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External Carotid Artery Anatomy
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
MRI vertebrobasilar hypoplasia right side theres robust flow void anastomosing the basilar artery w cavernous portion of internal carotid artery/mean?
Normal variant: The arteries at the base of the brain can course in several different patterns but ultimately get the job done, that is, supply brain tissue. Your pattern is like your fingerprint. Some more unusual patterns have an increased association with aneurysms, but this would have likely been described if present and vertebro basilar hypoplasia, as in the picture, is pretty common. ...Read more
Chronic radial artery occlusion. Pain in hand arterial doppler shows interosseos artery enlarged. Ulnar artery responsbile for profusion. Advice?
Normal Carotid Doppler Studies.1- Right ICA encircling the Internal carotic artery. 2- Complex mass in the right thyroid lobe. History Neck cancer.
Arteriosclerotic internal carotid & vertebro basilar arteries predominantly the left vertebrobasilar segment appearing tortuous with slight prominence?
Doppler Ultrasound: Ultrasound has proven to be cost-effective and quite accurate in determining the degree of narrowing in the carotid artery. Many vascular surgeons, including myself, solely rely on it to decide whether someone needs an operation. Mra is not so good and over-estimates the actual degree of narrowing. I would not rely on its findings to decide on operating. As mentioned a cta is much better. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Usually for re-stenosis most surgeon will perform stenting if indicated instead of redo surgery although no true benefit of stenting over surgery in these cases. In acute sitting , yes stenting is being done to repair a post carotid surgery flap or dissection. ...Read moreSee 5 more doctor answers
Elderly Hypertensive: Carotid stenosis usually occurs secondary to longstanding atherosclerosis. Risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, and coronary artery disease. It takes time for atherosclerotic plaques to develop, so most patients with carotid artery stenosis are older adults. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
2 things: Carotid artery stenosis means narrowing of the artery. Stroke is death or damage to brain due to circulatory issues. Many strokes (approx 1/3rd) are due to carotid artery disease. Although frequently connected, they are not the same. Many strokes occur without carotid stenosis. Many carotids are completely occluded (slowly) without resultant strokes. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
No.: No.Get a more detailed answer ›
Yes: The short answer is yesGet a more detailed answer ›
Plaque removal: Remote endarterectomy is a less invasive.Get a more detailed answer ›
Chest wall: The ima [internal thoracic artery or internal mammary artery] branches supply the chest wall structures including the ribs, muscles, breasts continueing and perforating superfically to supply the abdominal wall structures as the superior epigastric artery. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Carotid surgery: Carotid surgery should be done when risk of not doing so higher. Stroke risk lowest for asymptomatic stenosis, higher in those with TIAs and yet higher with prior stroke. Risk of MI can be higher than stroke risk. Slight risk of bleeding, real but low risk cranial nerve injury, low risk of surgically significant carotid renarrowing. Generally stroke risk lower for surgery, MI risk lower for stent. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Tradional CABG: A traditional cabg, involves using the heart-lung machine to sustain circulation while the heart is stopped so it can be operated on. Saphenous vein and an artery from the inside of the chest wall (lima) are used to bypass the blocked part of the coronary arteries. When the bypass grafts are completed, the heart will naturally start beating again. ...Read more
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