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Doctor insights on: Hiv 1 Gp41 Envelope Genotype

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Dr. Katharine Cox
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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What is HIV 1 and how does one get it?

What is HIV 1 and how does one get it?

It is HIV: Hiv is human immunodeficiency virus--type 1 or 2...Does not matter which type...It is transmitted via sexual/vaginal/anal intercourses, needle sticks/sharing, and mom-child transmission during pregnancy/birth (vertical transmission)...Kissing and simple touching does not transmit the disease... ...Read more

Dr. Jessica Allan Dr. Allan
<b>2</b> doctors agreed:
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Living with HIV (Checklist)

Find a doctor specializing in HIV treatment
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Lifestyel modification, less stress, eat healthy, exercise, condoms
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Oral sex with unknown, continuous 5month low grade fever, lymph nodes, sore throat, 107 da HIV eia negative HIV PCR RNA not detected, what other std?

Oral sex with unknown, continuous 5month low grade fever, lymph nodes, sore throat, 107 da HIV eia negative HIV PCR RNA not detected, what other std?

NOT STD: As you have been told this is not an STD. But, it could be an infectious disease. That list is hundreds of possibilities long and will include testing for lymphoma, leukemia, other blood cell cancers, and all of the possible non-STD infectious diseases. It is time to sign off of the internet and to see your doctor for the appropriate testing or infectious disease consultation. ...Read more

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I'm hebs ag negative with a high anti hbs antibody from vaccination. This week's test was reported as hebs ag detected with anti hbs antibody of 513 miu/ml. Lft normal....Scared....Lab error?

I'm hebs ag negative with a high anti hbs antibody from vaccination.  This week's test was reported as hebs ag detected with anti hbs antibody of 513 miu/ml. Lft normal....Scared....Lab error?

Yes: That sounds like lab error. Your hbsab would provide immunity; i'm assuming yoru hbcab (core) is negative; i wouldn't worry, talk to your doctor about a retest if you are concerned, but even if you were infected, there is no reason for treatment at this time. ...Read more

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Caring for an Elderly Loved One (Checklist)

Check your loved one's balance
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Remove obstructions that could cause falls
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Organize medications
monthly
Add railings for support
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05/05/2016 Siemens Advia Centaur hep C antibody result positive.08/10/2016 Abbott Architect (cmia) hep C antibody result negative.Who is telling truth?

05/05/2016 Siemens Advia Centaur hep C antibody result positive.08/10/2016 Abbott Architect (cmia) hep C antibody result negative.Who is telling truth?

It's not really: a question of truth telling. No test is perfect: the proteins and reactants used in each test will respond to an individual's blood/biologic material, potentially, in a different way. Falsely positive or falsely negative results are not very unusual. You need to decide on a confirmatory strategy with your doctor. Retesting is necessary and an expert can help you weigh the evidence to decide result ...Read more

Dr. Jeffrey Unger Dr. Unger
<b>2</b> doctors agreed:
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Living with Type 1 Diabetes (Checklist)

Check your blood glucose 2 hours before and 2 hours after eating
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Check with your doctor if your post-meal glucose is lower than your pre-meal glucose, as you may have hypoglycemia
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Consider using a continuous sensor if you do not feel hypoglycemia symptoms
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Use insulin pumps, as they can minimize your risk of hypoglycemia
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Results: Hep C quant. : 2,802,680 HCV log10: 6.448. Reflex to genotype was unable to determine genotype even though there was sufficient HCV RNA?

Results: Hep C quant. : 2,802,680 
HCV log10: 6.448. Reflex to genotype was unable to determine genotype even though there was sufficient HCV RNA?

Hepatitis C virus: Sometimes it's not possible to determine the genotype of this virus, which thus makes the expected response to treatment more uncertain. This is a 'slippery virus' -there are 11 major genotypes (designated 1-11), and many subtypes (a, b, c, etc.) A hepatologist (GI subspecialist) or an ID doctor who works with Hep C patients can help you. You'll need an established relationship for treatment... ...Read more

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I'm a hept b carrier. Recent blood test shows hbe ag reactive. What does it mean?

I'm a hept b carrier. 
Recent blood test shows hbe ag reactive. 
What does it mean?

You are infecitous: Having the "e" antigen on board in your blood is a marker that your blood is especially dangerous to others. This is true of some other body fluids as well. Make your decisions accordingly, be responsible, take medicines if your physician suggests it, and perhaps someday we will have a way to cure this. ...Read more

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HC worker. 1992 Hep B vac, 2004 titer & booster. 2012 labs hep B neg. Labs done last wk; now told that Hep B test is positive?? How can this be?

HC worker. 1992 Hep B vac, 2004 titer & booster. 2012 labs hep B neg. Labs done last wk; now told that Hep B test is positive?? How can this be?

The vaccine worked: Lab tests aren't perfect and sometimes can be wrong. Or maybe the negative result was from the wrong kind of test. Vaccination makes hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) positive. Tests for surface antigen (HBsAg) or core antibody (HBcAb) remain negative. Most important, you can be sure you are immune and protected by the vaccine -- so no worries. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how hiv-1 and hiv-2 differ?

Can you please tell me how hiv-1 and hiv-2 differ?

Geography: Hiv-2 is found mostly in west africa or in people who come from west africa. It's similar to hiv-1, but may progress more slowly to aids. There are also some drugs, particularly nnrtis, that don't work against hiv-2. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about hiv-1 protease inhibitor?

Can you tell me about hiv-1 protease inhibitor?

See below: Please consult this site for information on this topic. http://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/protease-inhibitors-pis-for-hiv ...Read more

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What risk assessments tests to do with smoldering multiple myloma pls tel me is it smoldering myloma when m spike is below 1 but 14 percent plasma cel?

What risk assessments tests to do with smoldering multiple myloma pls tel me is it smoldering myloma when m spike is below 1 but 14 percent plasma cel?

Regular follow-up: Smoldering myeloma is a pre-malignant condition with about 10% people developing myeloma/year. You correctly defined your condition as smoldering myeloma. There is need to do repeated blood tests every 6-12 months. Please follow you doctor's advice. ...Read more

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What is HIV ab, HIV 1/2, eia with reflexes? I had blood work done. Did they test for antibodies and the virus?

What is HIV ab, HIV 1/2, eia with reflexes? I had blood work done. Did they test for antibodies and the virus?

Antibody test HIV: It is a test for the two main types of HIV antibody (ab), types 1 and 2. Eia is the primary test method that is inexpensive, but it occasionally has false positive result, so there is a reflex test (automatic confirmation test) using a more expensive but more trustworthy test (immunoblot) to make very sure that the eia test result really is positive. There is a pcr test to detect HIV itself. ...Read more

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For 58+ F, Hb 10.8, RBC 3.66, PCV 34, MCV 94, MCHC 31, WBC 5.4, Pt 1.8, Iron 57, TIBC 255, TSI 22, RC 1.2, Ferritin 83 indicate which type of anemia ?

For 58+ F, Hb 10.8, RBC 3.66, PCV 34, MCV 94, MCHC 31, WBC 5.4, Pt 1.8, Iron 57, TIBC 255, TSI 22, RC 1.2, Ferritin 83 indicate which type of anemia ?

Mild anemia: Assuming you've had no recent bleeding episodes, these findings could be seen in mild/early anemia of chronic disease. Hgb and Hct are only boarder line low, and iron panel appears within the reference range. Even something as simple as a particularly heavy period could cause mild anemia of this type, though. If you have a chronic medical illness, it could cause this type of anemia. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,509 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more