Doctor insights on:
Glands Lack Crowding Or Atypia
Endometrium is tubular to elongated endometrial glands, separated by dense stroma, and focal crowding of stroma with areas of hemorrhage, nonsecretory?
Abnormal bleeding: The biopsy you described suggests that you are not having regular cycles and your doctor wanted to confirm that there was not a precancerous condition in your uterus. If you go for long periods of time without a menstrual cycle and still have a thick endometrium, it can become precancerous. You may need to take medications to regulate your cycles to prevent these changes. ...Read more
Pain under jaw in submandibular gland, CT ,mri and dental X-rays normal. DX of salivary gland problems or oromandibular dyskinesia. Would botox help?
Perhaps, but: It makes more sense to find out what is the cause of the pain and dyskinesia. The most common cause for such pain is an unresolved infection draining from an unhealthy tooth. Dyskinesia can be a local factor related to the TM joint or a systemic factor, such as a stage 2 Lyme Disease manifestation like Parkinsons Disease or MS. ...Read more
What it means:Chronic exocervicitis with focal mild-moderate dysplasia and koilocytotic changes(cin1-2)(hsil) partially involving endocervical glands?
Pathology report states: Postmenapausal Weakly-proliferative endometrium with focal glandular crowding. Focal mucinous metaplasia. Is this something t?
Excess estrogen : This is suggestive of an increased estrogen state and maybe be a precursor to endometrial hyperplasia. alternatively it may be a component of a polyp. If you are in hormone supplements or tamoxifen you should consider stopping them. It warrants follow up with periodic re biopsy yo make sure nothing else is brewing. The good news is they didn't see any tumor. ...Read more
Breastduct excision fibrocystic changes,ductal hyperplasia w/o atypical,apocrine metaplasia,dilated benign ducts with thermal artifact.this means what?
No cancer: All of the changes in your breast are benign and there is no cancer. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more
Breast pathology reports tiny cyst lined by apocrine metaplasia no lesion seen. Please explain if this indicates any fybrocystic or hormonal changes. ?
Early transformation: Tiny cysts can appear in the breast as a result of hormone activity on the milk duct lining resulting in duct blockage and the formation of cytst. Apocrine metaplasia suggest that early transformational changes are taking place and if left the area and premalignant cells in the field around the cytic changes can revert to malignancy. The cysts and surrounding area should be resected. ...Read more
Thyroid FNA stated abundant micro follicules with overlapping nuclei that are mildly enlarged with nucleoli but no definitive grooves or inclusions.
Follicles: Unless the pathologist can rule out cancer from this (and grooves and inclusions or the absence thereof isn't so helpful if it's follicles), or the pathologist recommends repeat FNA, you'll want that thing removed. I've seen plenty of thyroid cancers made of microfollicles, and presence of visible nucleoli is perhaps troubling as well. ...Read more
Follicular hyperplasia with active germinal centre and sinus histiocytosis. Level 2 cervical lymph node 2.1 x 0.9 x 0.5cm. What are the causes?
MRI shows adenomatous hyperplastic changes of bilateral adrenal glands. What type of surgery is required, if any? Having Cushing workup in 4wks.
Adrenal hyperplasia: 46 F MRI shows adenomatous hyperplastic changes of bilateral adrenal glands. What type of surgery is required, if any? Having Cushing workup in 4wks. ANS: at your age most likely have Conn's syndrome if you have any BP problems. Why was MRI done? I specialize in this and happy to do 2nd opinion. Can make better recommendations after I see a picture of your face and talk to you. ...Read more
Can hoshimotos automimmune disease of the thyroid make the submandibular glands enlarged? Or any salivary glands enlarged?
What does all this mean..Heterogeneous glandular tissue w mild increased vascularity suggestive of thyroiditis/no focal lesion identified?
Goiter/FNA: If this is your fna/fine needle aspirate result, then your doc will likely recommend medication and monitoring for your thyroid disease. ...Read more
Thyroid nodule with rare cluster ofoverlapping enlarged cells, grooves and pale chromatin. Rebiopsy or surgery? 2.9x1.1x2.2 cm
You have a choice: The results you are sharing are benign. The cells were likely from a fna biopsy. The size of your thyroid nodule meets criteria for removal, greater than 2.5 cm. Okay to talk to your doc and your surgeon about risk/benefits of waiting a few months with repeat ultrasound versus surgery now to remove one side of your thyroid. Good luck. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
In a biopsy report for atypical ductal hyperplasia, are benign margins the same as clear margins. Or does it mean more adh (vasopressin)
WHAT DOES BENIGN ENDOMETRIUM WITH A PROLIFERATIVE PATTERN, GLANDULAR BREAKDOWN AND DIFFUSE STROMAL BREAKDOWN - SCANT BENIGN ENDOCERVICAL TISSUE MEAN?
No worries!: Benign is normal or "non-cancerous". Proliferative just means the cells are in the phase where they are dividing which is normal during the estrogen part of the cycle. Endocervical tissue is just cells that came from inside the cervix - these were also benign! All good news! ...Read more
What to expect of biopsy of ill marginated focal asymetry of breast and two masses that are yet unidentified ( lipoma orlymphs)?
What does colonic mucosa with focal glandular atypia suggestive of diminutive, early adenomatous polyp mean?
Not cancer: The description you gave is not a cause for any concern. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. Get HPV vaccine. ...Read more
What does BENIGN ENDOMETRIUM W/ ATROPHIC CHANGES & FEATURES OF GLANDULAR & STROMAL BREAKDOWN mean? NEG FOR HYPHYPERPLASIA, ATYPIA, OR MALIGNANCY.
Pathology 101: An endometrial biopsy is usually done to look for cancer, and the pathologist here saw no signs of cancer (malignancy/atypia) in the sample obtained. The other findings can be seen with or close to menopause (natural or induced by surgery or medications), and can be normal in many situations, but context (why the test was done) is important to be able to interpret this result uniquely for you. ...Read more
What does multiple infiltratine non-enhancing lesions of both parotid glands nd floor of mouth means?
See your doc soon: Did you have a ct scan or sialogram x-ray of face/neck area? Non-enhancing generally means the contrast dye or some metabolically active substance injected at time of test did not enter the involved area. Infiltrate usually refers to abnormal soft tissue inside an organ or gland. Below is a very good site below for parotid disease and issues http://www.Parotidmd.Com. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What does 'Heterogeneous thyroid glands bilaterally with diffusely increase vascularity' mean? And also what is a 'hypertrophied parathyroid gland'?
Endocrinologist: It means that there is abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland,which has three zones,symmetrically. An enlargement of a parathyroid gland is called hyperplasia. These findings are abnormal and are considered a multiglandular problem which requires the evaluation and treatment advice from an endocrinologist. ...Read more
Mammogram with no signs or symptoms of breast cancer. Result 0.6 CM asymmetry in the central region of breast what does this mean?
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