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Doctor insights on: Granular Cells

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Please would like to know what is meant by thyroid shows well defined follicular neoplasm composed of cells with granular cyloplasm, is it cancer?

Please would like to know what is meant by thyroid shows well defined follicular neoplasm composed of cells with granular cyloplasm, is it cancer?

Need to discuss: With your doctor/endocrinologist. Need more information such as clinical picture, ultrasound results, lab tests etc. This is too important to get diagnosed over the internet. ...Read more

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Normal blood count with blood smear leukocyte; particles of toxic granulation, atypical cells lenfomo nuclear, one cell view of downey. Male, 58?

Normal blood count with blood smear leukocyte; particles of toxic granulation, atypical cells lenfomo nuclear, one cell view of downey. Male, 58?

Typical cell: This is a typical cell type (both the lymphocytes with toxic granulation and the Downey cell, which similar is a lymphocyte with features consistent with activation). These occur in the context of infection or stress when the lymphocytes are receiving "danger" signals. Can't comment conclusively without knowing more about the clinical situation, but not likely something that needs follow up. ...Read more

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Stg 1a/Grd 1 mucus ovary tumor. No stroma invasion. Cell wall rupture admixed w/ granulation tissue. Rght ovary/tube removed. Borderline or pre-cancer?

Stg 1a/Grd 1 mucus ovary tumor. No stroma invasion. Cell wall rupture admixed w/ granulation tissue. Rght ovary/tube removed. Borderline or pre-cancer?

Ovarian ca: Hi, I think I answered this question last night, per information you have provided the tumor is cancerous and fortunately because it's stage 1 then the survival rate is very high, the surgery should be curative. ...Read more

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
2 doctors agreed:
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Is there any thing of concern in my flow cytometry when it states "degenerating T cells also noticed" 23% of the lymphoid population are large granular lymphocytes, an inverted cd4:cd8 ratio, and under the Blasts section it stayed that cd45 dim makes up 3

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
2 doctors agreed:
Is there any thing of concern in my flow cytometry when it states "degenerating T cells also noticed" 23% of the lymphoid population are large granular lymphocytes, an inverted cd4:cd8 ratio, and under the Blasts section it stayed that cd45 dim makes up 3

Please talk to your: Doctor, flowcytometry is a specialized complex blood test, your Doctor or the Doctor who ordered that test are the best to educate you on the results in the context of the whole clinical picture, goodluck ...Read more

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Got my labs back today and my findings are somewhat abnormal and was wondering if there's a reason to be alarmed. Here are the reults Epithelial cells-many Bacteria-2+ mucus 2+ urine wbc 10-20 urine rbc 5-10 Amorph sediment 2+ Granular casts occasional cr

Got my labs back today and my findings are somewhat abnormal and was wondering if there's a reason to be alarmed. Here are the reults Epithelial cells-many Bacteria-2+ mucus 2+ urine wbc 10-20 urine rbc 5-10 Amorph sediment 2+ Granular casts occasional cr

Repeat urinalysis?: The epithelial cells, mixed bacteria, and mucus all suggest the urine was contamined with vulvar or vaginal secretions, probably not a "clean catch" midstream specimen. However, the WBC and casts could be significant. Discuss with your doctor; s/he may request a repeat test. ...Read more

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Read this in wikipedia: "when a cell s telomeres shorten to critical lengths, the cell senesces" is that how we age?

Read this in wikipedia: "when a cell s telomeres shorten to critical lengths, the cell senesces" is that how we age?

One theory: This one biomarker of aging. Other theories include oxidative stress, and other environmental stressors, genetics, etc. Nature (genetic longevity) and nurture (environmental, how we treat ourselves, medical care) all contribute to the longevity of the human race. ...Read more

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What is burr cell?

What is burr cell?

A burr cell: Is a red blood cell with an irregular cellular membrane. It is associated with a change in the lipid (fat) content of the membrane, often in the setting of liver disease. ...Read more

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What do T cells do?

What do T cells do?

Lymphocytes: T cells, different types, master the specific immune system, while B cells mainly produce different types of antibodies, under the the control T cells, to fight invading microorganisms and/or invading antigens, just simply put for a very complex system (the immune system) ...Read more

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Helper t cells do what?

Helper t cells do what?

Manage immunity: Helper T cells are unit commanders that instruct soldiers on the front lines. They help B cells secrete protective antibodies. They help "killer" T cells attack infected cells. They also influence the "flavor" of the immune response to favor more of an allergic-type response versus more of a flu-like response. They are CD4 positive cells that are destroyed in HIV/AIDS leading to immunodeficiency. ...Read more

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What causes agus cells?

