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Doctor insights on: Fixed Defect Involving The Basel Inferior

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What is focal 3 mm full-thickness hyaline cartilage defect involving the superiolateral acetabulum that partially undermines the superiolateral labrum?

What is focal 3 mm full-thickness hyaline cartilage defect involving the
superiolateral acetabulum that partially undermines the superiolateral labrum?

Cartilage loss: you are describing an area of your hip socket that has lost cartilage. Cartilage is the smooth and slippery lining of our joints that allows us to move our joints freely. The labrum is the lining around the hip socket. Your cartilage defect is in an area that could cause pain and clicking in your hip. Good luck ...Read more

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Oblique focus of increased signal within the posterior horn of the medial meniscus which extends to the inferior articular surface. Surgery or not?

Oblique focus of increased signal within the posterior horn of the medial meniscus which extends to the inferior articular surface. Surgery or not?

MRI knee: sounds suspicious for a type III signal which usually indicates a tear of the meniscus. That said, even if there is a 'tear' surgery is not necessarily needed. check with your local orthopedist. ...Read more

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MRI report stated abnormally increased signal in the posterior horn of the medial meniscus extends to the tibial articular surface. Repair surgery?

MRI report stated abnormally increased signal in the posterior horn of the medial meniscus extends to the tibial articular surface. Repair surgery?

Possibly: It sounds like you do have a meniscal tear. Based upon the location of the tear and relative blood supply to the area, surgical options are usually either to repair or debride. ...Read more

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There is reverse of redistribution in the mid to distal anteroapical wall which may represent ischemia, and left ventricular ejection fraction 60%, and fixed inferior wall defect What do they mean?

There is reverse of redistribution in the mid to distal anteroapical wall which may represent ischemia, and left ventricular ejection fraction 60%, and fixed inferior wall defect  What do they mean?

Concern: you appear to have a limitation of blood flow to the heart during the stress of the test that you had as well as the possibility of a previous heart attack but with still good heart pump function currently. Please see your cardiologist for follow up of the limitation of blood flow seen on the current test ...Read more

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What does 'small inferior apical wall defect demonstrating reversibility affecting less then 5% of the total myocardium' mean?

What does 'small inferior apical wall defect demonstrating reversibility affecting less then 5% of the total myocardium' mean?

Small cardiac insult: A small area of ischemia (reduced blood supply) to apical wall without perment damage or infarct. Coronary artery narrowing of branch vessel can cause this finding. ...Read more

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1 mm st depression in inferior leads. Positive stress ecg. Ischemia involved in the anterior wall and apex. Perfusion defect.?

1 mm st depression in inferior leads. Positive stress ecg.  Ischemia involved in the anterior wall and apex.  Perfusion defect.?

Unhappy heart: The anterior, posterior or inferior all come together at the tip-apex. Septal and usually the -tip of the heart is not getting adequate coronary blood flow. Usually left anterior descending artery blockage. Septal is the inner wall of muscle between the ventricles. Likely will need angio and definitive recommendations. ...Read more

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Mri found bilaterally along the inferior lateral aspect of the basal ganglion, either old lacunar infarctions or bilateral benign cysts. Thoughts?

Mri found bilaterally along the inferior lateral aspect of the basal ganglion, either old lacunar infarctions or bilateral benign cysts. Thoughts?

Either unusual: The chance of lacunar infarcts in a 23 yo is pretty low. Similarly, having "bilateral cysts" seems somewhat unlikely, nor am i sure what kind of "cysts" the radiologist would be referring to. Review your MRI with your doctor. ...Read more

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What does an abnormal focal region of signal abnormality associated with the articular surface of the medial tibial plateau, posteriorly mean?

What does an abnormal focal region of signal abnormality associated with the articular surface of the medial tibial plateau, posteriorly mean?

Contusion?: There is a question as how was it injured or was there any trauma. The signal flair may be a bony contusion or could represent an occult fracture review this with your physician. ...Read more

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What does fibrillation of the articular cartilage posteriorly at the level of the lateral plateau, abnormal posterior horn of lateral meniscus mean?

