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Doctor insights on: How Could Mitral Valve Stenosis Be Prevented

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How could mitral valve stenosis be prevented?

How could mitral valve stenosis be prevented?

Antibiotics: The majority of mitral stenosis is a result of rheumatic fever-caused by group a strep infection like strep throat. Treating the strep infection can prevent rheumatic fever. If rf occurs then long term (yrs) of low dose penicillin is required to prevent recurrence. The patient may also require long term steroids. ...Read more

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Dr. Heidi Fowler
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Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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How could mitral valve stenosis be treated?

How could mitral valve stenosis be treated?

If severe, surgery: True, classical mitral stenosis is caused by rheumatic fever. Some types can be very aggressive causing compromised cardiac output & symptoms of marked shortness of breath & fatigue. There are no medical interventions that treat mitral stenosis. This leaves, when the time is appropriate, surgical repair or replacement. Balloon based interventions have not proven to be satisfactorily effective. ...Read more

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Is mitral valve stenosis dangerous or not?

Is mitral valve stenosis dangerous or not?

Depends: This depends on how severe the stenosis is. It is important to see a cardiologist and continue to watch this condition closely as it changes over time, and you may need surgery at some point in time. ...Read more

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I may have mitral valve stenosis. Is that bad?

I may have mitral valve stenosis. Is that bad?

Depends: This depends on how severe the stenosis is. It is important to see a cardiologist and continue to watch this condition closely as it changes over time, and you may need surgery at some point in time. ...Read more

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What is the significance of mitral valve stenosis?

Mitral stenosis: Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the mitral valve caused by rheumatic fever. Progressive narrowing of the mitral valve can cause heart rhythm disturbances and the development of heart failure symptoms. This condition can be corrected with either mitral balloon valvuloplasty or surgery. ...Read more

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What are possible non-invasive treatments for mitral stenosis with mitral valve area less than 0.85?

Mitral stenosis: Severe mitral stenosis is a mechanical obstructive lesion. It needs to be corrected by surgery or occassionally a catheter based dilation of the abnormal valve. Surgery is generally preferred. Non invasive treatment can not increase the valve area and is limited to slowing the heart rate to allow more time for ventricular filling. This is of limited benefit. ...Read more

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What is mitral valve stenosis?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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How do you diagnose mitral valve stenosis?

How do you diagnose mitral valve stenosis?

Stethoscope & echo: Mitral stenosis can be diagnosed by a characteristic murmur heard with a stethoscope. This can be confirmed by an echocardiogram (an ultrasound exam) which can help assess the severity of the narrowing of the valve. ...Read more

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How do you tell the severity of mitral valve stenosis?

How do you tell the severity of mitral valve stenosis?

Several ways: There are several ways to check how severe your mitral stenosis is. The most common and least invasive method is by transthoracic echocardiography, an ultrasound of the heart. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis a congenital defect or the narrowing of the mitral valve due to scaring?

Can be either: The majority of mitral stenosis is a result of a previous strep infection which cause rheumatic fever. This begins a slowly progressive scarring of heart valves. The aortic and mitral valves most commonly. However there can be congenital mitral stenosis when the mitral valve may not form big enough during fetal development. ...Read more

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Dr. Robert Binford
77 doctors shared insights

Mitral Stenosis (Definition)

Mitral stenosis is a narrowing and stiffening of the heart valve separating the top and bottom chambers of the left side of the heart. This narrowing makes it more difficult for blood from the top chamber of the heart to flow to the bottom chamber. Many cases of mitral stenosis are caused by a prior ...Read more


Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more