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Doctor insights on: How Could Mitral Stenosis Be Complicated By Pulmonary Fibrosis

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How could mitral stenosis be complicated by pulmonary fibrosis?

How could mitral stenosis be complicated by pulmonary fibrosis?

Can't fix it: The two conditions are separate but both lead to similar symptoms. So fixing the mitral valve might not resolve the symptoms as anticipated. Fixing the valve is also made riskier by the lung problem. So one complicates the other. ...Read more

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Dr. Robert Binford
79 Doctors shared insights

Mitral Stenosis (Definition)

Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease which narrows the opening of the mitral valve. This decrease the flow of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ...Read more


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How could pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis prevent pulmonary edema?

How could pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis prevent pulmonary edema?

Less flow to lungs: If the pressure in the pulmonary artery is high enough, the right ventricle's ability to pump bood to the lungs is diminished. Less blood flow to the lungs means that there is less fluid to leak out into the air spaces (alveoli). ...Read more

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What is the difference between pulmonary fibrosis and stenosis?

What is the difference between pulmonary fibrosis and stenosis?

See below: Pulmonary fibrosis is, generally speaking, scarring of the lungs. Certain types progress faster than others. There is no such thing as pulmonary stenosis (narrowing). You can have a narrowing of the airways which is a completely different problem and may be treated with stents. And refers to the large airways so is different from asthma and copd. Hope this is not too confusing! ...Read more

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Difference between the characteristics of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitaion?

Difference between the characteristics of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitaion?

Blocked vs Leaking: Stenosis means the valve does not open enough and restricts the flow of blood thru the valve. Regugitation means the valve leaks when closed and allows blood to flow in reverese. Both cause the hear to have to work harder. Mitral regurge is much more common than stenosis in industrialized nations because antibiotics used to treat strep infections have reduced rheumatic fever rates. ...Read more

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How does mitral stenosis affect the heart?

Mitral valve: Valves are like doors, they have to open and close. Mitral stenosis is when the mitral valve doesn't open enough. This causes shortness of breath by forcing lung pressure up. Repair or replacement of the symptomatic valve improves the problem, if surgery possible, medical therapy less effective long term. ...Read more

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Could you tell me why mitral stenosis causes dyspnea?

Could you tell me why mitral stenosis causes dyspnea?

Multiple causes: Dyspnea is difficult breathing. Ms causes this in multiple ways. Increased lung water (back up into the lungs.) dilated left atrium compressing the left main stem bronchus. Decreased cardiac output (and o2 delivery) leading to a sensation of needing to breathe harder. Atrial arrhythmias leading to decreased cardiac output and increased water in the lungs. Each person has variable contribution. ...Read more

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What is the relationship between mitral facies and mitral stenosis?

Mitral stenosis: Mitral stenosis is narrowing of the mitral valve usually from rheumatic fever as a long term complication. Mitral facies is only a descriptive term of the thin face seen in many patients with long term mitral stenosis. ...Read more

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What causes dyspnea and abnormal breath sounds for mitral stenosis?

What causes dyspnea and abnormal breath sounds for mitral stenosis?

Depends on severity: If severe, mitral stenosis can cause pulmonary edema or fluid buildup in the lung tissue and air spaces as a result of increasing left atrial pressure and pulmonary venous congestion. This may led to shortness of breath as well as crackles on exam. ...Read more

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What can I do to treat mitral stenosis?

Depends: Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist. ...Read more

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Are there any drugs that can help mitral stenosis?

More below: Yes. Diuretics and beta blockers however mitral stenosis will lead to death if the valve area is less than 1 cm2 and it remains untreated (surgically). ...Read more

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Why there is no pain associated with mitral stenosis?

Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read more

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What to do if I have mitral stenosis. Is it getting worse?

What to do if I have mitral stenosis. Is it getting worse?

Depends: mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib. This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema, ascites, etc. The drs can do a surface echo, TEE, right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more

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Why do malar flushes occur in mitral stenosis?

Malar flush: From the Merck manual: The classic facial appearance in MS, a plum-colored malar flush, occurs only when cardiac output is low and pulmonary hypertension is severe; cause is cutaneous vasodilation and chronic hypoxemia. ...Read more

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When does mitral stenosis become a problem for a patient?

Severe blockage: In mitral stenosis, the opening of the mitral valve is too small. If it gets small enough, then the patient can begin to have symptoms such as shortness of breath and fatigue. So it depends on how severe the blockage is. ...Read more

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What valve narrowing results in mitral stenosis?

What valve narrowing results in mitral stenosis?

Mitral Valve: The mitral keeps oxygenated blood flowing in one direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle. ...Read more

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How are tight mitral stenosis & severe mitral stenosis different?

How are tight mitral stenosis & severe mitral stenosis different?

Unsure: "tight" mitral stenosis is not an official medical term. Severe mitral stenosis, as one could imagine is a higher degree of obstruction at the valve with greater consequences on blood flow (cardiac output) and greater consequences on the lungs (buildup of fluid in the lungs.). ...Read more

Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more


Dr. James Chapman
1 Doctor shared a insight

Stenosis (Definition)

Constriction or narrowing of something - duct, artery, passage way such as the outlet of the stomach into the small ...Read more