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Doctor insights on: First Cholera Pandemic

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Cholera (Definition)

A dangerous intestinal infection caused by consuming food or water contaminated with a bacteria (Vibrio cholerae) that can lead to severe dehydration or death. Cholera causes such watery diarrhea, that it has been described ...Read more


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How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

Well..: Smallpox ended as a result of an aggressive world wide vaccination program. Polio is essentially gone in the U.S. due to vaccination efforts, but is still a problem worldwide. Bubonic and pneumonic plague are caused by same organism. It is still exists and causes disease. No one knows for sure how the plague in the Middle Ages ended. Possibly quarantine, better hygiene, and warmer climate ...Read more

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Why the predicted cholera outbreaks never materialise after floods?

Why the predicted cholera outbreaks never materialise after floods?

They do: They sometimes do. The best example is the recent devastating outbreak in haiti that killed almost 10, 000 people. The thing about cholera is that it has to start with someone who has it. Flooding is not enough. In the case of the haitian outbreak, the source is felt to have been infected un peacekeepers from nepal stationed along the artibonite river. ...Read more

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Is rabies more prevalent in third world countries?

Is rabies more prevalent in third world countries?

YES: These countries may have less access to the vaccine, and fewer pets are vaccinated against it. ...Read more

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Are rotavirus infections generally deadly in third world countries?

Are rotavirus infections generally deadly in third world countries?

Yes. They can be.: Rotavirus causes around 500, 000 deaths annually in kids under the age of 5, almost all of which occur in 3rd world countries. It is spread by fecal oral route and causes copious diarrhea and vomiting which then causes severe dehydration and even death secondary to this dehydration. Clean water an sanitary conditions would prevent most deaths. ...Read more

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When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

Fowl cholera: Fowl (or chicken) Cholera Vaccine was developed by pasteur in the late 1800s. The disease is caused by pasteurella and is not related to human cholera caused by vibrio cholerae. The human disease, originally called asiatic cholera, is now a misnomer as 90 percent or more of cases currently originate in subsaharan africa. Fowl Cholera Vaccine was never used in humans. ...Read more

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Is the avian flu a foodborne illness?

Is the avian flu a foodborne illness?

No: Avian flu is an airborne disease. You must breathe it in. It attacks the lungs. ...Read more

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How come a cholera vaccine only contain cholera poison and not the cholera bacteria?

How come a cholera vaccine only contain cholera poison and not the cholera bacteria?

Vaxchora: “Vaxchora is a live, attenuated vaccine. The V. choleraevaccine strain in Vaxchora produces an incomplete, nontoxic version of the cholera toxin. Vaxchora replicates in the gastrointestinal tract.” REF: https://www.paxvaxconnect.com/vaxchora?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=vaxchora&utm_campaign=HCP%20Brand ...Read more

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Where is malaria and dengue fever most prevalent?

Where is malaria and dengue fever most prevalent?

Malaria & Dengue: Malaria is most common in tropical, sub-tropical & temperate areas in Africa, Asia, Central America, South America & the Indo-Pacific. Dengue is most common in tropical & sub-tropical areas of Africa, South-east Asia, the Western Pacific, Eastern Mediterranean & the Americas. ...Read more

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In what countries is cholera found?

In what countries is cholera found?

Cholera: According to WHO -more recent outbreaks of cholera have included: South-East Africa (Mozambique & Somalia), Americas (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti & Mexico), Afghanistan (Badakhshan province), Africa (Angola, Burundi, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo & Nigeria. > ...Read more

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How prevalent is malaria throughout the world?

How prevalent is malaria throughout the world?

300-500 million/year: There are an estimated 300-500 million cases of malaria in the world per year, with about 1-3 million deaths. Malaria is most prevalent in tropical areas. ...Read more

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Is there swine flu in new york state?

Is there swine flu in new york state?

The flu Season: hasn't really gotten into gear yet (2014 to 2015 season). Influenza A H1N1 virus (swine Flu) is now one of the flu viruses that circulates around the world seasonally. It was certainly seen during the 2013 to 2014 Flu season in the US. Will see what happens with the upcoming flu season. ...Read more

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Is the avian bird flu a foodborne illness via chickens?

Is the avian bird flu a foodborne illness via chickens?

Not really: Bird flu is transmitted after contact with infected surfaces - so, if one has contact with infected surfaces then bird flu can be contracted. Having said that - bird flu is exceedingly rare (and hasn't been documented in the western hemisphere at all) and thus you are much more likely to get salmonella or campylobacter (usually causing food poisoning/diarrhea) from uncooked chicken more than flu. ...Read more

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Is malaria prevalent in the south america?

Is malaria prevalent in the south america?

Malaria: Malaria is prevalent in certain areas of south america. The cdc website is a good resource to look up how common diseases, such as malaria, are in a particular country. For malaria you may want to look at: http://www.Cdc.Gov/malaria/travelers/country_table/a.Html. ...Read more

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Who discovered the polio virus? Do we still get the polio vaccine nowadays?

Who discovered the polio virus? Do we still get the polio vaccine nowadays?

Karl Landsteiner &: Erwin Popper discovered the polio virus in 1908. The U.S. used Dr. Salk's 1953 killed polio vaccine from '55-'62. From '63-'99, the U.S. used Dr. Sabin's 1962 live oral vaccine. It's still used where polio is endemic. The U.S. has used the Salk vaccine since 2000. Withered limbs from polio have been documented since early man: note the Egyptian priest's withered left leg. Be wise, immunize! ...Read more

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For what reason did the epidemic of whooping cough spread more in the vaccinated population?

