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Doctor insights on: Fourth Generation Extended Spectrum Penicillin

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4 generations of cephalosporins?

Cephalosporins: Yes. As newer classes of agents appear with broadened spectra of activity they are termed new generations. ...Read more

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Dose augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanate) and Flagyl have the same action in anerobic part?

Dose augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanate) and Flagyl have the same action in anerobic part?

Augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanate) and Flagyl: Different mechanisms of action, both have good coverage of anaerobes. Augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanate) acts on the cell wall (beta lactam), Flagyl internally to deactivate enzymes and destabilize dna. ...Read more

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What the different between broad spectrum and macrolid antibiotic? which one more strong side effects ?

What the different between broad spectrum and macrolid antibiotic?  which one more strong side effects ?

Tough comparison: Broad spectrum is a relative term. For example, the macrolides have a broader spectrum than penicillin, and the quinolones have a broader spectrum than the macrolides. A broader spectrum will kill more types of bacteria and is useful when the organism one needs to kill is not known precisely. Broader spectrum drugs will also kill more natural gut bacteria and are more likely to cause diarrhea. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how are antibiotics classified as first generation, second generation or third generation antibiotics?

Can you tell me how are antibiotics classified as first generation, second generation or third generation antibiotics?

Cephalosporins: Only one type of antibiotic, the cephalosporins, normally is classified by "generation". There have been three groups of cephalosporins since the first ones (now called first generation) were developed in the 1960s. Second (1970s-80s) and third generation (1990s to now) each were chemically different and are active against more types of bacteria. There are several drugs in each group. ...Read more

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Is mrsa, mssa , staph a ß-lactamase producing strains , susceptible to third , fourth, and fifth cephalosporins?

Is mrsa, mssa , staph a ß-lactamase producing strains , susceptible to third , fourth, and fifth cephalosporins?

Complex: Cannot answer this simply. Mssa should be sensitive to all cephalosporins. Mrsa will be resistant to all. Have no idea what else you are asking. ...Read more

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How affective is cefdinir for ß_lactamase staph a/strep py? I had a argument with my pharmacist about the effectiveness of 3rd g' cephalosporin

How affective is cefdinir for ß_lactamase staph a/strep py?  I had a argument with my pharmacist  about the effectiveness of 3rd g' cephalosporin

Not sure what: Scale you are using when you ask "how" but Cefdinir is indicated for both staph and strep uncomplicated skin and pharyngeal as well as lung infections.. It functions by disrupting cell wall mucopeptide production and can be effective against select gram negative bacteria as well. ...Read more

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What is the name of a third generation cephalosporin?

What is the name of a third generation cephalosporin?

3rd gen cephalospori: Cefotaxime is a thrid generation cephalosporin, as is Rocephin (ceftriaxone). ...Read more

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What is the difference between third hiv generation and fourth generation hiv test ?

What is the difference between third hiv generation and fourth generation hiv test ?

Antibody +/- antigen: Third generation tests only for antibody to HIV, i.e. the body's immune reaction to the virus. It can become positive as soon as 2 weeks after infection and conclusive ty 6-8 weeks. Fourth generation is a test for antibody and p24 antigen, part of the virus itself. 4th gen often is positive as soon as 10-14 days and is conclusive any time 4 weeks or more. 4th gen is usually the best option. ...Read more

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Difference between first and second generation antihistamines? Why are 1st generation considered nonsedating?

Difference between first and second generation antihistamines? Why are 1st generation considered nonsedating?

Sedation: 1st generation are sedating because many people, up to 40%, get sleepy when taking them. 2nd generation antihistamines are chemically modified and are less likely to cause sedation. The generics of the less sedating are cetirizine, fexafenadine, and loratidine. They cause sedation in some people, up to 11%, but much less than the older drugs. ...Read more