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Doctor insights on: Head Lice

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Dr. Heidi Fowler
216 Doctors shared insights

Head Lice (Overview)

Also known as pediculus humanus capitis, these are tiny parasites that feed on the scalp. Head lice is very contagious and the most common method of transmission is person to person.


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How does head lice get transferred from person to person?

How does head lice get transferred from person to person?

Sharing: Head lice can be transmitted from one individual to another by direct scalp-to-scalp contact, sharing hair brushes or other hair accessories, and by coming in contact with bedding or cushions that were in contact by an infected individual. Follow the directions of your doctor closely to best eradicate the lice. ...Read more

Dr. Heidi Fowler
216 Doctors shared insights

Head Lice (Overview)

Also known as pediculus humanus capitis, these are tiny parasites that feed on the scalp. Head lice is very contagious and the most common method of transmission is person to person.


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What are the symptoms of head lice like?

What are the symptoms of head lice like?

Itching, or none: Many children have no symptoms whatsoever, despite a good-sized infestation. Other children may have itching or a rash around the scalp. The diagnosis is made by finding live lice and/or nits in the hair. To check for lice, use a very fine-toothed comb to comb through wet hair section by section, looking for nits and adult lice. ...Read more

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Treating Head Lice (Checklist)

Treat all household members with permethrin rinse, with your doctor's approval
Weekly
Check every person with lice for nits (eggs) every day
Daily
Do a thorough cleaning of beds, sofas, and play areas, and launder all clothes and linens
Once
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What happens if you have head lice and you can't get them all out because a lot of them have spreaded too much, then?

Call your doctor: Lice can be hard to eradicate because they can become resistant to medications available at the grocery store. Discuss with your doctor- there are prescription options. Consider cutting your hair short which can make it easier to remove the insects and eggs. Have someone help you - you need a fine tooth comb and patience to remove all the eggs and insects from every area of scalp. Repeat often. ...Read more

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Treating Pubic LIce (Checklist)

Boil your underwear to prevent reinfestation
Once
Make sure your partner gets the same treatment to avoid reinfection
Once
Trim your pubic hair to reduce the chance of reinfection
Once
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What causes head lice in a person?

What causes head lice in a person?

Human only parasite: You acquire head lice after exposure to an infected persons living lice. This may be by sharing head ware, scarfs, combs etc. Or during close encounters with the lice in bedding, clothing etc. It is not passed by animals or non human carriers. ...Read more

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Does having head lice mean the person is dirty with poor hygiene?

Does having head lice mean the person is dirty with poor hygiene?

No: It caught from contact and regular shampoo and bathing does not prevent head lice. Do not share combs or wear other persons cap ...Read more

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Treating a Head Injury (Checklist)

Get help or see a doctor right away
Once
See a doctor for diagnosis; do not diagnose yourself
Once
Don't drive a vehicle with a head injury; have someone else drive you
Once
Ice the area, if you can
Once
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How do you use tea tree oil to treat head lice? Do you put it on the scalp, add it to the shampoo?

Not recommended: Tea tree oil (melaleuca) is purported to be useful against fungi and bacteria. But there is no scientific evidence it is helpful for those or head lice. And if oxidized and applied on skin, or ingested, it can be quite dangerous to children. ...Read more

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How can I treat and get rid of head lice?

Anti-Lice Shampoo: Use anti-lice shampoo and repeat in 7 dys.8 hours after using the shampoo, work on nits. Remove nits by backcombing with a fine-tooth comb or pulling out individually. Head does not need to be shaved to cure lice. Nits can live for 2 weeks. Vacuum your child's room. Soak combs/brushes for 1 hour in anti-lice solution. Wash sheets, blankets, stuff animal in hot water or seal in plastic bag x 2wk. ...Read more

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What is the best treatment for head lice?

What is the best treatment for head lice?

Thorough de-lousing!: With head lice, wash the hair with shampoo containg lice killing medication, usually malathion. That should kill lice but not all the eggs (nits). Wash all bedding and clothing with hot water & detergent to kill lice/eggs. Comb hair with nit comb twice daily for two weeks to prevent recurrence. Check: center for disease control's website: http://www. Cdc. Gov/parasites/lice/head/treatment. Html. ...Read more

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Will insurance pay for treatments for head lice? Will my insurance pay for any kind of treatments associated with head lice for my child? .

Will insurance pay for treatments for head lice? Will my insurance pay for any kind of treatments associated with head lice for my child? .

Varies: Insurers may or not cover specific types of medications depending on what is written in the policy contract. Some will cover various medications at different co-pay levels depending on their type. Those policies with drug coverage often have a preferred list. Some exclude any medication that can be obtained over the counter. ...Read more

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What is a good way to cure head lice without the medicine from the store that has chemicals in it?

