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Doctor insights on: How Common Is A Mechanical Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery

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How common is a mechanical aortic valve replacement surgery?

How common is a mechanical aortic valve replacement surgery?

Very: Choices are repair fr some mitral valves. Biologic or mechanical for aortic valves depending on age, bleeding issues, and overall risk assessment. ...Read more

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Dr. Amrita Dosanjh
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Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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Bovine or mechanical valve for my mitral valve replacement surgery. Which is best?

Bovine or mechanical valve for my mitral valve replacement surgery. Which is best?

Depends: The type of valve chosen depends on many factors ; age, other medical problems the type of valve disease, regurgitation/stenosis or some combination as well as pt preference. Pt . Preference is important when it come to anticoagulation long term after valve surgery with a mechanical valve. If anticoagulation is not feasible or the pt does not want it then a bovine or tissue valve is the way togo. ...Read more

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What is the role of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement surgery?

What is the role of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement surgery?

If needed: A small percentage of patients require post op pacemakers after aortic valve surgery. It usually does not cause any problems. ...Read more

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How long of a procedure is a mitral valve replacement?

How long of a procedure is a mitral valve replacement?

4 hours: The surgery might take approximately 4 hours. You would expect to spend, on average, 5 days in the hospital. Complete recovery takes approximately 2 months. If the repair is done in a minimally invasive fashion, the hospital stay might be 3-4 days and full recovery might take only one month. ...Read more

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What is the effect of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement?

What is the effect of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement?

Pacemaker and AVR: After an aortic valve replacement the pacemaker works the same way to keep the heart from going too slow. Sometimes with aortic valve disease the conduction system gets damaged because it is close to the valve, and the patient needs a pacemaker. ...Read more

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How dangerous is an aortic valve replacement?

How dangerous is an aortic valve replacement?

Reasonably safe: Generally aortic valve replacement is a reasonably safe procedure. The operative risks however depends on the overall condition of the heart, age, presence or absence of other problems such as lung and kidney disease and the overall physical strength of the patient. In most cases the surgical risk should be less than 5% chance of a bad outcome. ...Read more

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Is there any difference between a bicuspid aorticvalve replacement and mitral valve replacement surgery?

Is there any difference between  a bicuspid aorticvalve replacement and mitral valve replacement surgery?

Yes: The aortic valve and the mitral valve are two completely different valves. Whereas bicuspid aortic valve surgery usually requires replacement, the preferred approach to mitral valve surgery, unless for severe stenosis or severe mitral regurgitation in a minority of instances, is mitral valve repair. A very experienced opinion is often required. ...Read more

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Is surgery used to fix pulmonary valve stenosis?

I think you mean: Pulmonary artery stenosis. Do a web search on this. It is usually associated with pulmonary hypertension. ...Read more

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What is surgery like for bicuspid aortic valve disease?

What is surgery like for bicuspid aortic valve disease?

Valve Replacement: If you have a bicuspid aortic valve (normally there are 3 leaflets, but in this case 2 are fused together from birth) the valve often develops either leakiness/ regurgitation or stiffness / stenosis. The treatment is open heart surgery with valve replacement. This could be either a tissue valve or a mechanical valve. Check with your doctor for advice. ...Read more

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What will happen in aortic valve replacement surgery?

What will happen in aortic valve replacement surgery?

Aortic valve: Chest opened, tubes inserted intto heart connecting to bypass machine to replace the function of the heart while it is temporarily stopped. The heart is stopped, and blood prevented from entering the main blood pipe (the aorta), the aorta is opened, the old valve is cut out, an artificial valve is sewn in, the aorta is emptied of air on closure, the heart is restarted, tubes out, chest closed. ...Read more

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How would a pacemaker affect someone after aortic valve replacement surgery?

How would a pacemaker affect someone after aortic valve replacement surgery?

