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Haemophilus Influenzae Serotyping
How can you tell if bacterial meningitis is an infection with neisseria meningitis or haemophilus influenzae?
Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!
No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more
The present vaccines: The existing pneumoccal vaccines are developed by including material that replicates the coating or polysaccharide capsule that varies with each strain.When antibodies develop to the capsule, the pneumoccus can be attacked and neutralized.Some strains have no capsule and cannot be neutralized by the vaccine. ...Read more
At least 2 available: The pneumoccal vaccines contain material designed to help an individual develop protective antibodies against a variety of pneumoccal strains. There are at least 2 vaccines in common use in the US. Once given, it takes weeks for the immune system to respond with new antibodies. It is not used to treat any active disease, it is used to prevent them. ...Read more
Yes: Enterobacter aerogenes is a bacteria that can cause a variety of infections such as urinary tract infections, sepsis, pneumonia, skin/wound infections. It typically does not occur in people who are otherwise healthy. It can be picked up by patients who are hospitalized, particularly in an intensive care unit. It can be picked up from contaminated surfaces. Antibiotic resistance can be a problem. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends on situation: Its most worrisome problem occurs when it passes from the genital tract of a mother to her newborn during labor or delivery.The resulting exposure may result in a severe infection in the infant. The germ is found normally in the stool, and as such came from ingestion. It is common & seldom causes problems outside that with the newborn. The infected newborn is unlikely to pass it to others. ...Read more
Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?
Common hitch hiker: Group b strep is a common germ in nature & found at any one moment in the genital tract of ~1/3 of women.In most cases it is innocuous, causing no harm, although it sometimes can cause a uti. It can be there one week & gone the next however, if passed to a newborn during labor or delivery, a fraction will get very sick.I would consider any mom @ risk & rely on the ob's to monitor the situation. ...Read more
No: This vaccine is only helpful in preventing 4 strains of the meningococcus bacteria contained within the vaccine.These are the more common strains that cause this type of meningitis, but there are other strains. It does not cover any of the several other germs known to cause meningitis. Other vaccines cover some of the other germs. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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