Doctor insights on:
Fluid Volume Excess In Kidney Disease
Stroke volume: Cardiac output is determined by heart rate and volume of blood pumped by heart in each heartbeat (stroke volume). Increased fluid volume increases the stroke volume and therefore cardiac output. Decreased fluid volume decreases the stroke volume and therefore cardiac output. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more
How can decreased cardiac output be caused by either increased fluid volume and decreased fluid volume?
Morphine helps redistribute blood volume in pulmonary edema. How? And is it causing any reabsorbtion of fluid?
Scarring: As the lungs scar and lose volume, both the vital capacity and residual lung volume decrease. That is the nature of restrictive lung disease. ...Read more
No: Nothing has been proven to slow cyst development. There are drugs undergoing trials; octreotide, Everolimus and tolvaptan all working on different systems that are promising. Adpkd patients are told to drink fluids to decrease the risk of stone formation and utis, the kidneys are very large urine collects in larger areas with slower flow making these complications more likely. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Abscess: The only things that live in the male pelvis are: 1) bladder and 2) rectum. There should be no fluid collection outside of the bladder (normal), but with gas in it, usually represents an abscess. This usually represents a perforation or fistula from the rectum, or post-operative leak after rectal surgery. Depending on the cause, the treatment can be drainage through the rectum or open surgery ...Read more
Why is kidney failure (which is associated with decreased gfr) associated with an increase in solute excretion per nephron?
Explanation: One of the roles of the kidney is to maintain solute balance and maintain a solute gradient via the counter-current mechanism in the loop of henle. It is the manner in which we reabsorb important substances and excrete waste. When you have kidney damage, the ability to maintain this gradient is upset, and thus solute loss can occur. ...Read more
Is kidney infection dangerous, esp. Kidney stone in the ureter, low platelet count and hypotension, resulting in bloated kidney and kidney infection?
Yes: Nobody can diagnose or treat you except your physician, but what you describe is both all-too-common and poses an immediate threat to health and life. ...Read more
Can albumin be present in urine without any damage to kidney ? Due to excess protein intake or poor absorption in git?
Dialysis water loss: Patients who are being dialyzed (d) lose water during their d session. The amount of fluid loss can be controlled and they need to have this fluid removed on dialysis so they do not get fluid overloaded and wind up with fluid in their lungs. To answer your question, there is water loss on d which leads to the better health of the patient. ...Read more
What changes in blood volume, blood potassium, urine volume and urine sodium would turn on the raa system?
RAAS turn ons: The renin angiotensin aldosterone system is designed to maintain blood volume. It is turned on when there are actual fluid deficits, such as vomiting or dehydration, or deficits perceived by the kidney as those patients with congestive heart failure. As a result of increased activity of the RAAS, urine volume and sodium losses by the kidney decreases. High potassium is possible, as well. ...Read more
How does increase amount of the carbon dioxide in the blood affect kidney and causes renal failure?
Carbon Dioxide : Good question. Your kidneys have many functions. One is to maintain ph balance. When your body accumulates too much carbon dioxide(co2) your kidneys work to eliminate it. Co2 makes your body more acidic. The acidity not only makes your kidneys work harder, but it also makes all body functions less efficient. Over time this can cause kidney failure. This is not a common cause of kidney failure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not directly: Fluid in the lungs may be related to fluid overload if the kidneys are not functioning, may be related to coincidental heart disease, or may be related to inflammation in the lung, from pneumonia or blood clot. Kidney cancer may be associated with an increased risk of blood clot which could break off and travel to the lung. If there is shortness of breath or pain in the chest, see md immediately. ...Read more
It could: If you have diabetes or glucose intolerance, a high sugar intake may cause spilling of glucose into the urine. This would cause additional urine to be made. I this case it would act like a diuretic, resulting in a larger urine volume. Usually thirst accompanies this phenomenon. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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