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Doctor insights on: Fingernail Scratch Hiv

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Dr. Creighton Wright
16 Doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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Can you get HIV from fingering yourself? Maybe you had blood or bloodily fluids in your fingernails and can you get HIV after washing your hands?

Can you get HIV from fingering yourself? Maybe you had blood or bloodily fluids in your fingernails and can you get HIV after washing your hands?

Whose blood?: Your own blood or fluid on your finger or another person's??? If it is your own there is no risk. If it is some other person's, then it is a concern. Is the other person infected? Washing off the blood or other materiel is very important but not 100% guarantee against infection. This is a strange question. Do you have contact with an hiv-positive person.? ...Read more

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I had sex with a prostitute for a minute and without knowing wore upside down condom. When I removed my fingernail tore the condom. Any HIV risk?

I had sex with a prostitute for a minute and without knowing wore upside down condom. When I removed my fingernail tore the condom. Any HIV risk?

A small risk: There is a very very small risk of HIV transmission with a condom. Not wearing the condom properly slightly increases the risk but it is still very very small. Tearing the condom while removing probably doesn't cause any increased risk. Please be more careful, and consider getting tested ...Read more

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Hiv infection causes beau lines in finger nails??

Hiv infection causes beau lines in finger nails??

Line: Beau lines can be caused by anything that is stressing your body, poor nutrition, medications etc, . ...Read more

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How easy would it be to get HIV from contact of vaginal fluids with a finger that looks like a little small 2mm cut on the corner of a finger nail?

How easy would it be to get HIV from contact of vaginal fluids with a finger that looks like a little small 2mm cut on the corner of a finger nail?

Possible not likely: While the possibility for transmission of disease exists it is likely to be relatively low. However only serologic testing can provide the definitive answer. ...Read more

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Can you get HIV through your finger nails if your skin around your nails are broken?

Can you get HIV through your finger nails if your skin around your nails are broken?

Yes: If you pour HIV infected blood into the injury. Most casual contacts do not lead to HIV transmission. Unprotected sex, IVDA and accidental needle stick remain main way of transmissions ...Read more

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For how long the scratch is capable of transmitting hiv I mean how long it takes to not contract hiv from infected blood?

For how long the scratch is capable of transmitting hiv I mean how long it takes to not contract hiv from infected blood?

Depends on moisture: HIV is a fragile virus. It needs moisture and warmth to survive. If the scratch from an HIV + person is new and has flowing blood then it is infectious. Question is, how long before it is not infection? My view of this is that if the blood is in any way moist, then its infectious. If it is completely dry and been that way for a while, unlikely to be infectious. ...Read more

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I have white scratches on the tips of my fingernails. It looks as if I took an emoryboard&scratched the surface of my nails. What could it be due to?

I have white scratches on the tips of my fingernails. It looks as if I took an emoryboard&scratched the surface of my nails. What could it be due to?

Iron deficiency: There are so many different causes of nail bed abnormalities. If you see white lines in your nails, get a complete blood count done and check your iron stores. You msy be iron deficient or anemic. ...Read more

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Can semen on old scratch cause hiv?

Can semen on old scratch cause hiv?

No.: Anything is possible, but this seems really really unlikely. Maybe one in a million chance. Even when there is direct mucous to mucous membrane contact or a direct puncture with an infected needle, chances are low. This has to be orders of magnitude below that. ...Read more

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Is there a certain amount of blood needed to transfer HIV to another person trough a scratch?

Amount of blood: That's a really tough question to answer. It really depends on viral load. Viral load refers to how many virus particles are present in the infected individual. This can vary dramatically depending on the time of the infection. At the time of initial infection the viral load can be very high so a small amount of blood may contain a very high concentration of viral particles. Get checked. ...Read more

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Hi docs. Today I got scratched by dog. So if it scratched HIV people just before is it a risk?

Hi docs. Today I got scratched by dog. So if it scratched HIV people just before is it a risk?

No: The HIV virus is extremely fragile outside of the human body, so I would not worry if you were scratched by a dog even if it had scratched another person before you. You would have greater odds of getting struck by lightning than contracting HIV from a scratch! ...Read more

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How likely is it to contract HIV through a very small scratch, if you get scratched by a used instrument?

Basically zero: I doubt anyone would say this justifies HIV prophylaxis. There's data on punctures and jabs, but nobody's connected HIV transmission to a scratch. Is the instrument itself coated fresh blood? The virus is wimpy and won't survive otherwise. If you are obsessed with the idea that you may have contracted hiv, you deserve to get a nucleic acid assay to be sure. ...Read more

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If someone with HIV scratches you can you get hiv?

