins into 1 on one side anat. Still has 1-2 murmur - usual ?

Murmur : Heart murmur is not always abnormal. In children "innocent murmur" can be heard. Residual murmur may be related to the bicuspid valve or anomalous pulmonary venous return. Best to be followed by a pediatric cardiologist. ...Read more

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Why do some people's bodies create very efficient collateral circulation in heart issues such as coarctation? What are factors for success?

Why do some people's bodies create very efficient collateral circulation in heart issues such as coarctation? What are factors for success?

At birth: Great question! you're either born with the potential for collaterals or you're not. You cannot do anything yourself to make them appear. When a vessel becomes obstructed, the hydrostatic pressure that occurs from the "backup" opens the collaterals if they're present. Thus the expression, "your anatomy determines your destiny.". ...Read more

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Is a 2 year old with congenital heart disease (repaired coarctation) more susceptible to myocarditis? 5th disease is going round his nursery..

Is a 2 year old with congenital heart disease (repaired coarctation) more susceptible to myocarditis? 5th disease is going round his nursery..

Not more susceptible: If he had an isolated coarctation of the aorta then he is at no greater risk. Some babies with complex types of CHD also have related immune issues which would put them at greater risk - this is not usually the case with a "simple" coarctation. ...Read more

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