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Doctor insights on: How Could Mitral Stenosis Be Complicated By Pulmonary Fibrosis

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How could mitral stenosis be complicated by pulmonary fibrosis?

How could mitral stenosis be complicated by pulmonary fibrosis?

Can't fix it: The two conditions are separate but both lead to similar symptoms. So fixing the mitral valve might not resolve the symptoms as anticipated. Fixing the valve is also made riskier by the lung problem. So one complicates the other. ...Read more

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Dr. Robert Binford
79 doctors shared insights

Mitral Stenosis (Definition)

Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease which narrows the opening of the mitral valve. This decrease the flow of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ...Read more


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How is a pulmonary valve stenosis treated?

Pulmonary stenosis: Treatment for pulmonary valve stenosis varies depending upon the severity of stenosis and symptoms, and whether this is an isolated finding or there are other comorbid issues. Generally patients with mild to moderate stenosis may not require intervention, whereas patients with moderate to severe stenosis might require a catheter -or surgical-based approach to open up the narrowing. ...Read more

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What can be done for severe degenerative aortic valve stenosis?

What can be done for severe degenerative aortic valve stenosis?

Replacement of valve: Surgical replacement of aortic valve is the standard of care. No medicines can relieve the blockage. More recently percutaneous valve replacement has become available for patients who are at a high risk from surgery for aortic valve replacement. This procedure can be performed with a catheter through the groin, but carries its own complicaitons and risks. ...Read more

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How could mitral valve stenosis be treated?

How could mitral valve stenosis be treated?

If severe, surgery: True, classical mitral stenosis is caused by rheumatic fever. Some types can be very aggressive causing compromised cardiac output & symptoms of marked shortness of breath & fatigue. There are no medical interventions that treat mitral stenosis. This leaves, when the time is appropriate, surgical repair or replacement. Balloon based interventions have not proven to be satisfactorily effective. ...Read more

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How could mitral valve insufficiency be prevented?

How could mitral valve insufficiency be prevented?

Diet and exercise: A healthy lifestyle can delay any progression of heart disease. Controlling blood pressure helps. Sometimes, regardless of efforts mitral insufficiency can progress. ...Read more

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What can cause my RA and RV enlarged + tricuspid regur, without present of pulmonary hypertention or mitral valve disease? Is it possible congenital?

What can cause my RA and RV enlarged + tricuspid regur, without present of pulmonary hypertention or mitral valve disease? Is it possible congenital?

Mgt/workup: It is possible that the right sided heart problem is related to a change in the anatomy on that side. The leaky valve makes the heart work more with each beat. Since you have experienced leg swelling, the regurgitation may have been significant enough to allow back up of the blood, resulting in leg edema. The valve may be repaired to alleviate this cause. It is important to follow up. ...Read more

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How could the heart sounds be affected by av valve stenosis?

Multiple ways: Valve stenosis is the narrowing of a valve opening. Most commonly this causes flow disturbances which can be heard and is caused a murmur. Think of a kinked garden hose. The higher the velocity of the blood crossing the valve the louder the murmur. Other secondary sounds can occur but are more subtle. Pictured is a stenotic aortic valve. ...Read more

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Is it possible to live with congenital aortic stenosis?

Is it possible to live with congenital aortic stenosis?

Yes: Aortic stenosis varies in severity. It can be so mild that it has no consequence; it can be so severe that newborns are critically ill and will not survive without treatment. Even with the most severe cases; however, patients typically survive. ...Read more

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Can 5 weeks of pulmonary hypertension (as well as a few other diagnoses) lead to moderate anoxic brain injury? A patient in his early 50's receives diagnosis of mssa- causing pulmonary hypertension, chf, aortic valve regurgitation, a stretched mitral valv

Can 5 weeks of pulmonary hypertension (as well as a few other diagnoses) lead to moderate anoxic brain injury? A patient in his early 50's receives diagnosis of mssa- causing pulmonary hypertension, chf, aortic valve regurgitation, a stretched mitral valv

Endocarditis: Anoxic brain injury can occur after cardiac arrest. The heart disease you mention could lead to cardiac arrest but you did not mention this in your history. I am concerned about endocarditis, infection of the heart valve, with history of mssa bacteremia. ...Read more

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How could a thoracic aortic aneurysm lead to pulmonary congestion/cough?

How could a  thoracic aortic aneurysm lead to pulmonary congestion/cough?

Several: Descending aorta can be quite large and compress the lung or the left airway- bronchus. Ascending aorta can have valve disruption and congestive failure as features of progression. Many are asymptomatic in the early stage and only detected by x-rays. ...Read more

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What is pulmonary stenosis? Lung or heart problem?

What is pulmonary stenosis? Lung or heart problem?

Heart valve problem: Pulmonic stenosis is narrowing of the heart valve leading from the right ventricle to the lung. If valve is constricted it can lead to "backup" of venous blood into the liver, and veins can cause symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue. May require surgery or opening it up with a balloon valvuoplasty. ...Read more

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How could heart valve disease be treated?

Depends On Condition: Depending on your heart valve disease condition, the following could be treatments for you: monitoring, medications, balloon valvotomy and/or surgery. Of course all treatments should have regular follow-ups with your doctor. ...Read more

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How could pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis prevent pulmonary edema?

How could pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis prevent pulmonary edema?

Less flow to lungs: If the pressure in the pulmonary artery is high enough, the right ventricle's ability to pump bood to the lungs is diminished. Less blood flow to the lungs means that there is less fluid to leak out into the air spaces ( alveoli). ...Read more

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Can aortic valve disease be treated through a catheter?

Can aortic valve disease be treated through a catheter?

Depends on pts age: For critical aortic stenosis in elderley pts and who are high risk for surgery to replace valve, there is a procedure called transcutaneous aortic valve replacement (tavr). ...Read more

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Bilateral pneumonia complicated by pleural effusion-- can this be fatal?

Bilateral pneumonia complicated by pleural effusion-- can this be fatal?

Probably not...: This condition is typically treated with antibiotcs and drainage of the effusion with a chest tube if it is large enough. Generally it is not fatal; however, if severe enough & not responsive to treatment, this can be very serious. ...Read more

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Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more


Dr. Daniel Saurborn
1 doctor shared a insight

Stenosis (Definition)

Constriction or narrowing of something - duct, artery, passage way such as the outlet of the stomach into the small ...Read more