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Fifth Disease Emedicine
A viral illness caused by parvovirus, also known as Erthema Infectiosum. It starts with a "slapped cheek" rash on cheeks and a flat red spotted rash, mostly on the arms and upper legs. Once the rash appears, you are no longer contagious. It can be harmful to an unborn baby, if mom has never had it. Adults can get joint swelling and pain. You only get it ...Read more
I see clusters yrly: As an illness, fifth disease usually makes its rounds amoung the infant and toddler set . I see it in clusters, affecting one or another day care center or church nursery in waves, followed by months when no cases come in.A few years back we had a wave that affected toddlers, teens and a few adults, which was a bit unusual ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Clinical label: No one ever tests for fifth disease outside of a research hospital or in cases where an OB wants to confirm infection in a pregnant lady.A blood test at diagnosis & 2 weeks later is not realistic for a self healing minor illness. In the years before fancy lab tests many conditions were labeled clinically, like smallpox, chickenpox, etc. The name fifth came from its ranking as the 5th rash illness ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Slapped-cheek rash: Fifth disease is caused by parvovirus b19. The illness begins with a prodrome of fever, runny nose, headache, nausea, and diarrhea. 2-5 days later, the classic red rash on the face ("slapped cheek rash") appears. This rash on the face is usually followed by a lacelike rash on the trunk and extremities. ...Read more
Coughs and sneezing: Fifth disease is a viral infection and is mainly spread by droplets from the nose and mouth. These can be passed to others especially through sneezing and coughing. The best prevention is good handwashing and teach children to cover their coughs with their upper arm. It is most contagious before the patient has any symptoms at all and is not really contagious after the face rash shows up. ...Read more
Once: However, it is a pattern illness, meaning we look at the pattern of symptoms and the pattern of the rash, to come up with the diagnosis.Few, outside of a research facility would have blood tests to verify the illness. Sometimes the label is applied when it is not the real deal. I can see where someone might think they had it more than once. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No: The one virus that causes this pattern illness confers permanent immunity.Occasionally, someone will be labeled as 5th disease when it is really something else. We rarely ever get blood work that would confirm the diagnosis.Since some other viral exanthem may share some similar features, miss-labeling does occur. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No: Kids get a rash, mild fever, and/or mild cold symptoms. Adults get a rash, some joint aches, and/or joint swelling. Infected persons, with or without symptoms, mostly recover without complications and have immunity from re-infection. Complications can occur in persons with chronic anemia or immunosuppression. Occasionally, a woman infected in her first trimester may miscarry or have fetal anemia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Fifth disease …: …is a viral illness (parvovirus b19) aka erythema infectiosum or "slapped cheek" disease. Red cheeks, as if slapped, is one of first symptoms; some may have fever; lacy rash develops on arms & legs; some may have joint pains. Children usually don't act "sick". Use tylenol/ children's Motrin (ibuprofen) for fever/aches. Otherwise, no tx required. Infxn resolves on its own. Don't expose pregnant d/t fetal risk. ...Read more
Fifth Disease is a: viral illness caused by parvovirus. The medical term for it is Erthema Infectiosum. It presents with a "slapped cheek" rash on cheeks and a flat red spotted rash, mostly on the arms and upper legs. Once the rash appears, you are no longer contagious. It can be harmful to an unborn baby, if mom has never had it. Adults can get joint swelling and pain. You only get it once in your life. ...Read more
Prevention: Try to avoid respiratory secretions with handwashing, covering coughs/sneezes. In all probability you were probably exposed as an infant & already have antibodies to the infection. See article—> http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0001972/. ...Read more
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