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Doctor insights on: High Blood Pressure

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What are the tests for chronic high blood pressure?

What are the tests for chronic high blood pressure?

A few blood tests: In addition to monitoring your blood pressure, you should have your cholesterol and blood sugar checked as high cholesterol and diabetes go along with high blood pressure often. Kidney function should also be monitored over time. A baseline ekg is helpful as well. An echocardiogram may be needed later in life to evaluate for heart failure. ...Read more

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Dr. Gregory Moneta
320 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Definition)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to ...Read more


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What causes high blood pressure?

What causes high blood pressure?

Genetics/lifestyle: More than 90% of HTN is essential (primary) in nature. This implies that it occurs on its own. The remaining 5-10% is secondary htn, which means another primary medical problem is driving the high BP (example renovascular, endocrine, catecholamine-induced, sleep apnea). Essential HTN usually based on increased vasoconstriction. This is made worse by obesity, salt/alcohol intake, sedentary, . ...Read more

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What is hypertension?

What is hypertension?

Elevated BP: Hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90 (either value). Normal BP is considered 120/80 with pre-hypertension as 120-140/80-90. For pre-hypertension recommendations include improved diet (low salt) and exercise with consideration of an anti-hypertensive medication. Hypertension can lead to problems such as heart attack and stroke and usually does not cause any symptoms. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of hypertension?

None: Usually none; that's why it's a silent killer. If it is very severe it sometimes causes a headache, vision and neurological changes. ...Read more

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What causes hypertension?

What causes hypertension?

Many Factors: Hypertension can be secondary due to conditions in cardiovascular system like coarctation of aorta, adrenals or kidneys and renovascular(from renal artery stenosis) or it may be primary also called essential which may be due to genetic predisposition and made worse by life style like obesity, high salt intake, lack of exercise and smoking. ...Read more

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What can you do to treat high blood pressure?

Lifestyle, meds: Lifestyle changes can lower blood pressure a lot: limiting sodium intake in the diet (2 grams per day), losing weight (sometimes even 7-10 lbs) and exercising regularly (30+ minutes of brisk walking or equivalent, per day). One can often lower blood pressure by 10 or more systolic, and 5 or more diastolic points this way. Numerous classes of medications lower BP by targeting different pathways. ...Read more

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Sometimes if i eat something high in sodium i will get a headache. I am nervous. Does this mean high blood pressure ?

No necessarily: Just get your blood pressure checked during ytour symptoms. It makes sense to limit your sodium intake since it makes you feel well, and may increase your risks for other health issues. ...Read more

Dr. Debra Rosenblatt
7 doctors shared insights

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) (Definition)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure (top number) and a diastolic blood pressure (bottom number). The systolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the artery when the heart is at maximum contraction. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the artery when the heart is at maximum relaxation. Ideal blood pressure is 120/80 or lower. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is 140/90 or higher. ...Read more


Dr. Dariush Saghafi
2 doctors shared insights

Blood Pressure (Definition)

Blood pressure is a measurement of the force placed on the blood vessels and is comprised of the "systolic" pressure (the top number on a blood pressure meter) which is the peak pressure when the heart is pumping, and the "diastolic" pressure (the bottom number on a blood pressure meter) which is the pressure during the resting phase ...Read more