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Doctor insights on: Facial Characteristics Of Mental Retardation

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Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Some do some don't: Most older kids and adults will be aware of their learning and performance difficulties when they have milder forms of intellectual impairment. The more profound the impairment, the less likely they are aware of the ramifications. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 Doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living. For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate, (between 35 and 50), severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

One is slang: Handicapped covers a whole spectrum of developmental disabilities where retarded is vulgar and no professional uses that term anymore ...Read more

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What causes mental retardation?

There are several: 100's of causes of Intellectual Disability beginning with inherited mutant genes & genetic accidents that occur during egg & sperm formation; epigenetic factors like viruses that alter function but not sequence or structure of genes; teratogens like alcohol, tobacco & drugs from 3 weeks after conception till term & beyond; maternal illnesses, , etc. See pediatrics.med. Nyu. Edu for much more. ...Read more

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What constitutes mental retardation?

Legal definition: According to the individuals with disabilities education act, intellectual disability (formerly mr) is "significant subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's educational performance." idea 2004, public law 108-446. ...Read more

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What are the tests for mental retardation?

What are the tests for mental retardation?

Observation: Testing for mr is a matter of formal or informal observation of how a child is functioning compared to other children the same age. Approaches vary by age and circumstance. For young children, doctors may ask a series of questions about milestones that the child should be making at each check-up. There also are highly standardized formal tests that look at the child's ability directly. ...Read more

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Is it possible to cure mental retardation?

Interesting question: As defined, retardation is a permanent level of diminished intellectual performance pared with poor performance on self help tasks. Most people affected by mr are in a mild range and may integrate into society as functional adults with a relatively normal life. You cannot boost the intellect but can identify stronger areas of function within their impairments. ...Read more

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How to determine if I have mental retardation?

How to determine if I have mental retardation?

Intelligence: This is actually very straight forward. A licensed psychologist can administer an iq test as well as a test of adaptive functioning such as the vineland. If the iq score and adaptive scores fall at or below 70, then the person qualifies. Average iq is 100. ...Read more

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Mental retardation incidence in us--up or down?

Unchanged: Mr is relatively constant, partly because it is defined as a percentage of the population. One big change that has occurred over the past 10-15 years, though, is that many previously labeled as severe or profound mr now are called autistic. Mr is a less popular term--enough so that there the term is being dropped in favor of intellectual disability. ...Read more

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Please tell me the types of mental retardation.?

Several levels: Broadly, mr is divided into mild, moderate, severe, and profound, contrasting actual function to chronological age. For a 10 yo, mild mr is 5-7 yo; for moderate mr, 3-5 yo; for severe mr, 2-4 yo; and for profound mr, 1-2 yo. This is not always precise--some may be stronger is some areas an weaker in others. Also, the more severe the mr, the quicker the child reaches maximum performance levels. ...Read more

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I'm curious as to why mental retardation happens?

Many possibilities: A brain can be genetically abnormal (chromosome defect).It can be genetically normal but injured by toxins (lead, alcohol).It can be injured by disease, meningitis, cytomegalovirus, etc. It can suffer trauma (car crash, head injury). Each event can lead to a decline in the functional capacity of any brain with impairment varying as the degree of the disorder. ...Read more

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What are the different kinds of mental retardation?

Intellectual Disa-: Bility = a significant impairment in cognitive & adaptive functioning that began before 18. IQ, measured by tests of ability to think abstractly, learn & problem-solve, is 50-70 in Mild I.D., 35-49 in Moderate, 20-34 in Severe & below 20 in Profound. See http://pediatrics.med. Nyu. Edu/conditions-we-treat/conditions/intellectual-disability for levels of adaptive deficits & a list of causes. ...Read more

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Is there a way to check mental retardation symptoms?

Is there a way to check mental retardation symptoms?

Yes: There are developmental milestones joe children. If a child is behind, there i'd cause for concern. There is specialized neuropsych testing. ...Read more

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How does mild mental retardation sompare to moderate?

Level of severity: Mr is divided into mild, moderate, severe, and profound. A 10 year old with mild mr would function at the 5-7 yo level; for moderate mr at the 3-5 yo level; for severe mr, at the 2-4 yo level, and for profound mr at the 1-2 yo level. Unfortunately, not only does mr slow learning; but, the more severe the mr the more quickly a child reaches maximum function. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Mental retardation?

What is the definition or description of: Mental retardation?

It is not simple: Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living.
For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety.
The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate, (between 35 and 50), severe and profound.
In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care.
It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, educational and social support. ...Read more

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What are the leading causes of severe or profound mental retardation?

Genetics and injury: The most serious forms of mr typically have genetic causes are result for intrauterine trauma (e.g., viral infections) or head injury after birth. Many syndromes have been identified that are associated with these levels of severity, but most remain undetermined. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how to understanding mental illenss and mental retardation?

Can you tell me how to understanding mental illenss and mental retardation?