What does fibrillation of the articular cartilage posteriorly at the level of the lateral plateau, abnormal posterior horn of lateral  meniscus mean?

Arthitis: Arthritis at metacarpo-phlangeal joint in the most common type of arthritis we see in middle age people causing pain in the base of the thumb. ...Read more

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Does subchondral insufficiency fracture of the superolateral aspect of the left femoral head require a surgery?

Does subchondral insufficiency fracture of the superolateral aspect of the left femoral head  require a surgery?

Usually: this is a high risk risk stress fracture for progressing to catastrophic fracture. Usually recommended to pin it to prevent prigression ...Read more

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Interval bony consolidation of the L5 pars fractures bilaterally. Coronal alignment is normal, exception of positional leaning to the left. explain?

Ok: So, you initially had fractures in an area of the spine knows as the pars interarticularis, consolidation suggests they have now healed. The alingnment if the spine when viewed from the back is normal. I would not hesitate to go through your study with the person that ordered it as well. ...Read more

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Mild prominence of cortical sulci at the top of the calvarium reflecting minor involutional change.MR brain without constrast otherwise unremarkable.

Mild prominence of cortical sulci at the top of the calvarium reflecting minor involutional change.MR brain without constrast otherwise unremarkable.

MRI Result: This as with all tests should be evaluated by the ordering physician who has the patients history, exam findings and reasons for ordering the study in hand. This allows appropriate interpretation of the study. ...Read more

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I have an oblique central zone tear involving the posterior body segment of the medial meniscus. It is contiguous with an undersurface tear predominatlyl Peripheral zone tear of the posterior horn. Is surgery in my future?

I have an oblique central zone tear involving the posterior body segment of the medial meniscus. It is contiguous with an undersurface tear predominatlyl
Peripheral zone tear of the posterior horn. Is surgery in my future?

Yes: If the MRI report you just read correlates w/ your symptoms( medial sided knee pain, worse w/ turning, twisting ,pivoting maneuvers , squatting ; swelling etc.) and a history of an injury or similar episode that could cause these problems, yes. See an experienced arthroscopist as this may be a repairable tear. Ask about potential healing 'aids' that may increase the chance of the meniscus healing. ...Read more

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What does Heterotopic calcification posterior to the spinous process of C4. Calcification in the anterior longitudinal ligament at C4-5 mean?

What does  Heterotopic calcification posterior to the spinous process of C4.  Calcification in the anterior longitudinal ligament at C4-5 mean?

Calcium: The term heterotopic ossification (HO) describes bone formation at an abnormal anatomical site, usually in soft tissue. Other than surgically removing the tissue very conservative care is the typical approach. If pain is an issue then you may have to see a specialist. ...Read more

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Could a closed vsd still cause these "defects"?

Could a closed vsd still cause these "defects"?

More info needed: Are you having symptoms or problems you believe to be a result of a vsd that was closed? A vsd may cause problems due to excess blood flow through the lungs, or due to dilation ("stretch") of left sided heart structures. Closure of the vsd, if early enough, reverses these problems, but if closed in adolescence or adulthoot, some problems may not disappear. Many factors contribute. ...Read more

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What is a pars defect?

A cracka small crack: in thecpars articularis part of the posterior elements of a vertebrae mostly in L5 not universally symptomatic may be an incidental finding ...Read more

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What is an example of defect in angiogenesis?

What is an example of defect in angiogenesis?

Cancer: Abnormal blood vessels both structurally and functional. Cancer is a classic example of both. Just look closely at the circulation inside a big cancer and you will see the defective angiogenesis. ...Read more

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How many chromosome defects cause retardation?

Hundreds at least: We only know about a few hundred, probably thousands possible as each human is unique as are their choomasome array. ...Read more

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What are common methods of repairing a ventrical septal defect?

What are common methods of repairing a ventrical septal defect?

What type?: Repair depends on the type of ventricular septal defect .. There's perimembranous, av canal type, subaortic and muscular. Need to know if double outlet right ventricle or left ventricle present. Is there a concomitant right ventricular outflow tract obstruction?. Need to stop the heart and saw a patch, were to open the heart depends on type of vsd and associated defects. Timing of repair varies. ...Read more

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Was there a possibility that baby could have defects if you experienced heavy spottings before?

