Doctor insights on:
How Do You Get Type Two Diabetes
Genes and food: For the majority of diabetics (those with type 2), it's a combination of genetic predisposition and being overweight. It can also sometimes be causes by medications like steroids and some psych drugs, pancreatic surgery or pancreatitis. It's not entirely clear why people get type 1 diabetes. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Mostly unknown: The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain viruses may trigger the disease. ...Read more
HbA1c C-Peptide etc.: Diabetes mellitus is poor blood glucose control high, never low (except resulting from bad tx), thus study, check c-peptide & closely monitor blood glucose (momentary & average: optimal hba1c 5.0%), eliminate all carbs (absorbed as sugar), use Insulin + amylin (symlin) combined with food choices, quantities, timing & exercise to achieve as excellent glucose control, 65-140 mg/dl max, as possible. ...Read more
Thirst, hunger...: Frequent urination, undue fatigue if concerned at all, see md to catch / treat early and can check sugars at home with home glucose monitors, before person get these symptoms, to try to catch it early in people with family history of diabetes. fasting =/>100= pre-diabetes or diabetes; 2 hours after eating >140 = pre-diabetes or diabetes; ...Read more
Blood sugar: Typically a blood sugar test is done, and two abnormal tests confirm the diagnosis. In adults for type 2 diabetes common tests are: hgba1c of 6.5% or greater; a fasting plasma glucose of > 125; a random glucose of 200 mg/dl or greater; or a 2-hour post-load glucose after 75 g oral glucose of 200 mg/dl or greater. ...Read more
PCOS DM2: Three things. First, see your OB for management of pcos. Second, keep tight control of your diabetes. Third, you didn't mention your weight but obesity is common in women with pcos & dm so a healthy diet and exercise are also important to prevent obesity. Losing weight will help with the dm as well. You can also see a reproductive endocrinologist for help too. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Healthy lifestyle: Maintain a good weight, keep up the physical activity. Do not neglect strength training to increase/maintain body muscle mass. T2dm is strongly genetic, so sometimes the best of lifestyle measures cannot prevent it, but they will still make it easier to treat. ...Read moreSee 10 more doctor answers
Multiple specialist : My advice see an ophthalmologist, endocrinologist, an obstetrician who deals with high risk pregnancy, diabetes education team, nutritionist, a pediatrician who is familiar with diabetes mothers, and the most important a primary care doctor who coordinates all these specialists and help you make decisions. This pcp can be your family doctor or your obstetrician. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Not contagious: Type i diabetes (dm) is not a contagious disease. There are genetic predispositions to acquiring dm, but even so, there are poorly understood environmental trigger(s) which need to be present to activate the immune system against insulin-making cells in such patients. As an example, if an identical twin develops dm, the other twin only has a 40% chance of also getting it. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Yes.Get a more detailed answer ›
It depends on type: Type 1 diabetes occurs when a person’s immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in their pancreas. It usually occurs earlier in life. Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, physical inactivity, and genetics and may occur at any time in life, although more often in adulthood. There’s also gestational diabetes, which happens in pregnancy and may predict type 2 diabetes. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Unfortunately yes: Yes. You may have to take entire life. ...Read more
Nobody knows: Type 1 dm is an autoimmune disease occurring when an environmental trigger(s) sets off genes in the body to make antibodies against insulin-producing cells. Even with the genetic predisposition, there is only a 40% chance of getting diabetes. If an identical twin has type 1 diabetes, the other won't necessarily get it. ...Read more
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