facet arthropathy and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy

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What is neural forminal hypertrophic vhanges of the ligamentum flavum bilataterally bulging of intervertebral disc and facet arthropathy?

Anatomy

Diskectomy
Not enough space here to write. If you google these things, you will find nice pictures to explain it all. Foramen is the "hole" in the bone where your nerve roots exit. Facets are the joints that hold vertebrae together. Ligamentum Flavum is a ligament within the bones that runs down the spinal canal. All of these problems you mention can lead to back pain and nerve related pain.
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Dr. Atif Haque answered:

What is bilateral facet and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy?

Degeneration

Spinal_stenosis
Hypertropy of the facets and ligamentum flavum refers to the expansion of these structures in the setting of degeneration. These can cause stenosis (narrowing) with compromise of the nerves going to the legs, as well as back pain.
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In laymen term what is "there is left T-2-T3 and T3-T-4 facet disease and ligamentum flavum prominence that affects the postlateral margin of calsac?

Facet changes

Open-uri20130327-748-1er7047
The facet joints are positioned in the spine like wheels of a tricycle. The front wheel is the disc, the facets the two smaller wheels in back. In the center, seat area, is the spinal cord. Arthritic changes cause the facet joints to narrow or spur, and the sheet of ligament near them to thicken. In a single word, this indicates "arthritis."
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Dr. Neil Ellis answered:

What should I do about L5-s1 mild bilateral facet arthropathy & hypertrophy?

Interventional Pain

Back_pain
See an interventional pain physician. Radiofrequency lesioning has good results for facet arthropathy.
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I got an mri 8yearsago. finding are ... there is mild hypertrophy of l4-l5 and l5-s1 bilaterally. -Impression: mild facet arthropathy same spots..

Mild arthritis

Open-uri20130330-29701-190nud8
Abnormal MRI scans are more the norm, actually. As we age, just like wrinkles of the skin, the disks and joints of the back age and will show signs of arthritis. This does not mean pain. The vast majority of people with abnormal findings, in fact, are asymptomatic. In the absence of pain, really nothing further to do. These findings I would consider fairly normal for age.
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what is lumbar facet arthropathy?

Joint degeneration

Leg
There is a pair on joints, one right, one left, to the side of the spinal canal (the channel for the nerves to and from the legs). They are behind the disk and vertebral bodies (biggest part of spinal bone). Arthropathy is degeneration, or wear & tear. It is sometimes called arthritis, but arthrosis is more accurate. It can be painful; it can also cause nerve pressure, that is leg pain.
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What causes facet joint arthropathy?

Age and/or injury

Joints
Usually with age, facet joint degenerative changes occur as the discs become degenerative and narrow in height it alters the mechanics of the facet joints at the same levels. Injury to the joints and obesity which can overload the joints can lead to facet joint arthropathy or degeneration. Exercise may be protective.
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How serious is a mild facet arthropathy?

It isn't

Weight_management
It is not serious and can be controlled with proper exercise, body mechanics, weight control as well as with smoking cessation. Sometimes, anti-inflammatory medication can be used.
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What exactly is facet joint arthropathy?

Degenerative changes

A term used to describe degenerative changes of the facet joint.
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What does multilevel facet arthropathy mean?

It implies that

Joints
there is some degenerative changes (wearing of the joints) in the facet joint. At every spinal level there are 2 facet joints.
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