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Doctor insights on: Fatal Birth Defects

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Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Stillbirth: Our biggest concern is that listeria infection in the expectant woman can cause death of her fetus. There have been cases traced to eating contaminated cheese and cold cuts. Please see my guide on what food to feed your family (and fetus); there are two answers and links to food safety there. ...Read more

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Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
841 doctors shared insights

Congenital Abnormalities (Definition)

Abnormalites that are present at birth. Also known as birth defects. For example- cleft palate is a congenital abnormalities. Another example congenital heart disease is the presence of a ...Read more


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Can birth defects be prevented?

Can birth defects be prevented?

Yes: Some can, but not all. Taking Folic Acid supplements before conception can prevent spinal cord defects. Excellent sugar control for a diabetic, avoiding certain drugs or medications early in pregnancy, and being aware of higher risks with advancing maternal age are all important. ...Read more

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Can Accutane cause birth defects?

It WILL cause defect: "The baseline population risk of malformations is 3-5%, but it increases to almost 30% in women exposed to isotretinoin during the first trimester of pregnancy." see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19961047 Many are profound, horrible defects--absent ears, tiny brain, deafness and blindness. Effects may occur many months after a woman ceases taking it. ...Read more

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Can radiotherapy cause birth defects?

Can radiotherapy cause birth defects?

Yes: There is a possibility that if the ova or sperm are exposed to radiation then genetic changes can occur. Patients are told to wait 6 months before getting pregnant. ...Read more

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Does lsd cause birth defects?

Does lsd cause birth defects?

Controversial: But the overall tide of opinion is that the answer is "no." there was laboratory evidence that lsd could cause damage to germ cells - sperm and eggs - even long after it's ingestion. However, studies of this have not yielded consistent results. There are no human studies, and the vast majority of lsd users (esp in pregnancy) use other substances as well. Avoiding any drugs in pregnancy is best. ...Read more

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Can spermicides cause birth defects?

Can spermicides cause birth defects?

Unlikely: There are 2 reports of a very slight association of birth defects in children conceived whilst mothers were using spermicides. However these were retrospective rather than prospective studies, there are many more studies that refute the likelihood of subsequent birth defects. ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects. ...Read more

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Can genetic testing prevent birth defects in pregnancy?

Can genetic testing prevent birth defects in pregnancy?

Nope.: Genetic prenatal testing can detect many chromosomal or microscopic dna defects - but it cannot prevent birth defects! 2-4% of all newborns will have a minor or major birth defect and the vast majority of those have unknown genetic underpinnings at this time, although many of us are working to change that. Take Folic Acid 1-5 mg daily to prevent 75-95% of major neural/cardiac fetal anomalies! ...Read more

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Do amniotic sac disorders cause birth defects?

Do amniotic sac disorders cause birth defects?

Amniotic Fluid: Best discussed with your ob. Too much or too little amniotic fluid is associated with abnormalities in development and pregnancy complications. Differences in the amount of fluid may be the cause or the result of the problem. ...Read more

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Are congenital defects the same as birth defects?

Are congenital defects the same as birth defects?

Yes: Here is a primer on the terms congenital refers to being present at birth. Anomalies, abnormalities, defects are often used interchangeably. Not all are genetic or familial. Malformation and deformation mean different things. Malformation is an anomaly due to abnormal formation of a structure. Deformation is a change in a structure due to forces like pressure, eg, in cases of low amniotic fluid. ...Read more

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Can Valium cause birth defects?

Yes: All medications in this class, benzodiazepines, are category d -- known to cause birth defects in humans. ...Read more

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Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Some: A bicuspid aortic valve or a prolapsing mitral valve are present from birth. Many other heart valve abnormalities are acquired, either through scarring from infection, calcium deposition, or mal-apposition due to dilatation of cardiac chambers, among other things. ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

No: Murmurs that are not caused by an abnormality are common. They are called "functional murmurs", and are of no concern whatsoever. ...Read more

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Does birth control and progesterone cause birth defects?

Does birth control and progesterone cause birth defects?

PossIble: Although the hormone levels are very low in ocpills, there is a potential for side effects. Like female baby can have virilization. ...Read more

Dr. Jackie Lam Dr. Lam
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Can mono cause birth defects?

Dr. Jackie Lam Dr. Lam
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No: From cdc: "there are no known associations between active ebv infection and problems during pregnancy, such as miscarriages or birth defects.". ...Read more

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Can birth defects be diagnosed in utero?

Can birth defects be diagnosed in utero?

Some: Some problems, like cleft lip, can be see on ultrasound. Others like down's syndrome, can be detect with amniocentesis. No tests or set of tests can find all problems, however. ...Read more

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Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
478 doctors shared insights

Birth Defects (Definition)

A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or ...Read more