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Doctor insights on: Head And Brain Malformations Genetics Birth Defects

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What nutrient prevents defects of the baby's spine and brain?

What nutrient prevents defects of the baby's spine and brain?

Folic acid: It has been shown that folic acid is critical to the development of the spinal column in a baby, and using a supplement with folic acid dramatically reduces the incidence if babies born with myelomengicele. ...Read more

Genetic (Definition)

From a medical standpoint, "genetic" refers to the potential heritability of various medical conditions. While some conditions are inevitable (at some point in one's life) as a consequence of simple genetic heritability (eg huntington's disease), a large number of medical conditions (including all behaviorial health disorders) are the expressed final pathway of a ...Read more


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Could cerebral palsy affect growth and development?

Could cerebral palsy affect growth and development?

Yes: Because of the wide variation in this process the outcome varies.Cp can be so mile it is unrecognised in a persons lifetime and exists in very subtle findings on a neurological exam. Some is so pronounced, the patient may remain infantile in his/her communication, mobility and self help skills through life. Physical growth tends to vary with the intensity of the disorder. ...Read more

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Can forceps delivery cause head and brain injuries in babies?

Can forceps delivery cause head and brain injuries in babies?

Yes: Yes it can, but in the hands of a well trained obstretician they can also be life saving. ...Read more

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What birth defects accompany wilms' tumor?

What birth defects accompany wilms' tumor?

Many can: Wilms' tumor (a childhood kidney cancer) can be a part of other congenital syndromes such as wagr syndrome, denys-drash syndrome, and beckwith-wiedemann syndrome. Other accompanying birth defects can include lacking the colored part of the eye, ambiguous genitalia, intellectual disability, large birth size, large tongue, intestinal malformation, and large eyes. Wilms' tumor can also occur alone. ...Read more

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Can giving birth (pushing) cause a brain aneurysm or bleed on brain?

Can giving birth (pushing) cause a brain aneurysm or bleed on brain?

No: There has been no association between pushing and formation of brain aneurysms. There have been concerns of increased risks of pushing in patients with certain specific neurological conditions (shunts, strokes, etc). Patients with neurological conditions should ask their OB and neurologist about the safest mode of delivery. ...Read more

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What are the chromosome defects affecting chromosome 10, 13 and trisomy 21?

What are the chromosome defects affecting chromosome 10, 13 and trisomy 21?

Many: There are numerous disorders that can happen with abnormalities of chromosomes 10 and 13. Too many to list here. Trisomy 21 means the person has an extra chromosome 21 and this is more commonly known as Down's syndrome. There are many possible phenotypic findings with this disorder, again too many to list here including physical characteristics, heart , hearing, vision, skeletal, developmental.... ...Read more

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Is cerebral palsy a usual birth defect caused by in utero stroke?

Possible: It is possible that cerebral palsy may be related to in utero cerebral infarct (stroke) - but there are many causes of cerebral palsy. Here is an article which may be helpful to describe causes of cerebral palsy: http://www.Webmd.Com/brain/understanding-cerebral-palsy-basic-information. ...Read more

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How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?

How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?

Hemorrhage: Most of the damage of an arteriovenous malformation occurs when the blood vessel or vessels are spontaneously ruptured and bleed into the brain, causing pressure and damage to the brain. The same can occur with an av malformation in the brain stem or spine. ...Read more

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Help please! is cerebral palsy the outcome of all in utero stroke children?

No: In-utero stroke patients come in all shapes and sizes. Some strokes are large and occur late in the pregnancy and can produce significant problems in the child including cp. Other strokes may be small and occur early enough in the pregnancy that the brain can repair itself before the child is born, and the child will develop perfectly normally. Most cases and outcomes lie in between these examples. ...Read more

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Can hair perms cause anencephaly or other birth defects?

Can hair perms cause anencephaly or other birth defects?

Hair care: There have not been any studies showing a correlation with birth defects and hair care. Certainly not doing any hair care is best, but if you must waiting till after the first trimester is best. ...Read more

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Could the oxygenation of my brain affected before asd(atrial septal defect)closure?

Could the oxygenation of my brain affected before asd(atrial septal defect)closure?

Not usually: An ASD does not generally affect oxygen delivery to the brain (or the rest of the body). The only exception would be in the setting of severe pulmonary artery hypertension in which low oxygenated blood can flow from the right atrium into the left atrium and be pumped to the body. ...Read more

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Benzodiazepines cause birth defects according to research. Which specific birth defects do they cause?

Benzodiazepines cause birth defects according to research. Which specific birth defects do they cause?

Cleft lip/palate: A recent British medical Journal did an extensive meta-analysis of all the major studies in benzodiazepines and found a slightly increased risk, about 1.79 x greater risk of cleft lip and palate than the general population...no other major malformations reached clinical significance ...Read more

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List of brain abnormalities in fetus?

List of brain abnormalities in fetus?

Long and serious.: Hydrocephaly, ventriculomegaly, mega-cisterna magna, dandy-walker malformation, inferior vermian hypoplasia, hydranencephaly, schizencephaly, porencephaly, polymicrogyria, neuronal migration anomalies, tubers, vein of galen aneurysm, encephalocele, septo-optic dysplasia, agenesis of the corpus callosum, absence of cavum septum pellucidum, lissencephaly and arnold-chiari malformation. ...Read more

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Is the treatment for arteriovenous malformations (avm) ofthe brain through arteries now?

Is the treatment for arteriovenous malformations (avm) ofthe brain through arteries now?

Not "ALL": The treatment of avms is should involve mutliple specialists these days. Some of the more recent research suggests that treatment through the arteries is dangerous but it is important to realize that many of those treatments did not involve a team of doctors treating the patients. Make sure you involve an experienced team of mds in treatment recommendations regarding your avm. ...Read more

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Incest cause birth defects and other reproductive harm?

Incest cause birth defects and other reproductive harm?

Possible: In addition to the trauma of the incestous abuse, there is a higher risk of birth and congenital abnormalities in pregnacies and births resulting from incest due to the resulting gene loading in families with hereditary problems. ...Read more

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Could baby with anencephaly grow a brain?

Could baby with anencephaly grow a brain?

No: By definition, the infant with anencephaly went through the stages of fetal development without major brain parts.The primitive tissues of forebrain development come together to form a brain, or not, well before a month into fetal life. It cannot start over. Anencephaly patients can live a day or two under some circumstances but most pass shortly after birth if not prior to delivery. ...Read more

Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
841 doctors shared insights

Congenital Abnormalities (Definition)

Abnormalites that are present at birth. Also known as birth defects. For example- cleft palate is a congenital abnormalities. Another example congenital heart disease is the presence of a ...Read more


Dr. Richard Pergolizzi
18 doctors shared insights

Brain Malformations (Definition)

are anatomic abnormalities of the brain that occur as a result of a disturbance in the normal process of fetal brain formation. They can range from very minor anomalies of no ...Read more