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Doctor insights on: Healing Heal Lungs Emphysema

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Dr. Mark Pack
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Copd (Definition)

COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more


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How long can someone expect to live with emphysema lung disease without treatment?

How long can someone expect to live with emphysema lung disease without treatment?

Depends on how bad: That depends a lot on how severe the emphysema is, whether you are still smoking, whether you have symptoms of shortness of breath or coughing or wheezing, etc. Some people do just fine without treatment. Others, depending on the above factors, definitely need treatment.

There are great treatments for emphysema, and they can help you feel better and breathe better. ...Read more

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My lungs are damaged from cancer treatment 12 years ago, Been smoking cigs for 9, my asthma treatment has not been helping lately could it be copd?

My lungs are damaged from cancer treatment 12 years ago, Been smoking cigs for 9, my asthma treatment has not been helping lately could it be copd?

Lung damage: Why are doing this to yourself? You know the answer perfectly. Smoking is not the answer to anything and it will worsen your asthma, lung damage, restriction or copd. Whatever you want to call it. ...Read more

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What is the longest time you can live with stage 111 lung cancer and no treatment. Had a lobectomy in April this year. Also have COPD too.?

What is the longest time you can live with stage 111 lung cancer and no treatment. Had a lobectomy in April this year. Also have COPD too.?

God only knows: That is a question that no doctor or anyone else can answer for you. There are averages but the best thing is to speak to your oncologist. Also read DrAtul Gwande's book "Being Mortal". ...Read more

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Are my lungs inflamed when I have emphysema?

Are my lungs inflamed when I have emphysema?

No: In emphysema inflammation is practically non existent as opposed to chronic bronchitis where inflammation results in chronic mucus production. ...Read more

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Emphysema both lungs...What should I do?

Stop smoking: If you smoke, you must quit asap. See your provider to get lung function tests and start on medications to make your breathing easier. Get the pneumonia and influenza vaccines. See about a pulmonary rehab program if breathing is interfering with normal activity. ...Read more

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What do emphysema and sarcoidosis lungs look like?

What do emphysema and sarcoidosis lungs look like?

Not pretty: Emphysema lungs are large and have many distended air sacks. It is commonly called "smokers lung" and the lungs look as in the picture. Sarcoidosis, though, rarely can have "emphysematous changes", . For the most part, it is associated with scarring of the lungs as well as large lymph nodes in between the lungs. ...Read more

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What do the lungs look like when a patient has emphysema?

What do the lungs look like when a patient has emphysema?

Depends on severity: Autopsy specimen of patients with advanced emphysema shows blackened lungs with punch out holes, like swiss cheese because of destruction of lung parenchyma and large holes formation because of collapse of lung alveoli and formation of blebs and bullous cavity. However, this is the end stage disease. ...Read more

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Why does emphysema keep progressing even if you stop exposing your lungs to irritants such as tobacco smoke?

Why does emphysema keep progressing even if you stop exposing your lungs to irritants such as tobacco smoke?

I don't imagine you: Are talking about yourself, at least I hope not at 22 y.o. Lung function diminishes with age, and even more so in smokers. If a smoker with emphysema stops smoking, the lung function will stabilize, but depending on their age, it will deteriorate as they get older, particularly if there is a lot of air pollution, environmental exposure to other toxins, or a hereditary predisposition to emphysema ...Read more

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I am 45 and just got told I have emphysema. If I stop all smoking now of anything can I get my lungs somewhat back to normal so I don't die at 55?

I am 45 and just got told I have emphysema. If I stop all smoking now of anything can I get my lungs somewhat back to normal so I don't die at 55?

Wonderful idea!: In 10 years your risk of cardiac disease drops down to as never smoked. Stopping now will prevent further lung damage and allow your lungs to heal and regenerate, but some damage may be permanent at this point. The risk of lung cancer decreases about 50% after 10 years of cessation of smoking. It can only help you. Please seek help from dr.

http://www. Cdc. Gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/quit-smoking/ ...Read more

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What are the reasons I might be ineligible for lung reduction surgery for emphysema?

