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Doctor insights on: Functional Anatomy Of The Endocrine Glands

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Describe the function of the adrenal gland?

Describe the function of the adrenal gland?

Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more

Dr. Tyrone Malloy
261 doctors shared insights

Endocrine System (Definition)

The endocrine system is a group of organs composed of glands that secrete hormones. These hormones have important regulatory functions such as growth, metabolism, ...Read more


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What is the function of the adrenal gland in human body?

What is the function of the adrenal gland in human body?

Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more

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What's the function of parathyroid hormone?

What's the function of parathyroid hormone?

Maintains blood cal.: The main function of parathyroid hormone is to maintain a normal blood calcium level. It does this by released calcium from bones, reabsorbing claium in the kidneys and stimulating clacium absorption from the intestine. ...Read more

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What is the function of the adrenal gland in relation to kidney function?

What is the function of the adrenal gland in relation to kidney function?

Adrenal and kidney: Please go online and type in "adrenal gland and kidney". You will find many readable and understandable articles and there are a number of images for you you to peruse. ...Read more

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What are some disorders of the anterior pituitary gland?

What are some disorders of the anterior pituitary gland?

Too much, too little: Hi. The anterior pituitary hormones are TSH, ACTH, GH, LH, FSH, Prolactin (PRL). Disease occurs when ANY of them are over-produced or under-produced, although the frequency of such disease states varies widely (although ALL said diseases are, at face value, uncommon). Famous ones are Cushing's, acromegaly, and prolactinoma. ...Read more

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What is the function of adrenal glands in adults?

What is the function of adrenal glands in adults?

Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more

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What are the accessory glands in the male reproductive system?

What are the accessory glands in the male reproductive system?

See remarks: there are several accessory glands 1) prostate & seminal vesicles :they provide a medium & reservoir for the sperm .The bulk of the ejaculate is the product of these 2 organs.(the sperm is a minute part of the ejaculate. 2) Littre glands : these glands below the prostate provide lubrication These are the basic accessory glands ...Read more

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Can you explain the regulation of adrenal cortex function by the way of the pituitary gland stimulation of the adrena?

Can you explain the regulation of adrenal cortex function by the way of the pituitary gland stimulation of the adrena?

Feedforward/feedback: Hi. Hypothalamus important, but to keep it simple, pituitary ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to make cortisol. Cortisol negatively feeds back to suppress pituitary ACTH. If cortisol falls or a big stress is encountered, ACTH goes up and stimulates more cortisol production. The pituitary "sees" the increase in cortisol, and cuts back on ACTH to keep cortisol in appropriate range. Diurnal pattern ...Read more

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Which organs do the pituitary gland influence?

Which organs do the pituitary gland influence?

Many: Breast, adrenal glands, thyroid glands, ovaries and testes, and kidneys, bones muscles, metabolism of the whole body blood pressure control and others. ...Read more

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Which is the largest endocrine gland in human body?

Which is the largest endocrine gland in human body?

Thyroid Gland: The thyroid gland is the largest purely endocrine gland. The Pancreas is larger, but is technically a heterocrine gland (exocrine and endocrine function). ...Read more

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What is the function of the adrenal gland in the body?

What is the function of the adrenal gland in the body?

Endocrine gland: The adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys and their main function is to make hormones. The adrenal glands make hormones in response to stress (cortisol, epinephrine), hormones that affect kidney function and blood pressure (aldosterone), and sex hormones (androgens). These hormones circulate all around the body to affect the target organs and tissues. ...Read more

Dr. TRUC DAO Dr. DAO
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What's the role of the endocrine system in the body?

Dr. TRUC DAO Dr. DAO
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What's the role of the endocrine system in the body?

Endocrine: Each hormone is a chemical that control function of many different organs. Brain hormones send orders to organs to work. Brain secretes TSH to order thyroid to work to control whole body. Sexual hormones control brain and whole body, as does Insulin controls use of sugar in whole body (brain included). Then hormones are inter-dependent. Delicate balance! ...Read more

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Does the pituitary gland play a role in the breathing/lung function?

Does the pituitary gland play a role in the breathing/lung function?

Not directly,: but the pituitary gland and the hormones it produces are involved in multiple metabolic pathways important in maintaining the function of various organ systems. For example, a problem with thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH, produced by the pitutary), can lead to hypothyroidism which can, among multiple other symptoms, cause breathing issues. ...Read more

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What's the function of the aldosterone hormone?

What's the function of the aldosterone hormone?

Function Aldosterone: 48 F form MI asks what is "function" of aldosterone. Its first function is to keep you from dying of salt depletion. Second it keeps you from dying of high blood potassium. It acts on the kidney to increase salt (Na) retention when your body salt is too low: such as from diarrhea, vomiting, sweating, low alt diet. If you have no aldo you die of salt depletion unless you eat salt by handful. ...Read more

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What parts of the adrenal gland are controled by the pituitary gland? I read that there are three parts of the adrenal gland.

The adrenal: cortex, or outer portion, is mostly controlled by the pituitary, and predominately produces cortisone, aldosterone and some sex hormones. The inner portion, or medulla, is regulated by blood pressure, nervous stimulation, emotions, etc. and produces epinephrine, norepinephrine and some other lesser hormones. ...Read more

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What is the gland that secretes both exocrine and endocrine hormone?

What is the gland that secretes both exocrine and endocrine hormone?

Pancreas: Endocrine hormones are secreted into the bloodstream to cause effects in other parts of the body. The pancreas secretes Insulin and glucagon to cause these effects. Exocrine hormones are secreted into body cavities with tubes connecting the producing gland into a body cavity. The pancreas secretes a variety of substances into the intestinal tract. ...Read more

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Where are the pituitary glands in the body?

Where are the pituitary glands in the body?

Pituitary : It's sit in the center your brain, right behind the nose. You can google pituitary and see actual images to the gland. ...Read more

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What is the primary function of the endocrine system?

What is the primary function of the endocrine system?

Controls everything: The endocrine system is composed of "ductless" glands that produce various hormones. Thyroid hormone controls the bodies metabolism, adrenal hormone is involved with stress hormones, pituitary hormones control other hormones of the body including reproductive hormones. Insulin is a hormone that controls blood sugar. There are thousands of hormones in the body that control various systems. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of hypofunction of the thyroid gland?

What are the symptoms of hypofunction of the thyroid gland?

SymptomsHypothyroidi: Symptoms of the under active thyroid, symptoms of weight gain, intolerance to cold, dry skin, fatigue, puffy face, hoarseness, muscle weakness, irregular periods in women, slow heart rate, thinning hair, depression and impaired memory symptoms are variable and depend on the severity. ...Read more

Dr. Rodeen Rahbar
164 doctors shared insights

Anatomy (Definition)

Anatomy is the study of the human body, ...Read more