Doctor insights on:
Granulosa Cell Tumor Symptoms
"tumor" literally translates as "mass", so even a fresh bruise could be called a "tumor". Doctors use the term "neoplasm" (tranlates literally as new growth) to describe tumors that are abnormal growths of cells. These may be benign or malignant; "malignant" = cancer. In everyday usage, we use "tumor" ...Read more
Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?
Interesting tumor: Overally, neuroendocrine tumors are often capable of over-producing hormones that your body naturally makes. Islet cells are cells that are naturally present in the pancreas and produce a number of hormones, most notably insulin. Insulin helps you break down and digest sugars. Patients with an islet cell tumor can produce too much Insulin resulting in weight & gain and low blood sugars. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Tuberous sclerosis have a large percentage of which of the following tumors? 1-renal cell carcenoma 2-adenoma 3-angiomyolipoma 3-oncocytoma 4-sarcoma
Potentially serious: A nonseminomatous germ cell tumor is a malignancy that has multiple origins within the testicle. It is less common, but potentially more serious, than seminomas of the testicle. Early and aggressive treatment is necessay and can lead to cure in many patients that present with limited disease. Systemic chemotherapy is now available for patients that present with advanced tumors. ...Read more
Rare family: This is a family of tumors that can be diagnosed by a pathologist (i suggest you get a consensus from 3 of us) that resemble to some degree the gametes and/or the cells of the unborn child. They run from totally benign to very malignant; thankfully today's treatment produces many good responses. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Clarify, can be CA.: These can be cancer. These are tumors of germ cells which can be from the gonads, or ovary and testis, or from outside these areas and occur during embryonic development. These can be cancerous or non-cancerous. Prognosis varies. Some, like seminoma, have a very good prognosis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Pathologic diagnosis....Resected thymus shows reactive b cell hyperplasia vs low grade b cell lympho proliferative disorder. Is this lymphoma?
Could be...: Certain lymphomas grow so slow that sometimes it is difficult for the pathologist to make the call between malignant or not. I suspect they may do additional work on the specimen and that your doctor will evaluate you further with labs, additional scans or another biopsy. If you have not seen a hematologist, maybe this is the time. Don't panic, just follow up his/her lead. Best to you. ...Read more
For certain cancers: Circulating tumor cell count is done and quite useful to see the response of treatment given for certan type of metastatic cancers only -i, e, metastatic breast cancers, prostate, and colon cancer. Not indicated / used for other type of cancers and not used for earlier stage of cancer. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
If both benign and malignant tumours are formed by abnormal cell division, what makes malignant tumours cancerous and benign tumours non-cancerous?
Power to invade: Tumors are in fact caused by the accumulation of a series of genetic mutations. If something is going to be cancer, the mutations destabilize the genome and eventually mutations give the ability of the cells to invade and spread as they do early after conception. The idea that tumors are "cells dividing too rapidly" is fundamentally wrong and confusing -- it's the loss of controls. ...Read more
The gonads produce: Sperm in men (&testosterone) and eggs/ova in women (& estrogens), and these are also the sites of germ cell tumors. Outside the gonads, the mediastinum and brain (pineal) are the most common extragonadal sites. These are known to produce markers (hcg, alphafeto-protein) and responsve and curable with chemotherapy. Hope this helps. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No: Granulosa cell tumors of the ovary (and more rarely the testicle in men) are not aquired from sexual activity. These are rare tumors and know specific risk factors are known. However, some studies have shown that the majority if these tumors have a mutation in the flox2 gene. It is not known what causes this mutation to occur or if it is the cause if the tumor. ...Read more
What is life expectancy of small cell neuroendrocrine carcinoma that metastizied to the brain (35 tumors) and spinal fluid (3 tumors)?
Metastatic brain ca: Poor prognosis. 6-8 months or less especially if more than one. ...Read more
Close exam: primary tumor cells are well defined, arising in the organ that initiates the lesion. A cancer of the breast when biopsied shows adenoca cells of breast origin. When metastatic to liver or lung, biopsy will show the same cells as the primary . If the lesion arises in the liver it is not metastatic in terms of cells seen but liver tumor cells or hepatoma. ...Read more
Disordered growth: Benign tumors grow locally and do not spread. Under the microscope, the cells look like the gland they are from and they are not invading. Cancer cells have disordered growth, frequently do not look like the originating gland and show invasion. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Father65,biopsy result of nasal polyps- Moderately differentiated infiltrating keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma with areas vasaloid. is it cancer?
0%: All ependymoma brain tumors are technically malignant, meaning the cells are cancer and can grow into the surrounding brain tissue. However, most of these tumors (over 90%) are curable because the tumor is confined to one area, is slow-growing, and can be removed by surgery. Sometimes radiation alone is used for slow-growing brain ependymomas if surgery can't be performed. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not necessary: Hurtel cell neoplasm can be adenoma (not cancer) or carcinoma (cancer). There is not much difference between the two with regards to age, sex, or history of head and neck radiation. However, hurtle cell carcinoma (cancer) tends to be larger in size (4.0 +/- 0.4 cm) compared with hurtle cell adenoma (2.4 +/- 0.2 cm). ...Read more
Genome destabilized: The key to cancer is that enough mutations have accumulated to render the genome itself unstable. Eventually a clone will acquire the ability to invade and spread. We can pick this up using molecular biology techniques. They also look different, but it takes a pathologist several years to learn to tell all the subtleties. ...Read more
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