What causes agus cells?

Pap smear?: Are you referring to a Pap smear result of AGUS- "atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance"? If so, this is a cytologic description/category of Pap smear results. Basically the pathologist is saying there are some glandular cells that don't look " quite right". You should see your gynecologist who will most likely perform an exam called a colposcopy- basically looking at your cervix ...Read more

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What is d cell lymphoma?

What is d cell lymphoma?

T cell lymphoma?: I think you mean t cell lymphoma, a cancer of t cells or thymocytes that can cause lymph gland enlargement, low blood counts, fevers, and sweats. A particular subtype is gamma-delta (the greek letter for d) hepatosplenic lymphoma, which could also be what you're referring to. A good source of information is the leukemia & lymphoma society of america's website. ...Read more

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What are endothelial cells?

What are endothelial cells?

Blood vessel liners: There are very flat cells that line the entire inside of your circulatory system. They look like fried eggs, sunny-side-up with the nucleus being the yolk. A capillary is a long row of these rolled into a tube with a little fibrous reinforcement. Despite their simplicity, they keep your blood from clotting when it shouldn't and provide a perfect barrier for what shouldn't leave your blood. ...Read more

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What are metaplastic cells?

What are metaplastic cells?

Cell transformation: Metaplasia represents transformation of cells from a normal to an abnormal state. It is felt that tumors begin in a field and normal appearing cells begin transformation to the premalignant state by producing tumor proteins. The cells then move on to a more active state, metaplasia, where the cell structure begins to look abnormal, that is dysplastic and finally to early low grade malignancies ...Read more

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What are glial cells used for?

What are glial cells used for?

Glial cells…: …provide support and protection for neurons in both the central & the peripheral nervous system. They surround & hold neurons in place, provide oxygen & nutrients, insulate neurons from each other, & remove dead neurons. ...Read more

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What are All Cell Detox capsules?

What are All Cell Detox capsules?

All Cell Detox: Contains 17 herbs & is reported to help maintain healthy bowel function. ...Read more

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What are these immunocompetent cells?

What are these immunocompetent cells?

Immunocompetent: Means able to mount an immune response. New borns depend on maternal anti-bodies until their immune sysytems experience antigens; the opposite is immunocomprmised, such as with the HIV virus depletion of helper t cells (cd-4), that provide cellualr immunity. ...Read more

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What type of cells are B cells and T cells?

What type of cells are B cells and T cells?

Lymphcytes: When blood is examined under the microscope an array of cells are defined mostly RBC but also larger white cells known as polymorphoneuclear WBC's, marcrophages and a group of small round cells known as lymphocytes. Robt Good was able to subclassify them into T and B cells, the former providing the cytotoxic CD8 cells and B cells producing antibody to attack invaders. ...Read more

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What is the nk cell, and why is it so important?

What is the nk cell, and why is it so important?

Natural killer cells: Natural killer, a white blood cell, cells are rapid responses to virally infected cells and respond to tumor formation, acting at around 3 days after infection. This is one of our first lines of defense for infection and cancers. Without this our body is much more prone to infection. ...Read more

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How is granulated tissue removed from the vigina?

How is granulated tissue removed from the vigina?

Very easily: Granulation tissue can be very easily excised/biopsied, cauterized with silver nitrate or electrocautery, vaporized with a laser or destroyed by cryotherapy in an office or an ambulatory surgical unit. You and your gynecologist have several options. ...Read more

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What are helper T cells, killer T cells, and B cells?

What are helper T cells, killer T cells, and B cells?

Lymphocytes: Part of white blood cells, there are different types of lymphocytes, all look alike under the microscope, their functions differ, as their names imply, helper T cells orchestrate most of the immune system functions, killer T cells, are one of the first lines of body defence against invading microorganisms, and B cells' main function is to produce antibodies against microbes with the help of T cells ...Read more

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What binds to mast cells and causes them to degranulate?

What binds to mast cells and causes them to degranulate?

Amongst others, IgE: IgE is an antibody that binds to the mast cell surface (aka "allergy antibody"). Its binding to an allergen causes the mast cell to deganulate. Non-IgE molecules can also cause mast cells to degranulate or just lower the threshold level for degranulation. These include signalling molecules (cytokines/hormones), drugs such as narcotics and NSAIDS, neuropeptides, tissue injury and microbes/toxins ...Read more

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What are the differences between helper T cells and B cells?

What are the differences between helper T cells and B cells?

