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Doctor insights on: Explain The Condition Called Botulism

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Explain the condition called botulism.?

Explain the condition called botulism.?

Botulism: Botulism is a rare but serious. It is caused by toxins from bacteria called clostridium botulinum. Botulism comes in three main forms: infant botulism, from food, from wounds. Botulism can lead to death, and is a medical emergency. ...Read more

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Dr. Ricardo Maselli
176 doctors shared insights

Botulinum Poisoning (Definition)

An illness due to toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. ...Read more


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Explain the condition called brucellosis.?

Explain the condition called brucellosis.?

Bacterial infection: It is a bacterial infection, usally acquired from animals. In humans it causes fever, enlargment of liver and spleen, and bone pains. It is not transmitted from one person to another. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called a clostridium infection.?

Explain the condition called a clostridium infection.?

Several kinds: Clostridium is a bacterial genus. There are many species:c. Perfringens causes gas gangrene, c. Botulinum causes botulism (food poisoning). C. Difficele produces a toxin that causes severe diarrhea and fever. It occurs as a result of overgrowth of c. Difficele in the colon, which is an adverse effect following the use of antibiotics. It is treatable with antibiotics directed specifically at it, . ...Read more

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Explain the condition called bronchiectasis.?

Explain the condition called bronchiectasis.?

Bronchiectasis: Bronchiectasis is a disease of the lungs defined as an irreversible dilation and widening of the large airways. Symptoms are numerous, and include chronic cough, bloody sputum, fatigue, shortness of breath and weight loss. Diagnosis and treatment are best handled by a lung doctor (pulmonologist). ...Read more

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Explain the condition called a campylobacter infection.?

Explain the condition called a campylobacter infection.?

Diarrhea: Campylobacter is a bacterial genus that includes the species "jejuni" which is one of many bacterial species that often cause acute, infectious diarrhea. It is self-limiting, rarely lasts >7-10 days, and can be treated with antibiotics but doesn't necessarily require treatment other than fluid replacement. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called toxoplasmosis in pregnancy.?

Explain the condition called toxoplasmosis in pregnancy.?

Infection: Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the parasite toxoplasma gondii. It can affect the brain, lung, heart, eyes, or liver. You can get it from handling cat litter. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called barotrauma.?

Explain the condition called barotrauma.?

Barotrauma...: ...Usually refers to damage to the lungs of a patient on a ventilator. It is almost always used to specifically mean air escaping the lung into the pleura (pneumothorax) or the mediastinum (area between the lungs; a pneumomediastinum). While it is a common complication in people with severe acute respiratory failure (e.g. Ards), by itself it has no impact on the probability of survival. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called childhood diabetes.

Explain the condition called childhood diabetes.

Not accepted term : I assume you are referring to type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disorder, in which the body makes antibodies against its own Insulin producing cells. These patients can only be treated with insulin. We don't use "childhood" or "juvenile" diabetes anymore because children can get type 2, which is due to Insulin resistance usually from being overweight, and adults can get type 1. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called a birth injury.?

Explain the condition called a birth injury.?

Birth injury: Any type of injury to the fetus or mother during the labor and delivery process. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called a bowel obstruction.?

Explain the condition called a bowel obstruction.?

Blockage: A bowel obstruction may be from the large (colon) or small intestine. Blockages generally are from extrinsic (outside forces pushing the bowel closed at a point) or intrinsic (something inside the bowel blocking it). They may be partial allowing some liquids to pass or total blockages. Totals are surgical emergencies and need immediate attention. Commoon causes are tumors, adhesions, volvulus... ...Read more

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Explain the condition called muscle swelling.?

Explain the condition called muscle swelling.?

Inflammation also: Besides injuries people can have inflamation in their muscles called myositis. This can occur in connective tissue diseases like poly or dermatomyositis. Some of the statin drugs that treat high cholesterol can have muscle problems called "statin myopathy", but a serious type of muscle inflammation called rhabdomyolysis can occur and cause muscle swelling. This can occur with others. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called infant cerebral palsy.?

Explain the condition called infant cerebral palsy.?

Motor deficit: Cerebral palsy is defined as a disorder of movement & posture caused by an injury to the developing nervous system that occurs before the 3rd birthday.Origins are diverse from oxygen loss in the womb to infections of the brain & more. Impairment interferes with smooth control large or small movements. There can be additional separate issues but CP focuses on the movement. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called a birth defect.?

Explain the condition called a birth defect.?

Varies: There are many defects that could be present at the time of birth(genetic, structural, developmental, etc) that would be included in the list of birth defects - that is far too numerous to list here. Essentially anything that is not normal at the time of birth could be a "birth defect". ...Read more

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Explain the condition called liver inflammation.?

Explain the condition called liver inflammation.?

Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver is called hepatitis and there are many causes: alcohol, drugs / medications, viral infections (hepatitis a, b, c), autoimmune disorders (autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis), and metabolic disorders (non-alcoholic fatty liver dz, wilson dz, hemochromatosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Important to see a hepatologist. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called a bowel perforation.?

Explain the condition called a bowel perforation.?

See below: A bowel perforation is an emergency, serious condition where the intestines are leaking internally. Usually it is associated with severe abdominal pain, vomiting, fevers. There are many causes of perforation such as stomach ulcer, small bowel injury from scar tissue, perforated appendicitis, perforated diverticulitis, etc. All these are serious and will require emergency surgery. ...Read more

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What is the condition called nocturnal myoclonus?

What is the condition called nocturnal myoclonus?

Benign usually: This is now termed paroxysmal limb movements of sleep, and is a benign event similar to restless leg syndrome. Like rls, it may respond well to bedtime Dopamine agonists such as ropinarole or pramipexole. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called being allergic to eggs.?

Explain the condition called being allergic to eggs.?

Common problem: ...And increasing in prevalence, and egg allergy is among the more common. The immune system can recognize the egg protein as foreign and result in an acute, sometimes severe, allergic reactions. These can be life threatening to the allergic individual. People with food allergies should always carry an Epinephrine injector. Egg allergies often go away, unlike nut allergies which are also common. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Emergency: ARDS is a general term for acute respiratory failure in which the capillaries in the lungs leak causing the air spaces to fill with fluid. There are many causes. Treatment requires supplemental oxygen and a search for the underlying cause. Mechanical ventilation with a "breathing machine" temporarily is necessary in many cases. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called blocked arteries.?

Explain the condition called blocked arteries.?

Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries, it is secondary to fat, cholesterol, and other substances deposition on the walls of arteries which forms hard structures called plaque. ...Read more

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