Was there a possibility that baby could have defects if you experienced heavy spottings before?

If you mean episodes: Of bleeding in the 1st or 2nd trimester, it would depend on whether there was any reduction in the flow of blood or oxygen to the fetal brain during those episodes. In the us, ob's follow head growth as well as body growth on fetal ultrasounds. ...Read more

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What is laminectomy defect mean ?

What is laminectomy defect mean
?

Old surgery: 'laminectomy defect' just means prior surgery or laminectomy seen on a imaging study (usually an mri). ...Read more

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Causes of high palate and midline defects?

Causes of high palate and midline defects?

Many reasons: Missing teeth, mouth breathing and sinus problems may be contributors to high palate and midline issues. ...Read more

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What is bilateral pars defect of the spine?

What is bilateral pars defect of the spine?

Lumbar Pars Defect: The defect is a stress fracture of the posterior portion of the spine that connects the facet joints and lamina with the anterior vertebral body at the level of the pedicle. This process is also known as a spondylolysis. It occurs in 5% of the general population but can be as high as 15% in certain athletes like gymnasts and football lineman due to the lumbar hyperextension. ...Read more

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What is bilateral pars defect of the spine?

What is bilateral pars defect of the spine?

Pars defect: Bilateral pars defect also commonly called spondylolysis is a stress fracture near the joint of the spine. This usually occurs in the lower lumbar spine and can be painful and cause instability. This defect often occurs during the teenage years but can persist into adulthood and become symptomatic later in life. ...Read more

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How often do gastrointestinal defects occur?

How often do gastrointestinal defects occur?

Very common: Due to a lousy attitude to nutritional common sense. Standard american diet spells sad! ...Read more

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Define non reversible (fixed) defects in hearts?

Define non reversible (fixed) defects in hearts?

Reversible: We use the terminology with respect to nuclear perfusion images of the heart muscle. When there is an image defect that does not fill in on follow up imaging, we call this nonreversible or fixed. It usually suggests scar of the myocardium rather than temporary decrease in blood flow to the area. ...Read more

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What is it a congenital defect?

What is it a congenital defect?

Born with: The word congenital means it was present at birth. So anything noted at birth would qualify as a genetic defect. ...Read more

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What causes heart defects?

What causes heart defects?

Many causes...: Unfortunately, there is no one specific cause. We currently state the cause is multifactorial. There are some gene defects which cause heart defects, but other defects are caused by multiple factors. Please discuss this with your doctor if you are concerned about potential heart defects in you or someone else. ...Read more

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Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Abnormal tissue Form: In simplistic terms a bd might be considered any abnormality found in a baby at birth. A better, more specific idea is a failure of a tissue or structure to form properly in fetal development.(cleft palate). A "disruption" can create a bd -loss of fingers to amnionic bands. Chromasome defects lead to several bd's like heart defects. ...Read more

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What leads to most birth defects?

What leads to most birth defects?

Alcohol: The avoidable agent best known for producing a variety of birth defects is alcohol.The spectrum of defects varies considerably with the amount consumed during pregnancy.The most involved are born to alcoholic mothers while as few as 2 drinks a day has a a significant risk. Defects vary from decreased intellect, heart, skeletal, facial and numerous other features., . ...Read more

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Could diet influence birth defects?

Could diet influence birth defects?

Yes: Insufficient folate (folic acid) in the mother's diet has been linked to neural tube birth defects. ...Read more

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Why are birth defects are on the rise?

Environment: although some birth defects are inherited others come from harmful environmental factors, and others are a result from complex interaction of genes and environmental factors. In about 50% of the cases the causes are unknown. Some birth defects can be prevented by not drinking or smoking or using street drugs during pregnancy. Talk to a healthcare provider about medications you are taking as well ...Read more

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What causes a baby to have birth defects?

Birth defect causes: 1- genetic; either inherited from parents or just random chance (new mutation) 2- Infection; toxo, herpes, varciella, syphilis, rubella, etc 3- environmental factors; like radiation 4 - Medications ...Read more