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Doctor insights on: How Does Cancer Spread Among Lymph Nodes

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,316 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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So if someone has lymphoma or even another cancer that spread to their lymph nodes. Don't the lymph nodes grow and become hard and firm?

So if someone has lymphoma or even another cancer that spread to their lymph nodes. Don't the lymph nodes grow and become hard and firm?

They can: If enough tumor gets involved, they can get hard. However, small metastases may not be detected except by biopsy. Cancer diagnosis and treatment will involve biopsy, blood draw and imaging studies. ...Read more

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Is breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes cureable?

Is breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes cureable?

Absolutely!: Lymph node (ln) involvement implies the presence of cancer cells "elsewhere" in the body. Therefore, the chance for cure is dependent on one's ability to kill these cancer cells thru a combination of chemotherapy & one's immune system. Fortunately, we have many effective drugs to rx breast ca, leading to improved cure rates as compared to even a decade ago. Ln involvement is not a death sentence. ...Read more

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What's the prognosis of testicular cancer that did spread to the lymph nodes?

What's the prognosis of testicular cancer that did spread to the lymph nodes?

Still quite good: If this is currently being managed..Ie surgery, chemotherapy, then it is still a good prognosis. Remember that lance arstrong had cancer that spread to his brain and other organs and of course has no current evidence of this. ...Read more

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To which lymph nodes can esophageal cancer spread?

To which lymph nodes can esophageal cancer spread?

Local and distant: The most common spread is to local nodes around the esophagus. But the spread, or metastasis can be more distant such as to nodes around the celiac plexus, the region where the blood supply to the stomach arises below the diaphragm. But distant metastasis can be to nodes in the neck, particularly associated with the lymphatic chain that drains into the subclavian vein on left behind clavicle ...Read more

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What Lymph Nodes Does Lung Cancer Spread To?

What Lymph Nodes Does Lung Cancer Spread To?

Potential multiple: Depends on location of primary.but -- Intra lobar, mediastinal, para tracheal, Supraclavicular, cervical ...Read more

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What's the prognosis for my dad since his mouth cancer spread to his lymph nodes?

What's the prognosis for my dad since his mouth cancer spread to his lymph nodes?

Get treatment ASAP: Prognosis is difficult to determine without complete details, but it is worse with spread to lymph nodes than if it were localized. Your dad shoud be treated by a team of head & neck cancer specialists at a major cancer center. This will give his the best chance for a cure. Md anderson in houston is the best one in your area. ...Read more

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How fast does squamous cell cancer spread to lymph nodes?

Depends: There are several different types of squamos cell carcinomas, scc. For instance scc of the skin is not aggressive and very rarely spreads rapidly to lymph nodes. Scc of the lung is very aggressive and spreads rapidly. ...Read more

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What type and stage could be predicted of a colon cancer that is around 8 CM and not spread to lymph nodes?

What type and stage could be predicted of a colon cancer that is around 8 CM and not spread to lymph nodes?

Stage 1 or 2: A colon cancer that is confined to the bowel wall, irrespective of size is stage 1 or formerly duke's a. If it grows through the bowel wall, it is stage 2 or the old duke's b. If lymph nodes are involved, it is stage 3 or the old duke's c. Stage 4 or the old duke's d has spread to distant sites. Your described case could be stage 1 or 2. ...Read more

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Approx. How long would it take for dcis to spread to the lymph nodes? I have heard it is a fairly slow growing cancer.

Approx. How long would it take for dcis to spread to the lymph nodes? I have heard it is a fairly slow growing cancer.

It varies: When it's found, 1 case in 100 has metastasized. There must have been a few cells that got through the basement membrane that the pathologist didn't find -- or the primary may have regressed. But don't mess around with a dcis diagnosis. Choose the option that is right for you -- and you'll be offered a choice. ...Read more

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Does colon cancer spread to neck if lymph nodes are negative?

Very unlikely: Colon cancer that does not involve lymph nodes should not have neck lymph node involvement. If you recently had surgery you probably had a central catheter placed in your neck for IV administration. This may be the lump you are feeling. Make sure you talk to your doctor at the next visit to have a look. You could also have swelling from the endotrachral tube. ...Read more

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Would cervical cancer cause symptoms or an abnormal pap before it spread to lymph nodes?

Would cervical cancer cause symptoms or an abnormal pap before it spread to lymph nodes?

No: One of the problems with cervical cancer treatment is that many people do not have symptoms until it has already spread. That is why we do Pap smears-to catch it before symptoms ...Read more

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My grandmother is 64 has endometrial cancer that has now spread to lymph nodes what is her life expectancy?

Depends on Rx: It depends on the treatment program that she is given. Endometrial cancer is easily survivable if caught before it leaves the uterus as progesterone or surgery can reverse early Stage I. Your grandmother is beyond that point and her Oncologists will be offering her various treatment options which of course affect survival rates. ...Read more

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How much time after lung cancer spreads to the lymph nodes is death expecter?

How much time after lung cancer spreads to the lymph nodes is death expecter?

It varies: Occasionally there are still cures with disease in the nodes. With today's treatments, survival is often measured in years. Cherish each day, and be aware of the eventual outcome in your life planning, but don't expect anyone to tell you 'How long'. It's simply not predictable. ...Read more

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Can esophageal cancer spread to supraclavicular lymph nodes without causing any symptoms?

Can  esophageal cancer spread to supraclavicular lymph nodes without causing any symptoms?

Sadly yes: Esophagus is a muscular tube that can stretch, so often no symptoms until it can't . Also has no outer membrane surrounding it so easier to spread outside the organ itself. ...Read more

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In stage III colon cancer what is the significance of spread to 2 of 17 lymph nodes? What are lymph nodes?

In stage III colon cancer what is the significance of spread to 2 of 17 lymph nodes?
What are lymph nodes?

Significant: Cancers spread by either blood vessels or lymphatic pathways. Lymph nodes are collections of tissue along the lymphatic pathways, and are common places for tumor particles to start to grow. Your oncologist can discuss it in detail as to other measures you need to take, such as chemotherapy, radiation, more surgery, or some combination of all of the above. ...Read more

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Will chemotherapy help at all with 8.7cm thyroid cancer with mestatic neck disease and spread to nearby lymph nodes ?

Thyroid treatment: First line against thyroid cancer is surgery. You need to get all detectable disease out of the neck (the primary tumor and nodal metastases). Radioactive iodine is used to eradicate remaining thyroid and thyroid cancer cells. This can also help with distant mets in lungs/bone/etc. This can be repeated. External beam radiation ; chemo are reserved for cancer that has become dangerous. ...Read more

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Hello, I have been trying to find out whether oral cancer can spread to the lymph nodes without any signs, or if there is always a sore present first?

Hello, I have been trying to find out whether oral cancer can spread to the lymph nodes without any signs, or if there is always a sore present first?

Sometimes: Sometimes oral or nasopharyngeal cancer can spread to the lymph nodes without the primary tumor being detected. This is called cancer with an unknown primary. Most of the time a primary tumor is found. The oral and nasal cavities are so complex it is really impossible to do a thorough exam on yourself. ...Read more

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25 male.Have 3mm lump inside of lower lip for almost 3 years. Hasn't really grown. If it was cancer would it have grown by now/spread to lymph nodes?

25 male.Have 3mm lump inside of lower lip for almost 3 years. Hasn't really grown.  If it was cancer would it have grown by now/spread to lymph nodes?

Oral lump: Highly unlikely to be cancer with this time course. Several benign things can occur and persist, such as a "bite fibroma"- a scar-like post-traumatic lesion, a mucocele- cyst of a minor salivary duct, and so forth. ...Read more