Lymphocytes: Part of white blood cells, there are different types of lymphocytes, all look alike under the microscope, their functions differ, as their names imply, helper T cells orchestrate most of the immune system functions, killer T cells, are one of the first lines of body defence against invading microorganisms, and B cells' main function is to produce antibodies against microbes with the help of T cells ...Read more

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What are the differences between naive t cells and helper t cells?

What are the differences between naive t cells and helper t cells?

Complex: Shall try to make it simple: naive T cell is a mature T cell, that either differentiates into CD4+ cell, helper T cell, or CD8+ cell, cytotoxic T lymphocyte CTL. Each has a different function in the intricate immune system ...Read more

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What is cell therapy?

What is cell therapy?

Let me explain: Cell therapy describes the process of introducing new cells into a tissue in order to treat a disease. Cell therapies often focus on the treatment of hereditary diseases, with or without the addition of gene therapy. Cell therapy is a sub-type of regenerative medicine. ...Read more

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Are antigens and t-cells related?

Yes and no: T cells are a particular type of cell of the specific immune system. T cells can be activated by specific antigens through their t cell receptors. An antigen is a particle with that is recognized by the immune system (b cells, antibodies, t cells, etc.). ...Read more

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What causes squarmis cell carcinoma?

Depends on location: The most common form of squamous cell carcinoma (scc) occurs on skin, with sun damage being the leading cause. Scc can also occur in the esophagus, lung, oral cavity, and anal canal. Prolonged exposure to irritants such as smoking and chewing tobacco can lead to increased risk of scc in the lung and oral cavity. A certain type of virus (human papillomavirus) can also increase the risk of scc. ...Read more

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What are integrins in the cell membrane?

What are integrins in the cell membrane?

Integrin: Integrins are receptors that mediate the attachment between a cell and the tissues that surround it, such as other cells or the extracellular matrix (ecm. ...Read more

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How do cell mutations happen in fetuses?

How do cell mutations happen in fetuses?

At conception.: At conception the maternal egg or the paternal sperm cell may carry mutations that are passed on to the fetus. ...Read more

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What is the prevalent cell receptor in our brains?

What is the prevalent cell receptor in our brains?

Glutamine: This is the most common neurotransmitter in the brain, but there are hundreds of types of receptor in the brain overall, and it would be a mistake to say any is the most important. ...Read more

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Could you please describe briefly how viruses infect cells and replicate themselves?

Could you please describe briefly how viruses infect cells and replicate themselves?

Virology 101: This is a very broad question- and impossible to answer in 400 characters. There are thousands of different viruses that infect humans, and many of them utilize their own specific routes and replicative cycles that they've developed over millenia. If you have a more specific Q about a certain virus, that's much easier to answer. These things were designed to infect and cause problems. ...Read more

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What is/are the best test (s) for detecting a monoclonal plasma cell disorder? How sensitive are these tests? Which types of mpcds can they detect?

What is/are the best test (s) for detecting a monoclonal plasma cell disorder? How sensitive are these tests? Which types of mpcds can they detect?

SPEP: The best test is a serum protein electrophoresis. It is very sensitive and specific. The disease is rare in anyone under the age of 40. For the vast majority of people the disease does not progress for many years 10-20+ so there is no role for screening. ...Read more

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What are LE cells?

What are LE cells?

LE Cells: A neutrophil or macrophage (type of white blood cell) that has been engulfed the denatured nuclear material of another cell. The denatured material is an absorbed hematoxylin body (also called an LE body). They are a characteristic of lupus erythematosus, but also found in similar connective tissue disorders. LE Test for lupus: positive when 10 or more of these cells are seen under microscope ...Read more

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What are b-cells and its functions?

Antibodies: B cells are immune cells that develop in the Bone marrow and mature in the lymphoid organs. They make antibodies that protect our bodies from foreign invaders such as viruses. Most vaccines work by stimulating our body's B cells to make antibodies so that they can already be present to protect us when we are exposed to an actual viral infection. ...Read more

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What is langerhans cell histiocytotis?

What is langerhans cell histiocytotis?

Abnormal cells: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (lch) involves abnormal cells developing from bone marrow which can migrate to different parts of the body. ...Read more

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Granulation/ dryness on inner eyelidscontact lenses, what to do?

Granulation/ dryness on inner eyelidscontact lenses, what to do?

Dryness: Dryness makes contact lenses uncomfortable. One can try wetting drops made to be used with contact lenses. If any discomfort persists, it is important to return to the eye MD who prescribed the contact lenses. There can be sensitivities to the lens material, allergies, poor fit, overwear problems, and other issues. ...Read more