Doctor insights on:
How Deadly Is Cervical Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
My mom just told me that she has stage 3 cervical cancer. I'm worried if this is life threatening?
Yes: Stage 3 means that the cancer has spread to the lower vagina (3a) or the side of the pelvis (3b). This can certainly be life threatening. The usual treatment is radiation and chemotherapy at the same time with relatively good success. Her doctor may or may not do lymph node staging before radiation to evaluate how far up to give the radiation. She does need treatment right away. ...Read more
Infection with HPV: Nearly all cervical cancers are caused by infection with the dna virus called human papillomavirus (hpv). This virus is most commonly spread by sexual contact, and certain viral strains can incorporate into human dna and cause human cells to proliferate outside of normal cell growth control causing dysplasia (precancer) and then possibly cancer. The pap test is a screening test to detect this. ...Read more
Cervical Cancer: Review literature: in the US over 12, 000 new invasive cervical cancers and about 4000 cancer related death happened each year. With HPV vaccination this number expected to decrease more. In developing countries, especially in Africa the prevalence of invasive cervical and the death rate is much higher. In Africa it is still number one cause of cancer related death for women. ...Read more
Treatment or screen?: Cervical cancer can be screened for or prevented by using Pap smears and HPV testing. There is also a vaccine. If you have been diagnosed with it, the treatment depends on how large it is or if it has spread. This may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. An opinion with a gynecologic oncologist is best. If it is cervical PRE-cancer, then treatments may be more limited and less invasive. ...Read more
There are multiple:
Risk factors for cervical cancer include: early onset of sexual activity, multiple sexual partners, a high-risk sexual partner, history of sexaully transmitted infection, history of vulvar or vaginal squamous intraepithelial neoplasia, immunosuppression.
In terms of causes the main one is the human papillomavirus (hpv). Subtypes 16 and 18 are the most common subtypes. ...Read more
?: What do you mean? Do you mean symptoms or how to treat it? Please be a bit more specific. If you have unexplained vaginal bleeding or discomfort, please see your GYN. Also, you should be engaged in proper screening for cervical cancer. This cancer is potentially preventable with the vaccine and safe sex and should be curable the vast majority of times if proper screening is followed. ...Read more
Some HPV infections: Cervical cancer is generally associated with certain strains of HPV (human papillomavirus) infections. This virus most commonly causes genital warts. However there are certain strains such as HPV-16 and HPV-18 that can cause changes in the cells of the cervix which can lead to cancer. HPV is very common but thankfully most infections do not lead to cancer. It's spread by sexual contact. ...Read more
Fairly rare in US: Cervical cancer used to be common and deadly in the us and still is in parts of the developing world. Over the past 40 years, it has decreased tremendously in the us due to pap tests and better treatment. Today there are only about 12, 500 cases per year of actual cancer in the us. If you or a loved one is having bothersome symptoms, a visit with a gynecologist is needed to be sure. ...Read more
Yes: Early stages of cervical cancer will more than likely have not symptoms. The earlies symptoms may be post coital (after sex) bleeding. There may be a discharge and it could be foul. Frank bleeding may occur with frank cervical cancer. One may have some utering cramping and a feeling of pelvic fullness with more advance cancer. Don't let it get that far, get yearly pap smears and gyn exams. ...Read more
Uterine cervix: I'm assuming you mean cancer of the uterine cervix. Premalignant and early lesions may be cured by simple excision, it is often possible to preserve the uterus. More advanced lesions need more aggressive treatments, and even incurable cancer may respond to radiation or chemotherapy or a palliative procedure to keep the kidneys working. ...Read more
Good question!?: Almost all cases of cervical cancer are felt to be related to certain strains of HPV infection through prior sexual contact. It often takes many years for cancer to develop after exposure, and the vast majority of HPV infections do not turn into cancer. It's possible that family history & genetics may play some role in how likely one is to develop this cancer, though it's not yet well understood. ...Read more
A PAP smear:
Is the classical screening test for cervical cancer. In this test a brushing of cells from the cervix is stained and examined under the microscope. It may pick up abnormalities before they become fully cancerous.
A molecular test for the human papilloma virus (HPV) may also be done on cells collected with a PAP smear. It is a very sensitive way to detect the virus that causes the cancer. ...Read more
Carcinoma in situ: Infection of the cervix by the human papilloma virus (hpv) is associated with precancerous lesions and cancer. Some people confuse precancerous lesions (dysplasia) with actual cancer. It is important to know that regular pap tests will detect precancerous cells that can be monitored or treated. Condoms do not fully protect against hpv but there are vaccines to help prevent cervical and hpv cancer. ...Read more
Vaccination & pap: A vaccination is available that can prevent about 80% of cervical cancers. All girls/women 9-26 year old should get vaccinated, perferably before onset of sexual activity. Regular pap smear examinations provide detection of pre-cancerous lesions and can prevent cervical cancer. Limit the number of sex partners and delay first intercourse. Do not smoke. ...Read more
Secondary to what?: If u mean caused by something, smoking and hpv virus are common culprits. If you mean cancer spreading to the cervix, it can happen with endometrial cancer and conceivably other pelvic cancers like ovary, vagina, rectum, or bladder, which can grow directly into it. I would think that more distant cancers would rarely if ever metastasize into the cervix but to be honest I'm not sure. ...Read more
Women 21-64 years: Pap smears are recommended every 1 to 3 years starting at age 21 for all women. Women who have had normal paps can usually stop getting them at age 65. Ask your doctor what is recommended for you. ...Read more
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