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Doctor insights on: Hiv Viral Replication

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Dr. Thomas Fiala
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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Is viral hepatitis spred by kissing?

Is viral hepatitis spred by kissing?

No: Unless you both happen to be bleeding at the same time, or it is a non traditional virus like epstein barr (mono). ...Read more

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Is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus (htlv-1) contagious?

Is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus (htlv-1) contagious?

Yes: Both htlv-1 and htlv-2 are spread by sexual transmission, from mother to child, and by exposure to infective blood through transfusions and injection drug use. In this respect the virus is contagious. It does not appear it is transmitted in any other way. ...Read more

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How can one reduce the antibody counts for herpes simplex virus, rubella, cytomegalo virus?

How can one reduce the antibody counts for herpes simplex virus, rubella, cytomegalo virus?

No reason to: They are your immunity. CMV and rubella antibodies protect your unborn child. I'm sorry someone confused you. Best wishes. ...Read more

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Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

Yes: Hiv mutates in response to HIV therapy. If you're being treated without a complete response (partial suppression), the virus can mutate so it can replicate in the presence of the drugs. This usually happens in people who don't take their medications properly. They can then transmit the mutant virus to others. Spontaneous mutation (mutation independent of therapy) has not been a big problem. ...Read more

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Does the eb virus cause infectious mononucleosis?

Does the eb virus cause infectious mononucleosis?

Yes: The epstein barr virus (ebv) causes mononucleosis. After infection, it stays in the body for life. If the infection occurs in early childhood, the illness will be similar to the common cold. Most people have been infected by the ebv virus by the time they reach adulthood. ...Read more

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Is viral hepatitis a contagious illness?

Is viral hepatitis a contagious illness?

Yes: Types a and e are spread fecal-orally. B, c, and d spread thru blood and body fluids. ...Read more

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What is CMV viral load negative?

What is CMV viral load negative?

No CMV: It means you do not currently have cmv. CMV is a virus. ...Read more

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Can hepatitis virus infection interfere the progression of HIV disease?

Can hepatitis virus infection interfere the progression of HIV disease?

Yes: Co infection with hepatitis b or hepatitis c ( that is having HIV and either of the above) is documented to generally result in further progression of both diseases. Therefore, patients with either illnesses must be screened to rule out co infection... Treatment is encouraged for both viral illnesses. New treatments are available for hepatitis c. ...Read more

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Does viral hepatitis C kill?

It can: Persons with chronic hepatitis c can develop cirrhosis and liver cancer especially in those with concomitant alcohol abuse. Most of those infected however when they die, die with the virus, not from the virus. ...Read more

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Will antibiotics work against west nile virus?

Will antibiotics work against west nile virus?

Not yet: No antibiotics are approved for use against west nile virus. Attempts at using ribavirin, immunoglobulins & interferons to treat wnv patients have been inconclusive. Numerous new medications are in development now. Fortunately 80-90% of people who are infected with wnv have no symptoms or disease. The elderly are at highest risk. Severe wnv infections have decreased in the past 10 years. ...Read more

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Does the HIV virus infect the germ cell spermatozoa?

Does the HIV virus infect the germ cell spermatozoa?

Likely not.: It is most likely that the virus may be in the white blood cells within the seminal fluid. Whether they nonspecifically adhere to the sperm as many dna viruses do, is less clear. Regardless, many fertility programs around the world have developed ways to "wash" sperm from HIV positive men and have used it to make healthy babies. ...Read more

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Can kissing spread viral tonsillitis?

Can kissing spread viral tonsillitis?

Yes: Any active viral illness may shed contagious particles in the saliva.Those causing tonsillitis are usually acquired through some chance contact with such material. ...Read more

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Lifespan of varicella zoster virus?

Lifespan of varicella zoster virus?

Lifetime: As long as you live, the virus stays with you mostly in dormant stage and occasionally flares up. ...Read more

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Is hep a more contagious than HIV virus?

Is hep a more contagious than  HIV virus?

Comparison?: The two diseases are transmitted very differently. Hep a by the fecal-oral route and HIV only by very intimate contact through blood, semen, other body secretions directly. Impossible to quantify comparatively. ...Read more

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Viral pneumonitis contagious?

Viral pneumonitis contagious?

Pneumonia : Can be. Flu can cause viral pneumonitis which is contagious. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,509 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more