Doctor insights on:
How Do Diabetes And Smoking Lead To Clogged Arteries
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
No but why take risk: While smoking doesn't ALWAYS lead to hypertension & arteriosclerosis, this doesn't give you a free pass to make like a chimney. We know your blood vessels narrow down almost immediately from smoking, which decreases blood to your heart & brain (plus penis in men). Which is why the best/easiest/cheapest way to lower your risk for heart attack, stroke & even lung cancer is to quit smoking. ...Read more
If I have high cholesterol and I'm young shouldn't dr order test to see how clogged my arteries are? To prevent heart attack ?
Renin-Aldosterone: Entire medical books have been written on this mechanism of action. Basically when the kidney has a blockage in the arteries leading to it it perceives a low blood pressure. Since the kidney has the ability to release a chemical signal that tells the body to increase blood pressure it does just that. The problem is is that blood pressure is increased throughout the entire body, not just the kidney, and can have adverse effects. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Risk modification: I am assuming you have coronary artery disease and possibly an ischemic event. We are dealing with secondary prevention. Do not smoke, aggressive lipid modification with statins drugs(lower LDL less than 100 and less than 70 if dm and cad), diabetes treatment, BP less than 130/80, Aspirin 81mg a day, Plavix (clopidogrel) if CAD and revascularization done(pci/stent), weight control, physician manage exercise. ...Read more
Can you tell me how could sugar and salt, such tiny particles cause high blood pressure, blocked arteries, overweightness, etc?
Body response: It's not the particles themselves that cause the problems. Sugar leads to increase in blood sugar and the body's response to this is secretion of certain hormones, including things like cortisol (a steroid), which can have elevate blood pressure. Same with sodium, except the effect comes from the kidneys, a different hormone is secreted, but again, that hormone causes increase in blood pressure. ...Read more
Can eating too much at once (eg. Binge eating) cause damage to your arteries and blood vessels? Specifically your heart and head.
No easy way: Rarely do cholesterol plaques regress. There are a couple of studies showing that very high-dose statin use (crestor (rosuvastatin) or lipitor) can cause some regression of plaques, but it is incomplete and not clinically significant. Most of the time it is a matter of managing the plaques that are there to prevent them from progressing and to prevent new plaques from forming. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Multiple causes: Sweating implies excessive Adrenalin secretion (sympathetic nerve stimulation). This could happen for multiple reasons. Poor stamina, cardiac dysfunction, BP abnormalities, low blood sugar, excessive thyroid, infection, and autonomic nervous system dysfunction due to oth physiologic stressors are some of the possibilities. If no obvious cause, would suggest you see your doctor for checkup. ...Read more
Cardiac risk factors: Lower the amount of saturated fats, simple sugars, and red meats in your diet. Reducing carbohydrates and replacing with lean protein choices (example fish), and a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Overall, simulating the meditteranean diet may be quite heart-healthy and prove to aid in risk reduction. ...Read more
In Short: It gets taken up into the cells. Then, immune cells called monocytes see it and turn into their bigger, meaner cousin called macrophages. Those macrophages get angry and foam things up in the tissues and lead to the repetition of this cycle. ...Read more
Atherosclerosis is a common disease affecting the walls of arteries. Commonly described as "clogged" blood vessels, it can cause heart attack or stroke even without severe blockages: e.g., if blood clots form on plaques. High levels of LDL cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, high blood pressure, & aging can all contribute to atherosclerosis, but prevention is possible ...Read more
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