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Doctor insights on: Galactosemia Mutation Analysis

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Is hemophilia a gene mutation?

Is hemophilia a gene mutation?

Yes: Both hemophilia a and b are due to mutations in genes on the x chromosome. ...Read more

Mutation (Definition)

In genetics, a mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal genetic element. Mutations result from unrepaired damage to dna or to RNA genomes (typically caused by radiation or chemical mutagens), from errors in the process of replication, or from the insertion or deletion of segments of dna ...Read more


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What chromosomal mutation results in alagille syndrome?

What chromosomal mutation results in alagille syndrome?

ALGS: Alagille syndrome (algs) is a complex multisystem disorder involving primarily the liver, heart, eyes, face, and skeleton. The two genes in which mutations are known to cause algs are jag1 and notch2. Mutations in jag1 are known to cause about 94%-96% of cases of algs. Mutations in notch2 are known to cause algs in 1%-2% of individuals. ...Read more

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Etiology of DNA mutations?

Etiology of DNA mutations?

Replication error: Most changes in dna come from errors in the duplication of the dna. But changes can occur in the structure from radiation and some chemicals especially those used in chemotherapy. Most mutations are harmless, some are tracked down by your normal reparative mechanism but a few can cause trouble including cancer. ...Read more

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Who needs apc genetic testing?

Who needs apc genetic testing?

History of polyps: General indications for APC gene testing include patients who themselves have had 10 or more adenomas or have had a desmoid tumor, or patients who have a family member with an APC gene mutation found on genetic testing. ...Read more

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Is williams syndrome a gene or chromosomal mutation ?

Is williams syndrome a gene or chromosomal mutation ?

Microdeletion: Williams syndrome is caused by small loss (deletion) of genetic material from long arm of chromosome number 7. ...Read more

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What is a hereditary hemochromatosis DNA mutation?

What is a hereditary hemochromatosis DNA mutation?

Gene Mutation: This is a mutation in one of the genes that help to process iron absorption. The mutation, if present in 2 copies, can cause too much iron to be absorbed. The excess iron then deposits in other organs and can cause disease - cirrhosis, diabetes, impotence. Having only one mutation may not lead to disease. You should discuss this with your doctor to see if you are at risk of developing disease. ...Read more

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How do a gene mutation and a chromosomal mutation differ?

Mutations: A chromosome will contain many genes, so a chromosome mutation will effect many genes. A gene mutation will have an effect only on that gene. ...Read more

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Can phenylketonuria (pku) be a chromosomal mutation?

Can phenylketonuria (pku) be a chromosomal mutation?

Sort of: It may be a matter of terminology. Pku is a genetic disorder due to mutations in a gene. See this site for more info. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/phenylketonuria/ds00514. ...Read more

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Can a pedigree trace autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant diseases?

Family tree: If you have enough information, a well filled out family tree can sometimes reveal patterns of inheritance. This includes autosomal recessive /dominant or x linked forms of inheritance. ...Read more

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Is factor 7 gene mutation (heterozygote) thrombophila?

No: Factor 7 mutation is very rare and causes increased risk of bleeding (not being able to clot). Factor 5 deficiency is the most common form of thrombophilia (increased risk of abnormal clotting). ...Read more

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What chromosome is mutated in sickle cell disease?

What chromosome is mutated in sickle cell disease?

11: The beta globin gene is mutated in sickle cell anemia; it is located on chromosome 11. ...Read more

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Is marfan's syndrome a genetic mutation?

Is marfan's syndrome a genetic mutation?

Yes: Yes it is a mutation in the fbn1 gene on chromosome 15. This gene is responsible for providing the instructions for making a protien called fibrillin which becomes part of microfibrils. Microfibrils are important for providing the strength and flexibility of connective tissue. Connective tissue provides strength and flexibility to bones, ligaments, muscles, blood vessels and heart values. ...Read more

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Is a neural tube defect a chromosomal mutation or a gene mutation?

Both or neither.: While neural tube disorders can be a genetic mutation (gene is a functional unit of heredity occupying a specific spot--locus--on a chromosome), they occur most commonly in the setting of Folic Acid deficiency during pregnancy--hence prenatal vitamins with folic acid. Ntds occur in 1/1000 births, and range from spina bifida occulta to anencephaly. ...Read more

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Sickle trait is a recessive gene?

basically yes: The mutation that causes sickle cell disease is a recessive mutation in that you need two copies of the changed gene to have the disease (or one copy plus another mutation on the other gene like beta thalassemia, hemoglobin c, hemoglobin e, etc). If you only have one copy, you have sickle cell trait. ...Read more

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What chromosome carries the gene for sickle cell anemia?

Chromosome No. 11: Point mutation at beta-globin gene located at chromosome no. 11 results in production of defective hemoglobin, sickle hemoglobin. ...Read more

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Is homocystinuria a gene disorder?

Yes: Homocystinuria is an inherited genetic disorder that impairs the metabolism of the Amino Acid methionine. It is a recessive disorder, which means that you have to have two faulty copies of the gene (inherited singularly from each parent) to be cinically affected. ...Read more

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Are gene mutations common? What about deletions?

Are gene mutations common? What about deletions?

Gene mutations: Truthfully, the human genome project has revealed that mutations are common. Deletions exist. The impact is not fully understood. But is real. ...Read more

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Is klinefelter's syndrome a somatic or genetic mutation?

More than one x: It is a genetic anomaly in which a phenotypic male has more than one x chromosome, in addition to the y chromosome. The disorder is associated with poor testicular development and infertility, obesity. ...Read more

Dr. Krishna Kumar
17 doctors shared insights

Galactosemia (Definition)

It is a rare genetic metabolic disorder that affects an individual's ability to metabolize the sugar galactose properly. If it is a newborn he cannot be on breast milk of cow's milk based formula, he should be switched to soy formula and ...Read more