Doctor insights on:
How Could Mitral Stenosis Be Complicated By Pulmonary Fibrosis
Mitral stenosis is a narrowing and stiffening of the heart valve separating the top and bottom chambers of the left side of the heart. This narrowing makes it more difficult for blood from the top chamber of the heart to flow to the bottom chamber. Many cases of mitral stenosis are caused by a prior ...Read more
Multiple causes: Dyspnea is difficult breathing. Ms causes this in multiple ways. Increased lung water (back up into the lungs.) dilated left atrium compressing the left main stem bronchus. Decreased cardiac output (and o2 delivery) leading to a sensation of needing to breathe harder. Atrial arrhythmias leading to decreased cardiac output and increased water in the lungs. Each person has variable contribution. ...Read more
Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Restricts blood flow: Mitral stenosis is when the mitral valve fails to open sufficiently. This restricts the blood flow into the left ventricle (the main pumping chamber). This causes the left atrium to dilate and increase pressure in the lungs. This causes shortness of breath, increase BP in lungs, abnormal heart rhythms, and heart failure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib . This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema,ascites ,etc. The drs can do a surface echo,TEE,right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more
See below: Ms(mitral stenosis) is not fatal if treated appropriately. Once diagnosed, close follow up necessary. If the patient develops symptoms such as shortness of breath, afib, pulmonary hypertension, chf, ...Or a mean gradients> 10, mitral valve area <1. For best results, surgical replacement is required. Balloon valvuloplasty is possible but not all patients are candidates. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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