The two all-natural: ...Lice removal methods are: shaving, and fine-toothed-comb removal after a dilute vinegar rinse (vinegar loosens the glue with which nits are stuck to hair shafts). ...Read more

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Any way to get rid of head lice?

Any way to get rid of head lice?

HEAD LICE SHAMPOO: See your pcp who can prescribe head lice shampoo. It takes longer to get rid of nits even though lice are killed by shampoo because they are firmly attached to hair shaft. ...Read more

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What is a good alternative head lice treatment to use instead of the drug store shampoos?

What is a good alternative head lice treatment to use instead of the drug store shampoos?

Cetaphil cleanser: Use gentle cetaphil skin cleanser. Apply to hair and scalp. Wait 2 minutes, then comb out. Wash your hair 8 hours later. Repeat once a week for 3 weeks. You can hold the mayo! ...Read more

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How do you handle it when your boyfriend gets head lice?

Treat and Kill: Treat and kill the lice. Wash everything in hot water. Avoid him until they are gone. ...Read more

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Are pets at risk of getting head lice? My son has head lice. Should I be concerned that he got it from our pets or could give it to our pets? .

Only human issue: Head lice are a human specific problem. Human head lice do not transfer to animals but require human blood to live. Fido would give them indigestion & death by starvation. ...Read more

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Is there a good method to prevent head lice?

Don't share: Don't share hair care products, hats, scarfs, sheets, pillow cases, combs, brushes, clips, etc. With any one. Best way to prevent transfer of head lice nits. ...Read more

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How to best avoid getting head lice when working with children?

How to best avoid getting head lice when working with children?

Lice be gone!: Don't share combs, brushes, or hats, and try to make sure your charges do not share these things either! Use your own towels as well. If you suspect a child has head lice, don't ignore it. ...Read more

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How to remove head lice?

How to remove head lice?

Cetaphil: Cetaphil and a hairdryer can eliminate lice. Www. Ehow. Com/how_2123367_treat-head-lice-cetaphil. Html this website gives a great description of how to do the treatment. ...Read more

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How to remove head lice?

Various methods: A 1% Permethrin shampoo is a common 1st step. The lice by themselves will wash out when dead by simple shampooing. The primary problem is the egg casings that attach with a glue like material to the hair shafts & may allow a new crop of lice to emerge. A rinse with a vinegar solution will loosen the nits & they can be combed out with a fine tooth comb. ...Read more

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How are head lice spread?

Contact: Sharing combs, headgear or sleeping or lying on same furniture. It is common to spread within a classroom or within a household. Each person needs to be treated. ...Read more

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Headphones and head lice?

Earbuds are ok: Lice prefer hair and scalp, but they run around quickly and could end up on headphone head bands (although it seems unlikely to happen). Earbuds are ok, because there is almost no place for the lice to hide. If a person is worried about using somebody else's headphones, he can keep them in a plastic bag for 2 or 3 weeks before using them. By then, the lice should have died. ...Read more

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Where do head lice come from?

Where do head lice come from?

Get: You get lice from someone else that has lice. Usually for head lice from comb, brush, hat, other head wear etc. ...Read more

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Can head lice really be harmless?

Lice: Lice can cause significant itching. The lice can transmit diseases such as epidemic typhus, trench fever &relapsing fever. ...Read more

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How to remove head lice naturally?

Lots of effort: There is a large movement to not coat the head with Permethrin or lindane due to potential neurotoxicity, and the risk is relevant. Non medicated products like licemd or ovid are effective, but nothing works better than the nit-loosening gel (ok, so it's not totally natural), the fine toothed comb, and lots of time and effort getting out all nits and lice. Then repeating the effort. ...Read more

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How common is head lice in the us?

How common is head lice in the us?

Endemic: More common on elementary age children. It will occur in pockets within a school or classroom. It will also occur in waves over time. ...Read more

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What causes head lice in a person?

Human only parasite: You acquire head lice after exposure to an infected persons living lice. This may be by sharing head ware, scarfs, combs etc. Or during close encounters with the lice in bedding, clothing etc. It is not passed by animals or non human carriers. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have head lice?

Lice Head: Mature head lice are approximately the size of a sesame seed, don't hop or jump and lay eggs called nits that stick to the hair shaft. Main symptoms are severe itching especially at night when they feed.
Due to this, scratch marks on the skin can be visible. You may also find swollen glands at the back of the ears
school nurses are very familiar with them.
You can consult your doctor if uncertain. ...Read more

Body Lice (Definition)

Similar to head lice, these tiny parasitic insects live on the clothes and can often be seen at the seams. They feed on the blood of the host, and ...Read more


Dr. Richard Rissmiller
332 Doctors shared insights

Pediculosis (Definition)

Refers to infestation with lice. Pediculosis can include head lice, body ...Read more