For what reason did the epidemic of whooping cough spread more in the vaccinated population?

Faulty premis: In the 1990's we averaged 2500 WC cases/yr and no deaths with a vaccination rate that provided great heard immunity.In 2014 we had >40,000 cases, most on the West coast in California & Washington state with ~ 40 deaths, most of which were unimmunized or partially immunized babies <1yr.Vaccination never confirs 100% protection.The anti-vaccine community is responsible for the epidemic. ...Read more

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Should we start stocking up on tamiflu (oseltamivir) in case of a major flu pandemic?

Should we start stocking up on tamiflu (oseltamivir) in case of a major flu pandemic?

Interesting question: At one point I bought tamiflu (oseltamivir) for my family. It cost me quite a few hundred dollars (out of pocket). It sat in my little medical bag until it expired. I wish someone had advised me that it wasn't a good idea. Take care. ...Read more

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How do public health workers stop a cholera epidemic?

How do public health workers stop a cholera epidemic?

Education: By educating people about avoiding contaminated water and food. ...Read more

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What is cholera?

Gastrointestinal : Cholera is an bacterial, intestinal infection caused by a bacteria called Vibrio cholerae. It is usually contracted from infected drinking water, or contaminated fish or shellfish, It sometimes has no symptoms, but can also have watery diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and dehydration. It is treated by rehydration and sometimes antibiotics.Good handwashing and safe food/water can prevent the spread. ...Read more

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Is cholera fatal?

Is cholera fatal?

If not treated: It's often fatal unless treated with aggressive rehydration. The cause of death is massive and rapid dehydration. ...Read more

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What is a cure for cholera?

Hydration, hydration: One of the most important discoveries in cholera research was the recognition that inspite profound watery diarrhea, there was no problem in absorption of fluids so keeping up with oral hydration can be life-saving in the absence of intravenous fluids. ...Read more

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Who discovered cholera bacillus?

Who discovered cholera bacillus?

Philip Pacini: However, his work wasn't well known until Robert Koch shared it with the world. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of vibrio cholera?

Watery diarrhea: Many people infected with the cholera bacillus have no symptoms but when symptoms occur the disease is manifest by watery ( rice water ) stools, sometimes with vomiting and little fever. ...Read more

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My friend has cholera. How do I avoid getting it?

My friend has cholera. How do I avoid getting it?

Avoid their stool: Cholera is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, either by contaminated water or food. In the usa there is very little chance to acquire cholera. Where had your friend been. Stay away from their stools, wash your hands and watch what you eat and drink carefully. ...Read more

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Is it bad luck or bad genes that made me develop cholera?

Is it bad luck or bad genes that made me develop cholera?

Neither: Cholera is a bacteria (vibrio cholerae) which lives in the gut and is transmitted to humans by consumption of water or food which is contaminated with fecal matter (stool). Genes or luck have nothing to do with it. ...Read more

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How many people get infected with cholera each year in america?

Few: There is the occasional case of the non-epidemic serotypes of cholera acquired usually from uncooked shellfish from the gulf of mexico. These are actually not counted as cholera. In the last few years, with the tragic outbreak of cholera affecting haiti and dr, some cases have come to the usa in travelers. There has been, additional, a smaller outbreak of cholera in cuba this year. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is cholera, how is it treated and can you get over it?

Severe diarrhea: Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria vibrio cholera, transmitted by drinking contaminated water. It causes severe watery diarrhea that leads to rapid dehydration, shock and death if not aggressively treated. The most important treatment is intravenous or oral rehydration. This is a disease that occurs in epidemics. There's no cholera in kennebunk, maine, i can promise! ...Read more

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Since cholera outbreaks are more consistent with contamination of water than air, what to do?

What to do?: Avoid traveling to areas that are experiencing cholera outbreaks. You're not going to get cholera in warsaw, indiana! ...Read more

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When was cholera?

Cholera: There have been numerous Cholera outbreaks at various parts of the globe over -time. Are you referring to a specific cholera outbreak? ...Read more

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How is cholera spread?

How is cholera spread?

Cholera: Cholera is spread when feces infected by Vibrio cholerae contaminates water or food. Inadequately cooked seafood can be a cause. It is most often seen in areas with poor sanitation & deficient water treatments. ...Read more

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How do you get cholera?

How do you get cholera?

Cholera: Cholera is spread when feces infected by Vibrio cholerae contaminates water or food. Inadequately cooked seafood can be a cause. It is most often seen in areas with poor sanitation & deficient water treatments. ...Read more

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How can cholera spread?

Contaminated water: Most people acquire cholera from fecally-contaminated water from an inadequate sewage system or none at all. Haiti, especially after the disastrous earthquake centered in leogane, clearly showed how rapidly cholera can spread without an adequate sewage system. ...Read more

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Do we have cholera in the u.S.?

CHOLERA IN US: No there has not been any reported cases of cholera in us for few years. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is cholera?

Bacterial infection: Cholera is caused by a bacterium, vibrio cholerae. Infections results in severe profuse watery diarrhea and may cause death from dehydration. The bacterium is usually transmiited through water or food. ...Read more

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What is the symptoms of cholera?

What is the symptoms of cholera?

Watery diarrhea: Cholera causes variable amount of watery (rice water) diarrhea which can be severe enough to cause rapid dehydration. Vomiting can occur but fever is not prominent. ...Read more

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