Doctor insights on:
Gamma Hemolytic Streptococcus Treatment
Common: Group b is strep is a normal bacteria in the vagina for three out of ten women. It is not caused by anything in particular and is not harmful to you unless it makes it way into the bladder and cause a urinary tract infection which should be treated. Pregnant women are tested at 35-36 weeks because while the bacteria isn't harmful to mom the baby could get pneumonia and very ill from group b strep. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is a group of bacteria that grown in long chains of cocci (round cells). They are classified in part by whether they hemolyze sheep red blood cells completely, partial or not at all. The beta (complete) hemolysis ones are further classified by their capsules and the prototype is group a streptococci, that cause strep throat and rheumatic fever. The Alpha (partial) ...Read more
Alpha hemolytic streptococcus are non pathogenic but streptococcus pneumoniae is grouped under this group. Why?
They're pathogemic: Alpha hemolytic strep are not non-pathogenic. They include the pneumococcus ( strep pnemoniae) and also viridans group strep. These all cause human disease. ...Read more
See below : We usually do not treat positive urine cultures unless the person has urinary symptoms such as burning while urinating, urinating much more than often, or bloody urine...The main exception when we do treat positive urine cultures regardless of symptoms is in pregnant women. Anyways you should definitely check with your doctor. ...Read more
3 different kinds: Streptococci growing on so-called blood agar can be alpha-hemolytic (partial hemolysis) causing a ring of green around the colony, beta- hemolytic (complete hemolysis) causing a clear ring around the colony, or gamma-hemolytic (no hemolysis) with no ring around the colony. ...Read more
Complex: M. Avium- intracellulare (mac) infections can result in lung and other organ damage , depending on the severity of immunodeficiency. In people with an intact immune system , mac infection is a slow process and can take years before therapy is initiated (2 or 3 antibiotics- e.g. Ethambutol, cipro, (ciprofloxacin) and rifabutin). Therapy can last a minimum of 12 months if a lung infection is involved. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is GBS a second cause of my UTI? culture results: 10,000 CFU/mL Streptococcus Group B, (S. agalactiae) AND >100,000 CFU/mL Escherichia coli
Antibody replacement: Combined antibody from a pool of healthy donors is given to patients who either do not make antibody for themselves or cannot make specific antibody against a pathogen. The product is also given in the context of several hyperinflamatory or autoimmune disorders because the pooled antibody either blocks the activity of rogue/autoimmune antibodies or downregulates overactive white blood cells. ...Read more
Antibiotics: Group b strep is a bacteria present in vaginal flora; although harmless to women, it can cause devastating disease in the newborn. That is why pregnant women are screened for group b strep – and it positive are given Ampicillin a few hours before delivery or an equivalent medication if the patient is Ampicillin allergic, to prevent transmission of the bacteria to the infant. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Normal skin bacteria: Group b strep is a common bacteria which grows on our skin. We screen for gbs in pregnancy around the vaginal and rectal area but it can grow on the skin anywhere. It is not transmitted or spread from person to person as it is a normal bacterial flora. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It depends...: The bacterial infection should probably be treated, possibly with antibiotics. Then the cause of hemolytic anemia needs to be investigated. If it was a consequence of the infection, then it should get a better once the infection is treated but many other causes are also possible so consulting with your physician is necessary for adequate diagnosis and treatment. ...Read more
Gram pos bacteria: Streptococcus agalactiae is part of normal colonic and vaginal flora. It can be transmitted to neonates at birth causing neonatal sepsis. They are gram positive chain forming cocci. This organism causes many different infections in adults including female genital tract infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, skin and soft tissue infections and meningitis. ...Read more
Stopping dapsone: The best way to treat Dapsone related anemia is by discontinuing dapsone. Dapsone causes hemolytic anemia which is dose-dependent and can be stopped only with discontinuing the drug. Usual practice is to use the lowest possible doses of Dapsone and support with vitamin E and folic acid. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is IVIG given for pneumococcal antibody deficiency. What cause pneumococcal deficiency? What's the usual treatment?
More Complicated: IVIG or subcutaneous forms are given for immune deficiencies. There is a type of immune deficiency called common variable immune deficiency which usually results in low IgG antibody and impaired response to pneumococcal vaccination of infection. If you are worried about this, you should see an immunologist for further evaluation. ...Read more
What test indicate old or previously treated infectious diseases? Antigen, toxin, protein, anti-body..?
Extremely complicate: It depends on what disease. Syphilis for example has several tests..Rpr using a reagin looking for an antibody to the spirochete. Clostridium difficile looks for toxin a and b. Hiv western blot looks for HIV envelope proteins. Igm indicated a more recent infection while igg a longer time interval. It is not as simple as it seems defining old vs new..Tb for instance is a good example. ...Read more
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