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Doctor insights on: Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Complications

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Is heart valve replacement surgery successful?

Is heart valve replacement surgery successful?

Yes: But, it depends on the diagnosis and indication for the procedure, as well as the experience of the cv surgeon. ...Read more

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Dr. William Singer
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Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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What patients need heart valve replacement surgery?

What patients need heart valve replacement surgery?

Stenotic or leaking: Any of the four heart valves can have congenital or acquired diseases. As they worsen clinically, as followed by echocardiogram or cath surgery will be considered and all risks and benefit chances reviewed mitral can frequently be opened or repaired depending on the surgical findings. Aortic generally can't be repaired or just opened except in kids. Replacement by biologic or mechanical valve. ...Read more

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Complications from having open heart surgery and getting aortic valve replacement?

Complications from having open heart surgery and getting aortic valve replacement?

There are several: The complications of aortic valve replacement include bleeding, blood transfusions, stroke, infection, renal failure, reoperation, atrial fibrillation and death. Therre are more as well. Fortunately the risks of aortic valve surgery are relatively small for most patients. The exact risks vary from patient to patient. The average risk of death is about 1-2% for most aortic valve replacements. ...Read more

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Bypass heart surgery risks?

Bypass heart surgery risks?

Many but uncommon: Bypass surgery is major surgery. There are risks although the majority of patients don't get them or at most one. Rhythm disturbances, bleeding, and infection are the commonest. Congestive failure, collapsed lung, torn sternal wire from coughing occasionally occur. Nerve damage, stroke, heart attack, death are rare but sometimes occur (<1-2% generally). ...Read more

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Which percentage of mitral valve regurgitation patients require valve repair or replacement surgery?

Which percentage of mitral valve regurgitation patients require valve repair or replacement surgery?

Depends: It depends on the severity of the mr patients have and what their ages are. If you take the general usa population, all adults over age 21, some degree of mr is present in >80% (most of it trivial or very mild). Among that unselected group. ...Read more

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Is tricuspid valve surgery open heart?

Is tricuspid valve surgery open heart?

Yes: It's an open heart surgery in order to replace the valve or repair it with a ring. There are no good percutaneous options at the moment. ...Read more

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Information/experiences with pulmonary valve replacement risks?

Information/experiences with pulmonary valve replacement risks?

Indication?: Assuming an adult patient, it would be important to determine if replacement is truly necessary. If the valve is very tight and creating right heart failure or low output syndrome (quite rare), valvuloplasty or removal without replacement may suffice. If the valve is infected, other complications may be present. Best left to the attending cardiologist and consulting surgeon. ...Read more

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Information with pulmonary valve replacement surgery please?

Information with pulmonary valve replacement surgery please?

Indication?: Assuming an adult patient, it would be important to determine if replacement is truly necessary. If the valve is very tight and creating right heart failure or low output syndrome (quite rare), valvuloplasty or removal without replacement may suffice. If the valve is infected, other complications may be present. Best left to the attending cardiologist and consulting surgeon. ...Read more

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Is bicuspid aortiic valve replacement like mitral valve replacement?

Is bicuspid aortiic valve replacement like mitral valve replacement?

NO.: Aortic valve replacement in a patient with a bicuspid aortic valve may require repair of an ascending aortic aneurysm if present. Although valves are sewn in place the same, the location is totally different with particular anatomic differences. The mitral closes in systole and the aortic valve in diastole. For the mitral need to actually open the heart. For the aortic its done thru the aorta. ...Read more

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Is the heart valve replacement procedure particularly dangerous?

No, some risks exist: Like any invasive surgical procedure there are risks: infection<2%, stroke < 1%, death<.5%; these numbers can vary depending on degree of co-existing illness in patient. Many of these procedures have been performed, you can obtain success data on a given physician. In every case, a risk/benefit calculation must be analyzed. ...Read more

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Does minimal-access aortic valve replacement reduce the incidence of postoperative complications?

Not proven (yet): Minimally-invasive heart surgery, including for aortic valve replacement, has not been proven to reduce postoperative complications in randomized studies of both approaches. The one important exception is postoperative pain and immobility; the minimally-invasive approach allows patients, on average, to be pain-free sooner, and become active and return to work, quicker. ...Read more

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Is the aortic valve operation dangerous?

Major surgery: It's a major operation. Survival is >98% in most series. Other premorbid medical conditions like previous stroke, COPD or kidney disease increases the risk. General good health and younger age lower the risk. ...Read more

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Is Mitral Valvuloplasty effective than surgery for treating mitral valve stenosis due to rheumatic heart disease?will size decrease again after ?

Is Mitral Valvuloplasty  effective than surgery for treating mitral valve stenosis due to rheumatic heart disease?will size decrease again after ?

Can be: Balloon mitral valvuloplasty can be an effective treatment for rheumatic mitral stenosis. Several parameters are first assessed including degree of calcification and immobility of the valve leaflets, degree of mitral regurgitation (leakiness), etc. A thoughtful cardiologist can guide you through that algorithm to determine if this may be the correct choice. ...Read more

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Recovery of cardiac bypass compared to aortic valve replacement, what to do?

Recovery of cardiac bypass compared to aortic valve replacement, what to do?

About the same: A lot depends on the approach used. It is now possible to due endovascular aortic valve replacement which has minimal recovery time. Coronary bypass can be done in a traditional or minimally invasive approach. Recovery is based on the approach and extent of the operation. Expect 6 - 8 weeks for complete recovery. ...Read more

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What will happen in aortic valve replacement surgery?

Aortic valve: Chest opened, tubes inserted intto heart connecting to bypass machine to replace the function of the heart while it is temporarily stopped. The heart is stopped, and blood prevented from entering the main blood pipe (the aorta), the aorta is opened, the old valve is cut out, an artificial valve is sewn in, the aorta is emptied of air on closure, the heart is restarted, tubes out, chest closed. ...Read more

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Is CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) an open heart surgery or closed heart surgery?

Is CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) an open heart surgery or closed heart surgery?

Not necessarily: A CABG if done without cardiopulmonary bypass (cpb) does not require the heart to be opened, however most cabgs are done with cpb requires cannula placement in the heart. However, most people consider any surgery on the heart where the chest is opened open heart surgery. ...Read more

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Is tvar aorta valve replacement as effective as open heart surgery?

Is tvar aorta valve replacement as effective as open heart surgery?

Depends: This is a relatively new way of repairing an aortic valve. While more and more data is coming out in regards to less invasive techniques this is still mostly reserved for those who aren't candidates for open heart surgery and have symptomatic aortic valve stenosis. It does help people but it doesn't replace open heart techniques for those who can undergo surgery. ...Read more

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Need valve replacement surgery soon. What are risks?

Need valve replacement surgery soon. What are risks?

Valve replacement: The risks for valve replacement surgery are similar to but slightly higher than for bypass surgery. Usually before surgery you will have a heart catheterization to evaluate for any coronary disease. After that your surgeon can discuss with you the risks on the basis of which valve needs replacement, any vascular disease and how well your heart pumps. ...Read more