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Doctor insights on: How Do You Differentiate Between Lymphoma And Myeloma

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How do you differentiate between lymphoma and myeloma?

How do you differentiate  between lymphoma and myeloma?

Lab testing: There are distinct differences between myeloma and lymphoma which can be determined by the pathologist using light microscopy, flow cytometry and immunoflourescent staining. ...Read more

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Dr. John Landi
125 doctors shared insights

Kahler Disease (Definition)

I had not heard of "kahler's disease" until seeing multiple questions on healthtap. It is multiple myeloma (mm). "multiple" is from the often seen "multiple" bone lesions (especially in advanced disease). Mm is a cancer of plasma cells [highly specialized b white blood cells (lymphocytes)] that produce antibodies. Sx are crab: hypercalcemia, renal insufficency, anemia, ...Read more


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How do I find what's the difference between hodgkin's disease and non-hodgkins lymphoma?

How do I find what's the difference between hodgkin's disease and non-hodgkins lymphoma?

Cells: Different cell lineages. They are all lymphomas - derived from lymphocytes, but hl and nhl are from different variants of these cells. Both diseases tend to spread through lymph nodes, but the treatments are different (ie different chemo regimen) and they tend to occur at different ages in patients. Not enough room here to go into that much depth of discussion. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between leukemia and lymphoma?

Leukemia primarily: Involves the blood and bone marrow and can be myeloid or lymphoid. Lymphoma involves the lymph nodes, and by definition is either a b or t cell process. These are general comments. Some leukemias involve nodes and many lymphomas involve the marrow. ...Read more

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What do doctors do to distinguish between a cyst and cancer/tumor?

What do doctors do to distinguish between a cyst and cancer/tumor?

Biopsy: It depends where the cyst is. But the only real way to distinguish between a benign and cancerous mass is a biopsy. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between anemia and leukemia?

I want to know what is the difference between anemia and leukemia?

A sign vs a disease: Anemia refers to a low red blood cell count and diminished capacity to carry oxygen. This has many causes. Leukemia is a cancer- a type of white blood cell growing out of control and preventing the others from doing their normal work. ...Read more

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How can you tell the difference between testicular cancer and just epyditimitis?

How can you tell the difference between testicular cancer and just epyditimitis?

Pain, tenderness.: Usually, epididymitis is painful while testicular cancer presents classically with a painless mass. Fever, tenderness and swelling can also be present. The major cause in heterosexual men < 35 years old is chlamidya trachomatis, accounting for 70% of cases. A course of appropriate antibiotics clears it up. Testicular cancer can be worked up by taking AFB and b-hcg levels, chest x-ray, and ct. ...Read more

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How do you distinguish reactive and malignant lymphadenopathy?

How do you distinguish reactive and malignant lymphadenopathy?

Bipspy: and blood testing. A frozen section biopsy specimen will be diagnostic and blood testing will be helpful. ...Read more

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How do I differentiate between syphilis and chancroid?

How do I differentiate between syphilis and chancroid?

Genital ulcers: Herpes, syphilis, donovanosis and chancroid cause genital ulcers. In the us, genital herpes is the most common. A diagnosis of chancroid is a little tricky b/c test not widely available. Having both a painful genital ulcer and tender swelling in the groin raises the possibility of chancroid (in setting of negative syphilis and herpes testing). Hiv test should also be done. See md for evaluation. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how hodgkin's and non-hodgkin's lymphoma differ?

Can you please tell me how hodgkin's and non-hodgkin's lymphoma differ?

Two different cancer: These are 2 differnt types of lymph gland cancers and are treated differently and have different prognosis. Hodgkins disease is more often curable(90%) than non-hodgkin lymphoma(about 60% curable). ...Read more

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How do you tell the difference between pneumonia and tuberculosis?

How do you tell the difference between pneumonia and tuberculosis?

