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Doctor insights on: Head And Brain Malformations In Children

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What is the definition or description of: Head and brain malformations?

What is the definition or description of: Head and brain malformations?

Head and brain: Malformations= numerous abnormalities that can occur due to disorders of, or interruption of, the normal pathways of fetal cranial development ...Read more

Dr. Richard Pergolizzi
18 Doctors shared insights

Brain Malformations (Definition)

Are anatomic abnormalities of the brain that occur as a result of a disturbance in the normal process of fetal brain formation. They can range from very minor anomalies of no ...Read more


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What symptoms do people with brain malformations usually have?

What symptoms do people with brain malformations usually have?

Varied: There are many different types of brain malformations, thus the symptom complex is varied. Some common symptoms are seizures, developmental delay, failure to thrive, language delay, blindness, etc. The list goes on and is dependent on the areas of the brain affected by the malformations. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Brain malformations?

What is the definition or description of: Brain malformations?

Brain malformations: Are anatomic abnormalities of the brain that occur as a result of a disturbance in the normal process of fetal brain formation. They can range from very minor anomalies of no clinical significance, to lethal. ...Read more

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What's the best way to treat Chiari brain malformations?

What's the best way to treat Chiari brain malformations?

Surgery: If significant and symptomatic, subocciptial craniotomy is
often employed to decompress cerebellar tonisls if they protrude more than 5 mm below the foramen magnum.. ...Read more

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What types of brain malformations occur in the cerebellum?

What types of brain malformations occur in the cerebellum?

Many.: Dany-walker cyst, chiari ii malformation, arachnoid cysts, vein of galen aneurysm, inferior vermian hypoplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia and ependymal tumors can all present in the posterior brain fossa of fetuses or children. ...Read more

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Should women born severly premature (micro baby) get a MRI to rule out brain malformations before pregnancy? Can I ask for one?

Should women born severly premature (micro baby) get a MRI to rule out brain malformations before pregnancy? Can I ask for one?

Premature infants: Routinely get cranial ultrasounds in the nursery after they are born. Before delivery, neurologic (brain) abnormalities can be identified on your routine prenatal ultrasounds. ...Read more

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Describe the features of a brain malformation.?

Describe the features of a brain malformation.?

Broad questions: There are many types of brain malformation. To which are you referring? Vascular, structural, etc.? ...Read more

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Brain malformation located in cerebellum. What does this mean?

Brain malformation located in cerebellum. What does this mean?

Brain malformation: The term "brain malformation" can cover a very wide variety of subjects. Malformations can involve blood vessels, structures in the brain itself, or in the case of the cerebellum a chiari malformation where a tongue of brain tissue comes down through the hole at the base of the skull called the foramen magnum. ...Read more

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Could tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation, be it aneurysm or avm?

Could tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation, be it aneurysm or avm?

Unlikely: A ct scan shows bleeding or skull fractures instead of soft tissue problems like avm's or brain aneurysms unless they have calcium inside of their walls which is very rare. ...Read more

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Can tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation / aneurysm / avm?

Can tomography clearly determine if there is a brain malformation / aneurysm / avm?

CT- angio/MRA can.: Ct angiography and mra can reliably detect avms or other vascular intracranial malformations. ...Read more

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What is a chiari-brain malformation?

What is a chiari-brain malformation?

Basic answer: The cerebellum is the rearmost part of the brain structures as it transitions into the spinal cord holding all the nerve tracts. This part of the brain is supposed to stop at the base of the skull, but in some people part of the cerebellum is positioned below the skull, extending between the cord & the upper vertebrae. The Chiari malformation is a broad label covering this defect. ...Read more

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I have chronic severe ear infection w/csf leak since brain decompression for chiari malformation. Could inner ear & ear bones be malformed also?

I have chronic severe ear infection w/csf leak since brain decompression for chiari malformation. Could inner ear & ear bones be malformed also?

Unlikely: Unless your inner ear was involved in the surgery or you were born with inner ear or ear bone malformations, the inner ear and ear bones were likely unaffected from surgery. A suboccipital decompression typically does not affect the inner ear or ear bones. I would consult your otologist for a more precise answer. ...Read more

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I have a small vascular malformation in my right frontal lobe which bled mildly in 2007. Since then it has grown only slightly from 3mm to 4mm (last MRI was in Oct 2014.) However, I have had a nearly 6 weeklong headache localized in my right forehead that

I have a small vascular malformation in my right frontal lobe which bled mildly in 2007. Since then it has grown only slightly from 3mm to 4mm (last MRI was in Oct 2014.) However, I have had a nearly 6 weeklong headache localized in my right forehead that

Check EEG: Right frontal AVMs can produce peduncular hallucinations due to seizures that may worsen with Geodon (ziprasidone) (which lowers the seizure threshold) Methylphenidate also lowers the seizure threshold. (as does ECT) Paranoia may respond to seizure meds if due to sub clinical seizures. (Interictal seizure activity may be difficult to see on the EEG if the frontal lobe lesion is near the under surface. ...Read more

