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Doctor insights on: Gestational Diabetes Chronic Hypertension

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How is gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed?

How is gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed?

High blood sugar: Pregnancy can make a woman's body resistant to Insulin (similar to type 2 diabetes). If she was not diabetic before being pregnant and meets one of several sets of criteria for diabetes after becoming pregnant, then she may have gestational diabetes. This gives her an increased risk of developing diabetes after delivering the baby. Usually found during routine glucose tolerance testing. Thanks! ...Read more

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Dr. Adam Lewis
324 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Definition)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to ...Read more


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Is gestational diabetes treatable?

Is gestational diabetes treatable?

Sure: If it's mild, diet and exercise may be all that's needed. If it's more severe you may need Insulin to control the blood sugars to help avoid complications. Also be aware that you're at risk to develop diabetes later in life too and should be checked occassionally for it. ...Read more

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Is gestational diabetes hereditary?

Is gestational diabetes hereditary?

Yes, but partially: Gestational diabetes, which is often a precursor to type 2 diabetes, has a strong hereditary genetic component. The tendency for the body to be insulin-resistant and insulin-deficient (leading to high sugars) are often transmitted in the genetic make-up. However, gestational diabetes is also strongly related to other non-hereditary factors like age, weight, physical activity levels, and diet habits. ...Read more

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Is gestational diabetes curable?

Is gestational diabetes curable?

Possibly.: Gestational diabetes usually goes away on its own after delivery. However, it is possible that women with gestational diabetes may continue to have problems with Insulin resistance after their pregnancy, and are at higher risk of going on to develop diabetes. They are also more likely to have gestational diabetes in subsequent pregnancies. ...Read more

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What causes Gestational diabetes?

What causes Gestational diabetes?

Insulin Resistance: Gestational Diabetes is the development of glucose "intolerance" after the diagnosis of pregnancy has been made. During pregnancy, at least 6 factors are produced by the pregnancy that interfere with the body's ability to manage blood sugar by blocking the action of insulin. Age, weight, previous history,, and family history are among the risk factors. Diet,and/or medication (oral or insulin) ...Read more

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Gestational diabetes mellitus--what are risk factors or causes?

Gestational diabetes mellitus--what are risk factors or causes?

Weight/Family Hist.: Obesity is a major risk for any diabetes. The other factor is genetics. There are many women of asian descent who have a normal weight (and body mass index), but develop gestational or regular diabetes. Obesity is one that people can modify though. ...Read more

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How is gestational diabetes diagnosed?

How is gestational diabetes diagnosed?

Glucose tolerance: Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with a glucose tolerance test, more precisely, 1 hour glucose tolerance test. That implies taking a 75 gram glucose load (usually a sweetened drink is served) and measurement of glucose 1 hour after that. The test doesn't need to be done on empty stomach. If abnormal, it is followed by the 3 hour glucose tolerance test that is done on empty stomach. ...Read more

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How are diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus different?

How are diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus different?

Very different: Diabetes mellitus is the typical "diabetes" that we are familiar with. It's caused by an Insulin problem (too little or just not working well (resistance)) causing elevation in blood sugar. Diabetes insipidus is a water problem characterized by lots of urination and high sodium level. It's caused by an ADH (vasopressin) (antidiuretic hormone) problem (too little or just not working well). ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Glucose intolerance: The short paragraph here doesn't give me alot to explain this, but basically pregnancy is a relatively glucose resistant state and the more times you are pregnant, the more likely you get gestational diabetes. There are alterations in Insulin levels and Insulin resistance during the pregnancy. The typical american diet of high sugar processed foods doesn't help. ...Read more

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What are the predisposing factors in gestational diabetes mellitus?

What are the predisposing factors in gestational diabetes mellitus?

Weight/Genetics: Diabetes often runs in families, and 70% of women with gestational diabetes will get diabetes later in life. Major risks include obesity (body mass index >30), older maternal age, past history of gestational diabetes, and ethnicity (african americans, native americans, south asia/india, hispanic, pacific islanders, and some from the caribbean). Be sure to get re-tested 6-12 weeks after delivery. ...Read more

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Possible complications of diabetes mellitus?

Possible complications of diabetes mellitus?

Many: Diabetes is a multi system disease. Therefore it can affect almost any part of your body. You name, i can tie a potential diabetic complication. I'll quickly go head to toe. 1: brain - stroke 2: eyes: blindness 3: heart: coronary disease 4: gi: gastroparesis (slowing) 5: genito/urinary: erectile dysfunction 6: legs: poor circulation this is just a small sampling! ...Read more

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How does diabetes mellitus causes placental insufficiency ?

How does diabetes mellitus causes placental insufficiency ?

Blood flow: Diabetes is a glucose control disorder that affects blood vessels. If diabetes is well controlled then the injury to blood vessels is negligible. When blood vessels are narrowed or compromised-then the fetus receives less blood flow and nutrients which may be associated with newborn problems. ...Read more

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Is gestational diabetes a disease?

Is gestational diabetes a disease?

Yes.: Gestational diabetes is when during pregnancy, a woman is unable to produce enough Insulin to regulate her body's blood sugar. Gestational diabetes should be managed carefully to reduce health risks to the woman and her fetus. Also, there is higher risk of developing diabetes in the future. ...Read more

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Can gestational hypertension be cured?

Hypertension: Gestational hypertension occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. It is a blood pressure of 140/90 without any protein in the urine or any biochemical abnormalities seen with pre-eclampsia. The cure for gestational hypertension is delivery of the infant. Medical intervention is not always necessary and will depend upon the gestational age of the fetus. ...Read more

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Can gestational hypertension cause heart failure?

Can gestational hypertension cause heart failure?

Yes: Heart failure for the fetus and seizures with heart failure in mothers. ...Read more

Dr. Michael Carson
387 doctors shared insights

Diabetes Onset During Pregnancy (Definition)

Gestation diabetes is diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. This develops when pregnancy hormones change a patient's metabolism so that they can not regulate their blood sugar. A patient with GDM will have to go on a low sugar and low carb diet and monitor blood sugars very carefully. Sometimes they will require medications. There is a 30% chance ...Read more


Dr. Alison Stuebe
251 doctors shared insights

Gestational Diabetes (Definition)

Gestational diabetes occurs in women who are pregnant. Prior to becoming pregant the woman was not diabetic and once the woman delivers the baby the diabetes goes away, although she has a higher chance of getting non-insulin-dependent diabetes in the future. With gestational diabetes, hormones from the pregnancy ...Read more