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Doctor insights on: How Can Anthrax Survive Harsh Conditions

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How is it that anthrax can survive harsh conditions for years or more?

How is it that anthrax can survive harsh conditions for years or more?

Spores: The anthrax bacteria is encased in protective little cases that can lay dormant in soil for many years before causing infections. ...Read more

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How can anthrax (disease) survive?

How can anthrax (disease) survive?

Spores: The bacteria can encase themselves in a very touch coat that makes them basically indestructable. They can stay in the soil for centuries. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how bacteria like anthrax can survive for years in hostile environments?

Can you tell me how bacteria like anthrax can survive for years in hostile environments?

Endospores: Bacillus Anthracis spores (endospores) are dormant & can be found on in the soil of all the continents. The spores are hardy & can survive in many environments for centuries. ...Read more

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What is anthrax?

Bacterial infection: Infectious disease caused by bacteria called bacillus anthracis. Called woolsorter's disease because those at highest risk work around hoofed animals such as sheep, cattle, goats. Infection in humans most often involves the skin, gastrointestinal tract, or lungs. Can be treated with certain antibiotics. Can be fatal if not treated. ...Read more

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Is anthrax severe?

Can be: Pulmonary anthrax can be deadly within days. Other forma, not so problamatic but worthy of agressive treatment.
See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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How is anthrax transmitted?

Air-borne: Anthrax is an air-borne illness. These spores can live in sheeps wool and get into the body by inhalation. ...Read more

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Is anthrax a serious health risk?

Few Cases/ Serious: There are very few cases of anthrax - however infection wth anthrax is a serious healh problem with a high fatality rate for GI & inhalational anthrax. ...Read more

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Where can anthrax still be found?

Where can anthrax still be found?

Soil/ mammals: Bacillus anthracis spores can be found in soil. Mammals can be impacted. Anthrax outbreaks in animals are more often seen in undeveloped nations. However, anthrax has been found on all continents (even antarctica!). ...Read more

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What are the symptoms for anthrax?

Flu-like symptoms: Anthrax causes fever, chills, body aches, swelling, and blackened skin ulcers at the area of exposure. ...Read more

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Is anthrax in the soil all around us?

Soil born spores: Anthrax spores are soil born. They can be ingested by herbivor mammals. These mammals can subsequently be eaten by carnivorous mammals. People can come in contact with infected hides or meat. Animal outbreaks are most often seen in undeveloped countries. ...Read more

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What are the ways to diagnose anthrax?

Id in smear/culture: Lab testing can identify the germ in blood smears/spinal fluid/abdominal fluid or from blood cultures. Specimines are obtained before abx & placed on appropriate media for growth & identification. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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What symptoms of anthrax are the most common?

Lung, skin, GI: Skin anthrax presents an ulcer and is the least dangerous. Gi anthrax causes bloody diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain etc.
Inhalational anthrax is the most serious and causes cough, blood sputum, fever, shortness of breath. Note that once symptoms of lung infection appear, treatment is usually not effective and infection causes rapid death! ...Read more

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How many different types of anthrax are there?

How many different types of anthrax are there?

1 germ/3-4 forms: There is one anthrax germ that produces human illness based on how it enters the body. Inhaled spores can produce pulmonary anthrax (terrorist act), eating raw meat or dairy from infected animals can produce mouth & throat or gastrointestinal anthrax.Spores that are scratched into the skin surface can produce a skin sore.See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how anthrax attack and spread ?

See below: Anthrax is a bacterial infection. The germs form spores and be present in soil or animal hides for years. Natural spread is through inhalation of spores with resulting pneumonia and high mortality. Skin infection occurs through abrasion in the skin. Eating undercooked meat of infected animals causes Castro-intestinal infection. See this site for more info.
http://www.cdc.gov/anthrax/ ...Read more

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How does the transmission of anthrax takes place?

Contact with spores: Anthrax is not spread person to person! it is know for its potential to be used in terrorism (2001) as dried spores sent thru the mail infected some people with pulmonary anthrax. You can get skin anthrax from contact with spores ( from soil) & you can get GI anthrax by eating raw meat or dairy from contaminated animals.
See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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What occurs if your body were exposed to anthrax?