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When damage is found in the left centrum semiovale area, what type of systems or effects can it have on the body or brain? { car wreck-hit head on l.S

When damage is found in the left centrum semiovale area, what type of systems or effects can it have on the body or brain? { car wreck-hit head on l.S

Depends: "damage" is no more helpful in medicine than in car repair. The centrum semiovale is in white matter. What exactly does it look like, exactly where is the damage, how big is it, etc. Wreck may not have been the cause: true + true not necessarily related. Damage seen on MRI or ct ordered by doctor, yes? What does (s)he say & why aren't you satisfied with answer (since you're posting here)? ...Read more

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How badly do you have to hit in the head to kill brain cells?

How badly do you have to hit in the head to kill brain cells?

Variable: There have been studies of rhesus monkeys who have been hit in head with various forces, and you could google this (cute critters who should have been spared this). It may be less important whether one significant head injury occurs, vrs. Multiple head injuries, post-traumatic repetitive encephalopathy, such as in professional athletes. ...Read more

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Could I have a brain disorder or something from multiple head injuries in martial arts?

Could I have a brain disorder or something from multiple head injuries in martial arts?

A bit: The classic is boxers who generally end up with severe cognitive impairment and early dementia. Football players also are very susceptible. If you have a choice, become a baseball player or a golfer. Martial arts in many ways teaches you to protect your head but some damage is possible. ...Read more

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I passed out and slammed my head on the floor earlier today. Could I have damaged my brain?

I passed out and slammed my head on the floor earlier today. Could I have damaged my brain?

Possible: A firm smack on the head can cause a concussion, or even a subdural hematoma (bleeding around the brain). You should get checked out, also to find out the cause of your syncope. ...Read more

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I'm just wondering, if you bump your head on the bus will there be any damage to the brain?

Head vs brain injury: Hitting your head will usually causes a head or skull injury. This will not cause brain damage. However, if the injury is severe, with symptoms of a concussion, change in consciousness, problem with thinking, headache, memory loss, a brain injury has occurred. ...Read more

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Is brain tumors in your head?

Is brain tumors in your head?

Brain tumor: Very rare to have brain tumors but yes in the head, rarely a tumor located in the back could extend down to spinal cord, then it would be outside. ...Read more

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Can an abnormal head shape hurt my baby's brain?

Can an abnormal head shape hurt my baby's brain?

See below: It depends on what kind of abnormal head shape. If there is some mild flattening by lying on back, or in one position all the time, then there is probably no affect on the brain. If the abnormality is formed by the skull sutures fusing, so restricting the space inside the skull, then yes the brain can be hurt. Talk to your physician about which problem you are dealing with. ...Read more

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Does multiple head traumas cause brain ischemia?

Post-traumatic: Repetitive head trauma results in tissue changes quite similar to alzheimers but the lesions are closer to the brain surface. This was first noted in "punch drunk syndrome" in boxing. There is likely some affect on blood flow (ischemia), as one could conceive of a local type of bruising, but this not fully clarified. Regardless the nfl and nhl are both paying a lot of attention these days. ...Read more

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Do brain av malformations show up on plain mri's?

Do brain av malformations show up on plain mri's?

Yes: Even small avms can be seen on non contrast mris.
A post contrast series of images does help in characterizing these lesions. ...Read more

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What part of your brain controls your head movement?

What part of your brain controls your head movement?

Lots: Sounds like a simple question but it is not. Some of it depends on what kind of movements. Not just one area. Movements of the tongue and other parts of the face are often assessed in cranial nerve examination, but motor strip areas, subcortical areas, and cerebellar play a part. ...Read more

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Do I have a small head or small brain if small hat size?

Do I have a small head or small brain if small hat size?

Good things small Pk: There are always people at both end of the size spectrum from small to large head size such that 3% or so fall into either group. The size of the brain does not always equate to brain power & actually some big headed folks have brain abnormalities that made them that way. Your basic answer is your genes put all the proper parts in an appropriate sized brain & skull for your needs & both are small. ...Read more

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I have herpes 1&2 know my head tingles can it be brain herpes?

I have herpes 1&2 know my head tingles can it be brain herpes?

Unlikely, See MD: Herpes one and two can infect either the mouth or genital areas or both. Either virus can cause lesions elsewhere on the body. Any symptom such as head tingles is highly unlikely to be a brain infection but does definitely need md visit. ...Read more

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Is it true that a severe knock on the head cause a brain tumour?

Is it true that a severe knock on the head cause a brain tumour?

No: A blow to the head can cause a concussion and also may cause serious bleeding which needs treatment. Brain tumors are accidents of cell division and not a consequence of trauma to the brain. ...Read more