Wimpy Virus: It is important to remember that viruses like hepc, HIV and others are strings of proteins that are connected by very weak bonds. They require many things to stay active and need living cells to reproduce and survive. Unless there was gross blood, mucous or some other organic substance on their nails and it got into your cut, the odds are very unlikely. ...Read more

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Is it normal for my child to be scratching herself with fingernails?

Is it normal for my child to be scratching herself with fingernails?

Yes: Babies do not yet have great control over the movements of their arms and legs. They don't mean to scratch themselves, but because they can't always control where their arms go and when they open and close their fists it is easy for those little fingernails to make scratches on their face. Try to keep the nails trimmed (easiest to do after a bath when they are nice and soft) or use mittens. ...Read more

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Dog scratched HIV person then immediately scratch you then can u get hiv?

Dog scratched HIV person then immediately scratch you then can u get hiv?

HIV: Wonder if that's a true story or just a hypothetical case!
so, the answer is - "yes" --- if the dog got blood from the infected person and immediately scratched you with the transfer of that blood into your wound. If the dog transferred it to you hours later, then the chance of getting it is very slim since the HIV virus is very unstable in the outer environment. ...Read more

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Can hiv transmit through surfaces like curtains or desk if an scratch comes in contact with it, Thanks?

Can hiv transmit through surfaces like curtains or desk if an scratch comes in contact with it, Thanks?

Unlikely.: HIV is a realtively fragile virus. It requires a fluid/liquid environment, preferably one that is warm and has some nutrients in it (mucous membranes). It does not appear to survive long on cold dry surfaces. ...Read more

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Can you get HIV if someone scratches you? I'm worry because a guy fought me and I got scratch. Can I get HIV by that?

Can you get HIV if someone scratches you? I'm worry because a guy fought me and I got scratch. Can I get HIV by that?

No: HIV has never been transmitted by scratching, and it's questionable that even bloody fisticuffs has ever caused an infection. You're almost a grown man, and you need to be careful about getting into fights -- in some communities, and some situations, you need to be a fighter; but other times, you're taking too high a risk in our era of laws and lawyers. I hope the outcome was right. Best wishes. ...Read more

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Fixed someone's catheter and changed wet sheet half hr later scratched groin area if any semen on sheet could HIV be transmitted?

Family practice: Always use precautions when exposing yourself with someone else's body fluids. Use gloves and always wash your hands. That being said it is very unlikely nearly impossible in contacting HIV in that episode. Needle pokes should be investigated. ...Read more

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Can you get hiv from scratching someone on the hand? I accidentally scratched someone on their hand and was wondering if u can get hiv this way?

Can you get hiv from scratching someone on the hand? I accidentally scratched someone on their hand and was wondering if u can get hiv this way?

Highly unlikely: First that someone must have HIV to start with, then you must have blood-to-blood contact. Scratch someone's hand does not qualify. ...Read more

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My scalp has been really itchy recently and every time I scratch it, white and black specks appear on my fingernails. What is it and how treated?

My scalp has been really itchy recently and every time I scratch it, white and black specks appear on my fingernails. What is it and how treated?

Dermatitis: The scales are likely from skin scales (older one tends to be darker). You need to find what is causing the itching. As a starter, the hair preparation used (especially something introduced recently). But there are also other causes for scalp itching. - consider a derm consult if you can't solve the puzzle yourself. ...Read more

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I scratched deep inside my vagina with my fingernails. It has been lightly bleeding for almost three hours. I don't know what to do and am scared!

I scratched deep inside my vagina with my fingernails. It has been lightly bleeding for almost three hours. I don't know what to do and am scared!

Vaginal bleeding: The lining of the vagina can easily bleed if scratched. Scratching inside the vagina with fingernails would not be enough to cause serious damage. Light bleeding will eventually stop. If the bleeding goes on for days it may require an examination to get it stopped. Heavy bleeding with passage of clots would require an exam very soon. ...Read more

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I was scratched by a used instrument, the patient that I was working on was 13. There was no visible blood on the tool. What is the likelyhood of hiv?

Zero: Stop this worrying. If you can't stop, please get with your physician. You won't be the first person troubled by fears of HIV that you recognize yourself are unrealistic. But for your own sake and the sake of those around you, please do what you can to end these self-destructive fears. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,495 Doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more


Fingernails (Definition)

Fingernails are the hard coverings at the end of fingertips. Nails are made out of a protein called keratin. They function to protect the fingertip and to increase sensitivity of touch. Good hand hygiene and nail care is important to prevent bacterial ...Read more