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Doctor insights on: Haemophilus Influenzae Serotyping

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What's hemophilus influenzae?

What's hemophilus influenzae?

A bacteria: H. Flu as it is called can be divided into 2 kinds. So called type b which used to cause major illness in young children but is now prevented by a vaccine and the untypable strains that cause respiratory disease in adults. ...Read more

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

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What is pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine?

What is pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine?

The present vaccines: The existing pneumoccal vaccines are developed by including material that replicates the coating or polysaccharide capsule that varies with each strain.When antibodies develop to the capsule, the pneumoccus can be attacked and neutralized.Some strains have no capsule and cannot be neutralized by the vaccine. ...Read more

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Does pneumococcal vaccine stop infants from catching viral pneumonia?

Does pneumococcal vaccine stop infants from catching viral pneumonia?

No: The pneumococcal vaccine helps prevent "strep pneumoniae" bacterial infections, such as pneumonia caused by that one type of bacteria. The vaccine doesn't prevent viral pneumonia, and doesn't prevent non-pneumococcal bacterial pneumonias. ...Read more

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Is influenza b contagious?

Is influenza b contagious?

Yes: Influenza b virus is a respiratory virus spread by coughing, etc. The two main types of influenza occurring during "flu" season are influenza a and influenza b. Influenza b often causes more GI symptoms. ...Read more

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What is neisseria gonorrhoae induced meningitis?

What is neisseria gonorrhoae induced meningitis?

Clap clap: Gonorrheal meningitis is a rapidly progressive infection in the spinal fluid affecting brain and spinal cord, usually transmitted by sexual contact. Highly lethal unless treated rapidly but often quite sensitive to appropriate antibiotics. ...Read more

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Is campylobacter jejuni contagious?

Is campylobacter jejuni contagious?

Yes, but: It is more likely to come from an infected animal such as poultry than from another person infected with it. ...Read more

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What is pneumococcal vaccine? Does it treat streptococcus pneumoniae?

What is pneumococcal vaccine? Does it treat streptococcus pneumoniae?

At least 2 available: The pneumoccal vaccines contain material designed to help an individual develop protective antibodies against a variety of pneumoccal strains. There are at least 2 vaccines in common use in the US. Once given, it takes weeks for the immune system to respond with new antibodies. It is not used to treat any active disease, it is used to prevent them. ...Read more

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Is streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis a neurological disorder?

Is streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis a neurological disorder?

Sort of: It's an infection of the nervous system, so i suppose you could call it a neurological disorder. But as an id specialist, i prefer to think of it as an infectious disease. ...Read more

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Is Enterobacter aerogenes contagious?

Is Enterobacter aerogenes contagious?

Yes: Enterobacter aerogenes is a bacteria that can cause a variety of infections such as urinary tract infections, sepsis, pneumonia, skin/wound infections. It typically does not occur in people who are otherwise healthy. It can be picked up by patients who are hospitalized, particularly in an intensive care unit. It can be picked up from contaminated surfaces. Antibiotic resistance can be a problem. ...Read more

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How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

Somewhat: Overall, the risk to household contacts is 2-4 percent without prophylaxis. Outside the household, risk is smaller but is used when someone was exposed to respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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Is streptococcus anginosus contagious?

Is streptococcus anginosus contagious?

Yes: Transfer of these bacteria from one person to another is frequent but it doesn't necessary lead to infection. I would avoid kissing and coughing into someone's face. General precautions like that. ...Read more

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Is group b strep contagious?

Is group b strep contagious?

Depends on situation: Its most worrisome problem occurs when it passes from the genital tract of a mother to her newborn during labor or delivery.The resulting exposure may result in a severe infection in the infant. The germ is found normally in the stool, and as such came from ingestion. It is common & seldom causes problems outside that with the newborn. The infected newborn is unlikely to pass it to others. ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate in theory: Conjugating the Meningococcal capsule polysaccharide to a protein backbone makes it useful in children less than 2years and facilitates immunologic memory but there are no head to head efficacy trials. ...Read more

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How is gbs (group b strep.) contracted?

How is gbs (group b strep.) contracted?

Common hitch hiker: Group b strep is a common germ in nature & found at any one moment in the genital tract of ~1/3 of women.In most cases it is innocuous, causing no harm, although it sometimes can cause a uti. It can be there one week & gone the next however, if passed to a newborn during labor or delivery, a fraction will get very sick.I would consider any mom @ risk & rely on the ob's to monitor the situation. ...Read more

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The minactra meningitis vaccine covers all types of bacterial meningitis?

The minactra meningitis vaccine covers all types of bacterial meningitis?

No: This vaccine is only helpful in preventing 4 strains of the meningococcus bacteria contained within the vaccine.These are the more common strains that cause this type of meningitis, but there are other strains. It does not cover any of the several other germs known to cause meningitis. Other vaccines cover some of the other germs. ...Read more

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Are there vaccines against bacterial meningitis?

Are there vaccines against bacterial meningitis?

Yes: Yes, there are several. The main ones are for pneumococcus, haemophilus, and Meningococcal meningitis. They are prevnar, (pneumococcal vaccine) ActHIB or pedvax, and Menveo or Menactra respectively. ...Read more

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Is citrobacter koseri contagious?

Is citrobacter koseri contagious?

Not contagious: This is a normal bacteria in the intestines. Sometimes it causes urinary tract infection, especially in women. But it isn't transmitted sexually or otherwise. ...Read more

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Does b strep cause neonatal pneumonia?

Does b strep cause neonatal pneumonia?

YES: Group b strep can be devastating to a newborn. The bacteria is one of the most common to not only cause pneumonia but meningitis, sepsis and death. ...Read more

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