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Doctor insights on: Hiv Virus Cell

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Is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus (htlv-1) contagious?

Is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus (htlv-1) contagious?

Yes: Both htlv-1 and htlv-2 are spread by sexual transmission, from mother to child, and by exposure to infective blood through transfusions and injection drug use. In this respect the virus is contagious. It does not appear it is transmitted in any other way. ...Read more

Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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Does the HIV virus infect the germ cell spermatozoa?

Does the HIV virus infect the germ cell spermatozoa?

Likely not.: It is most likely that the virus may be in the white blood cells within the seminal fluid. Whether they nonspecifically adhere to the sperm as many dna viruses do, is less clear. Regardless, many fertility programs around the world have developed ways to "wash" sperm from HIV positive men and have used it to make healthy babies. ...Read more

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Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

Yes: Hiv mutates in response to HIV therapy. If you're being treated without a complete response (partial suppression), the virus can mutate so it can replicate in the presence of the drugs. This usually happens in people who don't take their medications properly. They can then transmit the mutant virus to others. Spontaneous mutation (mutation independent of therapy) has not been a big problem. ...Read more

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Which type of cells does ebola virus infect?

Which type of cells does ebola virus infect?

Several types...: Ebola virus is the cause of a very serious form of hemorrhagic febrile illness that has a very high mortality rate. Ebola virus can infect several types of human cells. One of the most important of these is human lymphocytes. ...Read more

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Help docs, is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (htlv-1) contagious?

Help docs, is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (htlv-1) contagious?

Yes: The virus is present in blood and can be transmitted like HIV is transmitted. See this site for more info. http://www.htlv1.eu/htlv_one.html ...Read more

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Could positive epstein barr virus antibodies, with low lymphocyctes be lymphoma?

Not typically: Ebv antibodies indicate prior exposure, and most adults have positive antibodies. Acute ebv infection is mono, with high lymphocytes. Low lymphocyte counts can be due to viral infections or corticosteroid treatment, most commonly. Lymphoma would be unusual. ...Read more

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Can cunnilingus or fellatio transmit HPV (human papilloma virus) infections?

Can cunnilingus or fellatio transmit HPV (human papilloma virus) infections?

Yes to both but rare: The hpv virus is ubiquitous. But most of us, most of the time, are able to fight off its affects in terms of warts or precancerous changes of the cervix. That's just the preamble. Your question was about contracting it through cunnilingous or felatio. Yes it is possible but saliva, for the most part will kill the hpv. Never the less, there are increasing reports of oral/throat hpv. ...Read more

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How can one reduce the antibody counts for herpes simplex virus, rubella, cytomegalo virus?

How can one reduce the antibody counts for herpes simplex virus, rubella, cytomegalo virus?

No reason to: They are your immunity. CMV and rubella antibodies protect your unborn child. I'm sorry someone confused you. Best wishes. ...Read more

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Does epstein barr virus make a herpes test positive since the EBV is a herpes simplex virus?

Does epstein barr virus make a herpes test positive since the EBV is a herpes simplex virus?

No: They are separate viruses that stimulate the production of different antibodies that do not cross react. ...Read more

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What cells does hepatitis C virus attack?

What cells does hepatitis C virus attack?

Hepatocytes: Hepatic cells, or hepatocytes, are the cells that hepatitis c virus attacks. ...Read more

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Can menstrual blood by itself transmit HSV (herpes simplex virus)?

Can menstrual blood by itself transmit HSV (herpes simplex virus)?

Indirect: Hsv lives in nerve cells and skin/mucosa (body surfaces). The virus doesn't really live in the bloodstream and would not survive long outside the body in drops of menstrual blood. However, menstrual blood can still contain other dangerous live viruses, including HIV and hepatitis, so it is always best to avoid direct contact with anyone else's blood (menstrual or otherwise). ...Read more

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What type of cell does herpesviridae (herpesvirus) infect in humans?

What type of cell does herpesviridae (herpesvirus) infect in humans?

Skin cells: The herpes virus comes in 2 types: herpes simplex (hsv) 1&2. Antibodies (igg) to both viruses can be tested to see if you have lasting immunity and (igm) short-term antibodies check to see if you have had a recent infection. Unfortunately the igg levels can not tell how long ago you were exposed. Also herpes 1 & 2 viruses can cause either oral or genital herpes. Hope that helps. ...Read more

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Is HIV virus in smegma?

HIV: Hiv is present in nearly all bodily fluids, but am not sure whether smegma has been specifically tested. There is no reason why it should not be present. ...Read more

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How did human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) evolve?

Evolution: It came from a simian precursor transmitted to humans by one of several mechanisms. This virus mutates continuously and the form to which it mutates which is best capable of surviving under the circumstances is the one which will be reproduced and multiply within infected cells. Unless of course you are a creationist. ...Read more

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Test for or infection with human immunodeficiency virus hiv?

HIV testing: There are several HIV tests. We usually check what is called an elisa blood/oral test. It's very sensitive & specific but misses early, early infection (<15-20 days). In us we confirm a + elisa w/a test called a western blot (looks for HIV specific proteins). Other countries just use elisa x2. For acute HIV infection we measure viral RNA in blood. Can be falsely + so needs expert evaluation. ...Read more

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The human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infects helper t cells. What is the role of these cells?

The human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infects helper t cells. What is the role of these cells?

Cellular immunity: These are cells that work as part of the cellular immune system, fighting certain fungal (e.g. Cryptococcus), viral (e.g. Herpesviruses), parastic (e.g. Toxoplasma), and bacterial (e.g. Tuberulosis) infections. The cellular immune system also helps to prevent certain cancers, such as lymphomas. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,504 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more


Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more