Very different: Mental illness and mental retardation are two very different things and not neccesarily related. If you have questions about either, you could ask your physician, you could read a good book on the subjects, or you could talk to people who have these conditions. Doctors who treat these conditions are very helpful, and there are many in your area at Illinois Neurologic Institute in Peoria. ...Read more

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Mild mental retardation if you have it can your child have it just out of curiosity?

Mild mental retardation if you have it can your child have it just out of curiosity?

It depends on: If the deficits are from genetic or environmental issues. If they are genetic, then it could be passed down to the next generation. There are a number of genetic syndromes that can be associated with deficits, but that is not to say anyone with impairments have them. Also, lets try to avoid the word retardation; its become too derogatory. Need to know root cause before knowing chances. ...Read more

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What do you suggest if I'm so bored due to my mental retardation what can I do about this?

Mental retardation: The secret is to find out what interests you most and develop those subjects or interests, best way to avoid being bored. ...Read more

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Mental retardation is a well known term. How many think it should be changed to get away from the r word?

See below: The current terms used are intellectual impairment, mental deficiency or disability. Nobody use the term mental retardation anymore. ...Read more

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I was checked for mental retardation and all the tests came back negative but I still am in special ed. Why?

Good question: Any learning disability, behavioral problem or other special needs might qualify someone for special ed even if their IQ is normal. ...Read more

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What to do if I have 47 chromosomes and no mental retardation, what are the odds?

What to do if I have 47 chromosomes and no mental retardation, what are the odds?

Depends: You did not specify the constituent of extra chromosome, autosomal or sex one. If you have Klinfelter syndrome (47XXY), odds to have a normal IQ is high (average IQ: 85-90). ...Read more

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How are mental retardation and autism different?

How are mental retardation and autism different?

IQ measure: Mental retardation only reflects points in a scale of intelligency, determined through standarized tests. Autism, on the other hand, is a set of typical behaviors considered abnormal, in different areas of functioning. Dsm 4 criteria is available online, check it out. Both conditions may coexist. ...Read more

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Is there a surgery that can help with mental retardation?

No: Mr is a functional diagnosis. I am not aware of any structureal abnormality or connection abnormality tha tcan be improved with surgery. ...Read more

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Please tell me the symptoms of mental retardation in a toddler?

Definitions: Generally, global developmental delay is the term used at that age. If testing shows a toddler's overall functioning to be < 50% of what it should be for his age, he is at risk for intellectual disability (formerly mental retardation) when tested at age 6. Another clue is lack of significant progress over time, despite having early intervention services to increase his rate of development. ...Read more

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How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

Not quite the same: The term mental retardation is an old term that refers to brain problems present at birth or in early development. Alcohol and drug use can and do cause a loss of cognitive function in adults. Alcohol kills brain cells; some drugs deplete certain neurotransmitters. ...Read more

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Is there any kind of psychotherapy that can help improve mental retardation?

Is there any kind of psychotherapy that can help improve mental retardation?

Not exactly: Mental retardation does not change but social skills and ability to cope in the world with "slowed learning" could improve through behavioral modification ...Read more

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What is the chance if my son had hie that he will have problems with mental retardation in the future?

What is the chance if my son had hie that he will have problems with mental retardation in the future?

Risk factors: The sarnat neurological score, physical findings and eeg results in a newborn helps predict risk of developmental delays/ intellectual disability/cerebral palsy. Infants with stage 1 mild symptoms for <24 hours or moderate symptoms stage 2, for < 5 days have low risk. Higher risk is stage 2 > 7 days. Stage 3 severe symptoms + seizures on eeg, 70% risk. A type of MRI (dwi) can show injury early. ...Read more

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What resources are available for a 22 year old with moderate mental retardation that wants to live independently?

Check MHMR/The ARC: Many states like texas have programs run through regional centers like our mental health mental retardation center that provide training programs & services to kids & adults alike. The arc, formerly assn for retarded citizens, has many chapters throughout the country providing similar programs advice for families. Either group is a good starting place to find what's available. ...Read more

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Is there any type of cure or therapy for mental retardation?

No cure, but help.: Mental retardation, now referred to as intellectual disability, is defined as having an iq of less than 70 and also experiencing difficulty in social areas. A person's iq does not change over time, but it is important to do everything to help them reach their potential. In many cases, speech, occupational, and/or physical therapies are useful. They also need the best educational setting available. ...Read more

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What are the signs of mental retardation at age 16 months? My sons says 7 words, and doesn't make sentences yet

What are the signs of mental retardation at age 16 months? My sons says 7 words, and doesn't make sentences yet

Language development: Varies a great deal. Not all toddlers develop language at the same rate or in the same way. By 2 years of age, children typically begin to connect words, such as “go” and “bye, bye” to make the simple sentence “Go bye-bye.” By 3 years, many toddlers are able to form a variety of sentences with three or four words. Developmental testing by a trained professional can help identifies delays. ...Read more