What are the reasons I might be ineligible for lung reduction surgery for emphysema?

There are many: There are strict criteria for someone to be eligible for lung volume reduction surgery. The best approach is to seek the opinion of a board certified thoracic surgeon. ...Read more

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Are my lungs tissues destroyed with emphysema?

Yes: Emphysema is destruction of lung tissue, most often due to smoking. And once the tissue is gone, it is gone, unfortunately. So, if you are smoking, stop. ...Read more

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Why would removing part of my lungs help my emphysema?

Why would removing part of my lungs help my emphysema?

Maybe: Lung volume reduction surgery or lvrs is for patients with chronic emphysema. Emphysema is loss of the elasticity of the lung tissue, with ballooning or air trapping. Lvrs removes the bad lung tissue, and allows the good lung tissue to take over. Lvrs can be life saving in patients with poor function and emphysema in the upper part of the lung. Lvrs is now performed minimally invasively. ...Read more

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How bad could my emphysema be if it only affects the top part of my lungs?

Look at your PFT: The lung function test or pft is the more relevant measure of the degree of damage caused by emphysema. Two numbers to look at: fev1 and dlco. The lower these numbers, the worse the condition. ...Read more

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Can you please explain why decreased lung compliance is seen in emphysema?

Can you please explain why decreased lung compliance is seen in emphysema?

Other way around: Actually, lung compliance in increased in emphysema. Compliance of the lung is how "stretchy" the lung is. The more compliant the lung is, the more "stretchy" it is. In emphysema, the lung has been destroyed by smoking (most often), and thus it is more "stretchy" and can fill with air more easily.

Conditions which cause decreased lung compliance include fibrosis (scarring) and heart failure. ...Read more

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Taking inhalers for emphysema once a day. How long can I take this before lungs become immune to medicine?

Taking inhalers for emphysema once a day. How long can I take this before lungs become immune to medicine?

They usually don"t: The once daily inhaler for emphysema is spiriva, you don't become immune or cease to respond to it. The newer once daily is arcapta; it is too new for any data on this but it belongs to a class of medicines to which you body may become accustomed to. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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What happens if you have emphysema, can you still use nicotine inhalers or does this still damage your lungs?

What happens if you have emphysema, can you still use nicotine inhalers or does this still damage your lungs?

No: Although you may have more trouble with cough after using the inhaler. It is NOT nicotine that causes damage to the lungs, it is the other substances in tobacco smoke - "tars" are organic compunds produced by tobacco combustion, plus things like carbon monoxide, formaldehyde and many other additives, flavorings, preservatives etc. I would recommend the nicotine lozenges instead to avoid cough. ...Read more

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My husband has been diagnosed with emphysema. His lung capacity is at 40%. Is this severe emphysema and how will it affect his life?

Depends: It really depends on which number is 40%. There are several ratios that are on a lung function test. If the fev1 number if 40% of normal, then that is severe emphysema.

How it will affect his life depends on how his symptoms are. If he is not very short of breath, then it may not affect him at all. It really depends on his functional ability. Would go see a lung specialist. ...Read more

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My mum's got emphysema, been in hosp 4 2 wks, prognosis is 2 clots on her lungs & a hole in lungs, she's 67, could she recover & live much longer?

My mum's got emphysema, been in hosp 4 2 wks, prognosis is 2 clots on her lungs & a hole in lungs, she's 67, could she recover & live much longer?

Emphysema: Yes. Sounds like she has a pe (clot in lung) and emphysema (hole in lung). Clot can be treated with blood thinners and emphysema with inhalers/oral medications. If she is smoking, this will increase rate of decline& frequency of flares from her lung disease in addition to increasing risk for developing various cancers/ heart disease/ and future clots! ...Read more

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Would a lung X-ray show if someone had emphysema?

