Doctor insights on:
No. but...: Not all kinds of enterococcus are pathogenic. Your question seems to ask about staph aureus - which as a cause of food poisoning, doesn't make you sick by invading or acting directly as a pathogen. Rather, it grows and makes a toxin (a poison) in improperly stored foods - if one eats it, the toxin is what makes a person sick, not the bacteria itself. ...Read more
Schistosomiasis: The creatures entering, or trying to enter, the skin can produce katayama fever or just a rash. The eggs can cause pipestem cirrhosis of the liver, fibrosis of the bladder which may have squamous cancer supervene, or stroke / paralysis from brain / cord involvement. Embolization of the eggs is the world's commonest cause of "primary" pulmonary hypertension. ...Read more
Anopheles: mosquitoes are the one's responsible for transmitting malaria. There are actually hundreds of different species. I've even heard that mosquitoes are the most dangerous 'animal' on the planet - although I think it may actually be humans. Check this out http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anopheles Interesting indeed! Good news is we don't have malaria in the U.S. anymore (unless it's an imported case!) ...Read more
...: Schistosomiasis is caused by a parasite. The worms responsible are not found in the us, though worldwide 200 million people are infected. Infection occurs when skin comes into contact with contaminated freshwater, and can lead to itching or a rash. The infection can also impact the bladder, liver, lung, intestines, and less commonly the brain and spinal cord. There are effective treatment options. ...Read more
Pseudomonas: More information will be needed to answer your question. Where is the "heavy growth of pseudomonas species?" Is it from the skin, wound, urine, blood, etc; from an animal (dog, cat etc) or a patient? What is the severity of the infection; Is the person sick/admitted to the hospital? ...Read more
Are all bellybuttons proportionally in the same spot across the human species? Can you share some sources?
Apparently.: There are no studies that say differently. There are congenital deformities that may affect location and appearance., some may have increased incidence in certain populations. Good question, but I can find nothing suggesting any differences, based on ethnicity. ...Read more
Tough question: There are about two dozen known prion diseases caused by more or less distinct prions. Yet the underlying prions do fal, into two large classes. Then there are normal prion type proteins found throughout the body and in the brain. The truth is that this is afield of such new and active research that a solid taxonomy has not yet been developed (so far as i know). ...Read more
?species?: I think you are talking about active cultures.At the point of production, probiotics have a specified number of active cultures(in billions) and usually include a dozen or more species. I've seen some tout up to 15 b active cultures and the number is fine. After the product sits on the shelf a few months the number falls.I consider it benign, and safe. ...Read more
Contaminant: Most likely it is a microbe that just happened to be present rather than one causing infection. Your physician can address this with you. ...Read more
E.coil species grown in culture ans sensitive to netromycin, meropenam, gentamyci with tazobactum, is this true?
Differentiate between staphylococcus and streptococcus species in terms of Morphology,Biochemical test and Culture?
Staph vs Strep: This is a complex subject that is not conducive to extensive discussion here. Suggest you get a microbiology text. Staphylococci are larger and grow more in clumps than chains. Staph that produce coagulase are species aureus, the others are a wide variety of less pathogenic organisms except for lugdenensis which has characteristics of aureus in producing disease. ...Read more
Please clarify: I do not understand your questionGet a more detailed answer ›
Legionella: Normal if never exposed is negative. If you've had legionellosis you can have persistent positive titters. Rising titters suggest recent or ongoing infection. ...Read more