Doctor insights on:
How Could Mitral Stenosis Be Complicated By Pulmonary Fibrosis
, my 75 yr old mother with pulmonary valve replacement ant mitral valve stenosis is having symptoms of bronchitis. I have 500 mg keflex on hand, .
See below: Pulmonary fibrosis is, generally speaking, scarring of the lungs. Certain types progress faster than others. There is no such thing as pulmonary stenosis (narrowing). You can have a narrowing of the airways which is a completely different problem and may be treated with stents. And refers to the large airways so is different from asthma and copd. Hope this is not too confusing! ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Blocked vs Leaking: Stenosis means the valve does not open enough and restricts the flow of blood thru the valve. Regugitation means the valve leaks when closed and allows blood to flow in reverese. Both cause the hear to have to work harder. Mitral regurge is much more common than stenosis in industrialized nations because antibiotics used to treat strep infections have reduced rheumatic fever rates. ...Read more
Mitral valve: Valves are like doors, they have to open and close. Mitral stenosis is when the mitral valve doesn't open enough. This causes shortness of breath by forcing lung pressure up. Repair or replacement of the symptomatic valve improves the problem, if surgery possible, medical therapy less effective long term. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Multiple causes: Dyspnea is difficult breathing. Ms causes this in multiple ways. Increased lung water (back up into the lungs.) dilated left atrium compressing the left main stem bronchus. Decreased cardiac output (and o2 delivery) leading to a sensation of needing to breathe harder. Atrial arrhythmias leading to decreased cardiac output and increased water in the lungs. Each person has variable contribution. ...Read more
Depends on severity: If severe, mitral stenosis can cause pulmonary edema or fluid buildup in the lung tissue and air spaces as a result of increasing left atrial pressure and pulmonary venous congestion. This may led to shortness of breath as well as crackles on exam. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist. ...Read more
Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib. This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema, ascites, etc. The drs can do a surface echo, TEE, right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more
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