See below: Pneumonia causes cough, fever, sometimes shortness of breath and chest pains. Rales are heard on auscultation of the lungs and an infiltrate is seen on chest x-ray. Tb is a more chronic illness characterized by cough, night sweats, weight loss, a positive PPD skin test or gamma interferon release test with apical infiltrates on cxr.Sputum smears and cultures are + afb/tb.Tb can cause a pneumonia. ...Read more

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How can you tell the difference between lymph nodes and thyroid cancer since both are hypoechoic?

How can you tell the difference between lymph nodes and thyroid cancer since both are hypoechoic?

Biopsy: Well, the thyroid gland and lymphnodes are quite different and are located anatomically different as well. Some nearby nodes may be difficult to tell on ultrasound, but a biopsy sure can! good luck. ...Read more

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How do you tell the difference between multiple sclerosis and chiari malformation?

How do you tell the difference between multiple sclerosis and chiari malformation?

Simplest approach: An MRI of brain and upper cervical spinal cord will demonstrate the presence of a Chiari Malformation, and if MS, typical lesions will be present within the white matter in a classical distribution. ...Read more

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How do you tell the difference between alzheimer's disease and other dementia?

How do you tell the difference between alzheimer's disease and other dementia?

Hints no clear rules: Alzheimer's usually impairs recent memory initially, with preservation at first of distant memory and other cognitive functioning. Eventually more global deficits occur. Often ad is a "diagnosis of exclusion" i.e., the most likely possibility after other causes are ruled out. It can only be diagnosed for certain with brain tissue samples, which is generally only done after death. ...Read more

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How can I distinguish between testicular cancer and infection?

How can I distinguish between testicular cancer and infection?

I would not try: if you feel pain or a mass in your testicle, you should see your family doc or better yet an urologist. Please do not self diagnose. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between cancer cells and having cancer?

I want to know what is the difference between cancer cells and having cancer?

Cancer & Cells: Cancer cells are single or clusters of abnormal cells with big dark nuclei found in fluids like blood, bile, cavity fluids, urine, sputum or scrapings in a cytology glass slide. Cancer itself has to be a nodule or a mass arising from a tisuue which has the same large dark nuclei compared to the adjacent normal cells. The cancer can be in-situ(no signs of invasion) or invasive. ...Read more

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How do drs distinguish between a cyst and testicular cancer?

How do drs distinguish between a cyst and testicular cancer?

Very different: A cyst is a fluid filled thin-walled structure without a solid component or abnormal color flow on doppler. Testicular cancer is solid (though sometimes with cystic spaces in it) that may also show areas of increased blood flow on color doppler ultrasound. ...Read more

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What can I do to distinguish between period and ovarian tumor blood?

What can I do to distinguish between period and ovarian tumor blood?

Is no ovarian blood: menstrual bleeding occurs due to sloughing of lining of uterus secondary to hormonal changes on a monthly basis. Ovarian tumors do not bleed. They can spread to uterus but that is in the metastatic phase of disease when spread has probably involved omental fat pad and is secondarily associated with peritoneal ascites.. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between meningitis and Lyme disease?

I want to know what is the difference between meningitis and Lyme disease?

Apples and oranges: Meningitis is inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord, uncommon with lyme disease. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency, can kill in hours. Nervous system can be involved in lyme disease, but less commonly and not acute. ...Read more

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What can you do to tell the difference between depression and bipolar type 2?

What can you do to tell the difference between depression and bipolar type 2?

Important: Bipolar 2 disorder most often presents as depression because patients often don't come in for their hypomanic symptoms because those are not often troubling. For this reason, many people with bipolar disorder have been treated as though they are unipolar. It is important for the treating clinician to do a thorough history to rule out periods of hypomania. Treatment is very different for the two. ...Read more

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Dr. Michael Thompson
1,757 doctors shared insights

Lymphoma (Definition)

A malignancy developing in the lymphocytes of lymph glands. They present as an enlarging node that continues to grow and then ...Read more