Doctor insights on:
Heart Disease Runs
Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more
What is the relationship between coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease and ischemic heart disease?
In large part, no.: There are inherited factors that will make a person at high risk for heart disease (atherosclerotic disease). These include abnormal cholesterol profile, diabetes mellitus, family history of heart disease at young age, essential hypertension. So-called environmental factors, such as smoking, obesity, chronic stress, are also important. Aging starts in your twenties. Start a healthy lifestyle today. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Continuum: Coronary disease develops from our lifestyle and as we age real blockage develops in some or all coronary vessels. One or more plaques disrupt and obstruct. If adequate collateral pathways exist may just vagus transient angina or pain. Angina is pain without damage. If not adequate flow, or collateral, acute myocardial infarction- heart attack occurs and that is "damage". Heart failure may follow. ...Read more
Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the relationship between coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, and ischemic heart disease?
All related: Ischemic heart disease is caused by coronary artery disease. Some people call coronary artery disease coronary heart disease. When a coronary artery closes up, the heart tissie it supplied may die and that is called a heart attack. The dead heart tissue scars down, when there is a lot of damaged tissue the heart may start failing and that is called ischemic heart disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Coronary disease/CAD: CAD can lead to weakened or poorly functioning heart muscle. The mitral valve is anchored to that muscle and will leak if CAD is severe enough. Rheumatic heart disease can lead to valve stenosis due to calcification, but has become less likely in the era of antibiotics. Also, being born with a bicuspid aortic valve (normally 3 cusps) can lead to calcification and narrowing at 50-60 years of age. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes.: Coronary heart disease can be serious. However, with modern understanding it can be managed. Drugs like Aspirin can reduce heart attack. Additionally drugs like Plavix (clopidogrel) have been shown to decrease this further. Statin medications can reduce risk for rupture of the plaque which is the precursor step for a sudden heart attack. Additional medications are also helpful in reducing the impact of cad. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cause: The symptoms will feel the same but the cause could be quite different. When the heart is not getting enough blood, it relaxes poorly after each heart beat. This can cause shortness of breath. In advanced stages, blocked heart arteries cause heart damage, pumping dysfunction, and heart failure. Valve disease can cause relaxation problems and heart damage as well despite normal circulation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Age @ time of dx: Premature basically refers to manifestation of coronary disease and/ or it's diagnosis before age 55 in men and pre-menopausal women. ...Read more
Close: The way i define it is that cardiovascular disease refers to the present of plaque (arterial disease) in the arteries of the heart. Ischemic heart disease means that the disease in the arteries has now decreased the blood flow to the heart and is affecting how it functions. Ischemic heart disease is a subset of cardiovascular disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Generally yes: With aging, other factors become superimposed such as onset of coronary disease, hypertension, and senescent changes in diastolic function. Moreover, the involved valve itself may gradually deteriorate. The net effect is often progressive worsening but this may not be noticed since people tend to slow down and do less activity as they age. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer