glaucoma

Condition Uncommon
Description
Conditions (6)
Treatments (6)
Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that carries visual information from the eye to the brain. In many cases, damage to the optic nerve is due to increased pressure in the eye, also known as intraocular pressure (IOP).

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Define glaucoma?

Ongoing nerve damage

Glaucoma
group of eye diseases characterized by progressive damage to the optic nerve, typically with an eye pressure too high for the given eye, leading to slow visual loss over time. at end stage disease, all patients have a "cupped" out nerve due to degeneration of the retinal nerve fiber layer with corresponding loss of visual field.
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What is glaucoma?

Eye disease

Glaucoma
there are many types of glaucoma, but the final common pathway is the progressive loss of ganglion cells (faster than age-related loss) and resultant increase in "cupping" of the optic nerve, leading to loss of vision. the cause of glaucoma can be multifactorial and is typically divided into mechanical and vascular issues
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Does glaucoma hurt?

It can

Glaucoma
There are 2 main types of glaucoma, closed-angle (acute) and open-angle (chronic). Acute glaucoma is less common, but can present with sudden eye pain due to an increase in intraocular pressure. Chronic glaucoma commonly does not present with eye pain as the process of the disease is more gradual. Be sure to see your doctor if you are experiencing any eye symptoms or are concerned about glaucoma.
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Is glaucoma genetic?

Multifactorial

Aging
some glaucoma types have been mapped to specific genes through genetic linkage analysis and genome wide association studies, but this is a small percentage of glaucoma cases. glaucoma is likely an interplay of genetic susceptibility as well as aging and other factors especially since there are many types.
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Is glaucoma painful?

Not ordinarily

Congenital_cataract
The two main types of glaucoma are open angle & angle closure. The former is painless and progressive, if not stabilized. The latter also tends to be slow and progressive, but usually gradually closes the drainage angle of the eye. If acute angle closure of the angle occurs, considerable pain results and loss of vision ensues, if not urgently treated by medicine and laser or incisional surgery
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Is glaucoma curable?

No

Glaucoma
The answer depends on how you define curable. We don't eliminate glaucoma with today's therapies, and we currently cannot restore vision that is permanently lost due to glaucomatous damage. However, we lower the intraocular pressure through medications, laser, or surgery in order to slow down or halt the rate of glaucoma progression so that you can outlive losing your sight.
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What causes glaucoma?

Mostly unknown

Glaucoma
A few cases of glaucoma occur due to trauma, inherited problems and anatomical underpinnings. The majority - 'open angle glaucoma'- is largely age related with no known cause.
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Is glaucoma inherited?

Some are

Glaucoma
There are many different types of glaucoma, some caused secondarily through trauma or other diseases. But there are some type of glaucoma where genetics are involved but not 100%. In other words just because your parents have it doesn't mean you have to get it. However, risk is certainly higher....
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how to treat glaucoma ?

Depends on type

Glaucoma
may require eye drops to lower pressure may require laser or cataract removal to open a narrow angle may require glaucoma surgery if the pressure is still too high despite topical medications and/or different laser encourage exercise, remove any secondary causes/side effects follow with a specialist
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Can glaucoma be treated?

Yes

Neuropathy
Glaucoma is a complex group of diseases resulting in a specific optic neuropathy with resultant visual field loss and ultimately,central visual loss if not treated.Open Angle Glaucoma can be treated,but usually not cured Treatment includes eye drops, laser trabeculoplasty,and if severe, glaucoma surgery using tubes and shunts and valves. Acute Glaucoma can usually be successfully treated by laser
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