Route of exposure: If anthrax spores are introduced into the skin, it causes a local sore and ulcer and mortality is limited. Eating contaminate meat causes gastro-intestinal infection with appreciable mortality. Inhalation of spores causes the most severe disease by affecting the lungs. See this site for more info.
http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax/. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Anthrax?

What is the definition or description of: Anthrax?

Anthrax: Bacillus microbe that is highly resistant to extreme environmental states. Commonly occurs in livestock industry and has military potential in a weaponized state. Leads to eschar formation on skin as large black area of dead flesh. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what number of people get anthrax in year?

What country & is: There an outbreak? Which form of anthrax? You can review this by country, year and anthrax type through cdc. For instance, btwn 1979 &1985 there were > 10, 000 case of anthrax (primarily cutaneous) in zimbabwe. To date there are 11 known cases of pulmonary anthrax in the us. The stats differ greatly depending on location, type and particular year. ...Read more

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What systems and or organs does the anthrax powder attack ?

Anthrax: What are the types of anthrax infection?
Anthrax infection can occur in three forms: cutaneous (skin), inhalation, and gastrointestinal. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about the rate at which anthrax kills a population?

Different forms of: Anthrax infection. Mortality rate for skin acquired untreated anthrax is 10 to 20 % but very low w antibiotic therapy. Mortality rate for inhalation anthrax is 50 to 90 % even w antibiotic therapy. Mortality rate for gastrointestinal anthrax is about 50 % w antibiotic therapy. If meningitis occurs w anthrax infection it is usually fatal. ...Read more

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Is anthrax always severe, or are there people who get mild or slight cases (and get well without ever knowing about anthrax)?

Is anthrax always severe, or are there people who get mild or slight cases (and get well without ever knowing about anthrax)?

Three types: Cutaneous, gastrointestinal and pulmonary are the three types in order of increasing deadliness. Skin lesions are the least serious and may heal, however, i would not wait for that as effective treatments are available. Even mild cases cause rather bad skin ulcers. ...Read more

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Why is anthrax so hard to kill?

Spores: Anthrax bacterial form spores with a thick coat and the spore form can remain dormant for years. ...Read more

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Is my hookah poisoned with anthrax?

Not likely: But using tobacco is a very bad idea. ...Read more

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How is anthrax spread? Is it contagious?

How is anthrax spread? Is it contagious?

Contact with spores: Anthrax is not spread person to person! as we saw in 2001, spores that were sent thru the mail as a terrorist act can be inhaled & cause pulmonary anthrax. Short of this exposure, spores can be ingested on contaminated (uncooked) food and cause infection from the base of the tongue thru the GI tract. It can also cause a painless sore on the skin. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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Who should be vaccinated against anthrax?

Military & lab work: People at risk for contracting anthrax should be immunized against it. Currently certain military personnel, people who work with anthrax in labs, people who work with imported animal hides or furs from areas of high levels of anthrax, and veterinarians working in areas (outside of usa) with high levels of anthrax. ...Read more

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What are the case fatality rates for the various forms of anthrax?

Depends on treatment: Cutaneous anthrax- 5-20% fatality if untreated; < 1% with antibiotics; inhalation anthrax-99% fatal if untreated; 45-80% fatal in pts with severe symptoms even if treated. ...Read more

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What is the best treatment for anthrax?

Anthrax Rx: The best treatment is Ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice a day for 5 days. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of anthrax poison?

Bacterial infection: Anthrax is a bacterial infection with three major types of manifestations, in order or severity, cutaneous, gastrointestinal and pulmonary. Pulmonary infection, once it becomes apparent as pneumonia is usually lethal. Gi type causes severe bloody diarrhea and skin forms presents as an ulcer with fever. ...Read more

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What to do if do about inhalation anthrax?

Antibiotics: Anthrax is treated with antibiotics. Mortality rate for inhalation anthrax is 50 to 90 % even w antibiotic therapy. ...Read more