Would a lung X-ray show if someone had emphysema?

Not always: There are certain characteristic (e.g. Hyperinflated lungs) which a doctor may see on chest x-ray of a patient with emphysema, but not always. Clinical history and pft/spirometry are usually needed to make the diagnosis. ...Read more

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Could I get a lung transplant for emphysema?

Could I get a lung transplant for emphysema?

Yes: It depends on the severity of your emphysema. There are other options as well like lung volume reduction surgery that you may be a good candidate for. Either way you need to be evaluated by a team of doctors that specialize in treating this type of conditions. Your doctor can refer you to an appropriate lung specialist who can discuss all options with you. ...Read more

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If I have emphysema, could I get a lung transplant?

If I have emphysema, could I get a lung transplant?

Criteria...: There are specific criteria for lung transplant. If you meet the criteria, you would then be deemed eligible. You would need to be evaluated by a transplant center to see if you qualify. Since organs are not readily available, the criteria are quite strict, including smoking cessation. See your doctor to discuss this and to proceed with referral, if it is thought that you qualify. ...Read more

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I stopped smoking five months ago due to emphysema of the upper lungs. Why does my breathing seem to be getting worse?

I stopped smoking five months ago due to emphysema of the upper lungs. Why does my breathing seem to be getting worse?

Worsening copd?: Patients have told me that they experience cough for a few weeks after they quit smoking. It is not common for that to last for more then 1-2 months. It is possible that COPD is worsening or there is something else going on. Recommend following up with your physician. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of lung cancer compared to emphysema?

Cough: Emphysema typically causes breathlessness with exertion. Cancer is silent at first, but later can cause persistent cough or even coughing up blood. Chest pain that is persistent may occur. Emphysema generally doesn't cause much coughing, unlike chronic bronchitis which often occurs in combination (copd). ...Read more

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What are some of the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

What are some of the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

Varies: Common symptoms of emphysema include cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath. The problem with lung cancer is...many times, there are no symptoms (like coughing up blood) until it is too late. That is why lung cancer is so deadly.

And that is why smoking, which causes lung cancer, is so harmful. ...Read more

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Need expert help here. What are the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

Need expert help here. What are the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

Cough/chest pain: Symtoms are non specific and include cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing up blood, weight loss to name a few. A medical evaluation including radiography (chest x-ray ad possible ct), pfts and physical assessment. ...Read more

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I have clubbed fingernails and emphysema. My dr. Saw spots on my lungs. Could it be cancer?

I have clubbed fingernails and emphysema. My dr. Saw spots on my lungs. Could it be cancer?

Possibly: Clubbing can be related to many pulmonary conditions, including emphysema and cancer. What is obviously concerning is that your doctor saw 'spots' on your lungs (by an xray I would presume). You need to make sure that you are scheduled for further work up soon. And you need to STOP SMOKING! It's the best thing you can do for your body. ...Read more

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What's the lung condition cure rate for a 74 year old man who has emphysema?

What's the lung condition cure rate for a 74 year old man who has emphysema?

No cure: There is no "cure" for emphysema. The damage that is done is permanent, but with attention to smoking cessation, and treatment (inhaled medicine to breath easier, vaccination against pneumonia and flu, treatment of infections that involve the lung, etc.) most patients can live with the disease for many years and have symptoms controlled and quality of life improved. ...Read more

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What are the typical results for lung volume reduction surgery for patients with emphysema?

What are the typical results for lung volume reduction surgery for patients with emphysema?

For certain patients: Lvrs is successful in regards to improved survival in a certain type of patient. It helps patients live longer who have their emphysema confined to the upper parts of their lungs on chest ct, and who have poor exercise capacity as determined by pulmonary physiology tests. To understand the role of lvrs in treating emphysema, talk to a board certified thoracic surgeon. ...Read more

Lung (Definition)

Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more


Dr. Sue Ferranti
498 Doctors shared insights

Emphysema (Definition)

A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make ...Read more