Synchronization: Allows for optimal heart function in the presence of complete heart block, sick sinus syndrome, chonotropic incompetence, symptomatic bradycardia to include some. ...Read more

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How is a small aortic annulus or root handled when doing aortic valve replacement? Do the 19mm or 17mm valves flow badly? More risks?

Cardiac surgeon: Small aortic annulus is identified by echocardiography. Your cardiac surgeon will plan to enlarge the annulus to accommodate the largest valve practical. Sometimes even cutting into the heart like a ross/konno is required. All surgery has risks but your surgeon will be everything possible to help you, remember they have dedicated themselves to this job. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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What is an aortic valve replacement?

What is an aortic valve replacement?

Surgical procedure : Aortic valve replacement is a surgical operation where the heart is stopped while the body is on cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The diseased valve is cut out and a new prosthetic valve from a pig or cow or a mechanical valve is sewn in. The operation takes 3-4 hours to complete and you can stay in hospital for 4-7 days. ...Read more

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Is Mitral Valvuloplasty effective than surgery for treating mitral valve stenosis due to rheumatic heart disease?will size decrease again after ?

Is Mitral Valvuloplasty  effective than surgery for treating mitral valve stenosis due to rheumatic heart disease?will size decrease again after ?

Can be: Balloon mitral valvuloplasty can be an effective treatment for rheumatic mitral stenosis. Several parameters are first assessed including degree of calcification and immobility of the valve leaflets, degree of mitral regurgitation (leakiness), etc. A thoughtful cardiologist can guide you through that algorithm to determine if this may be the correct choice. ...Read more

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What can be done for renal problems after aortic valve replacement and bypass surgery?

What can be done for renal problems after aortic valve replacement and bypass surgery?

Problems: there are problems and there are problems, it depends on what the 'problem' is. When the problem is bad enough, we can do dialysis. When the problem is treatable by less extensive means, we can do lesser things. You have to know what's wrong. ...Read more

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How is a heart valve surgically repaired?

How is a heart valve surgically repaired?

Depends which valve: Repair most commonly is done on mitral valve, especially when mitral prolapse is present. The excess, "floppy" tissue causing the valve to prolapse is excised to make leaflets more taught. Sometimes an artificial ring is inserted around the base of the leaflets to cinch the whole apparatus together, if it has become dilated, preventing leaflets from closing up against each other. ...Read more

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How is a malfunctioning heart valve repaired?

How is a malfunctioning heart valve repaired?

Depends: This is a very open-ended question. Dependent on the valve involved and the malady, the valve may be repaired or replaced. You have to be a bit more specific. ...Read more

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Can aortic regurgitation be treated with TAVR surgery or is it only viable for aortic stenosis?

Can aortic regurgitation be treated with TAVR surgery or is it only viable for aortic stenosis?

TAVR: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) involves implanting a device (a stent-like frame with a valve inside it) where the existing aortic valve sits between the heart and the aorta. The original valve is not removed. TAVR is currently an option for certain patients with Aortic Stenosis (their own valve does not open well) particularly those who are not good candidates for surgery. ...Read more

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Tof corrected 20 years back, now pulmonary valve to be replaced with bovine valve. Is there any other option. Which is the best valve option.

Talk to your doctor: This is the role your doctor should be taking- talk to you about the pros and cons on different options. If you don't trust his judgment, then you need to get a second opinion. For example, if you were a muslim, then a pork valve would not be an option for you regardless how good it may be. ...Read more

Dr. Sheila Smith
3 doctors shared insights

Aortic Valve (Definition)

The aortic valve is one of 4 valves in the heart, each of which separates 2 cardiac chambers. It opens when blood is actively ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta artery, to be carried to the rest of the body. It then closes firmly to prevent blood from flowing backwards, while it passively continues to flow forward to body's vital organs. When next heartbeat ...Read more


Aorta (Definition)

The aorta is the largest artery in the body, leaving directly from the left ventricle of the heart to supply blood to the entire body. It is made of elastic tissue layers called "intima" and is subject to damage by high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, ...Read more