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Doctor insights on: Explain The Condition Called Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome

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Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Emergency: ARDS is a general term for acute respiratory failure in which the capillaries in the lungs leak causing the air spaces to fill with fluid. There are many causes. Treatment requires supplemental oxygen and a search for the underlying cause. Mechanical ventilation with a "breathing machine" temporarily is necessary in many cases. ...Read more

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Dr. Tanya Russo
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Respiratory System (Definition)

The respiratory system consists of all organs in the body related to breathing including the nose, mouth, trachea and lungs. All four of these are ...Read more


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Describe the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Describe the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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What describes the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Death of...: ...Cells that produce surfactant in the lungs. Surfactant keeps the alveolar walls from sticking together, and so keeps lungs open for breathing. Once these cells die, alveoli collapse. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

What is the treatment for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Supportive: The treatment for ARDS is mainly supportive. First and foremost is to get at the underlying cause, like infection or pneumonia. Once the disease sets in, however, you need to support the patient: with oxygen, a ventilator if necessary, nutrition, and the like. Sometimes, but this is still controversial among lung doctors, steroids can help in ards. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

Fluid in lungs: ARDS ( first called da nang lung as it was seen in the wounded in the vietnam war) is seen with many kinds of injuries to the lung either direct like pneumonia, or indirect like traumatic injury). Inflammation starting in the lung or elsewhere causes the lung to become fluid filled, stiff and leads to respiratory failure. Treatment is mechanical ventilator support and treatment underlying cause. ...Read more

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What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

Two types: Sepsis syndrome, severe multiple trauma, and aspiration of saliva/gastric contents account for most cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome in the adult. Rds of the newborn is a completely different entity and a common problem in preterm infants. It is caused by deficiency of pulmonary surfactant in an immature lung. ...Read more

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome are the same thing?

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome are the same thing?

Degree of injury: Bpd is likely to occur in infants whose rds was prolonged and whose airway pressures for ventilation were high enough to produce the level of airway injury seen with bpd. The human system has a great capacity to repair itself over time & the bpd kid is the one whose lungs may show abnormalities for several years while the transient rds kid's lung is essentially normal by age 1. ...Read more

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What is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards)?

What is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards)?

ARDS: A lung injury caused by many different conditions where the membrane separating the air space from the blood space becomes porous allowing fluid to fill up the air spaces and prevent o2 transport. The lung becomes stiff and difficult to inflate increasing the work of breathing. Most people will require a ventilator and ICU care. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Adult respiratory distress syndrome?

What is the definition or description of: Adult respiratory distress syndrome?

ARDS: ARDS, now know as acute respiratory distress syndrome, is an acute inflammatory respiratory illness resulting from lung injury that usually leads to respiratory failure and need for intubation/mechanical ventilation. It can be caused by an initial insult directly (as in a pneumonia) or indirectly (sepsis) to the lungs. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called infant developmental delay.?

Explain the condition called infant developmental delay.?

It refers to any: Condition (there are very many) that causes a child to mature, physically or mentally, at a slower rate than most other babies. There are growth delays, speech delays, cognitive (thinking) delays, gross motor (walking etc.) and fine motor (picking up small objects, etc.) delays. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called chronic fatigue syndrome (c.F.S.).?

Explain the condition called chronic fatigue syndrome (c.F.S.).?

Still a mystery: Chronic fatigue syndrome refers to severe, continued tiredness that is not relieved by rest and is not directly caused by other medical conditions. As part of the definition of cfs other conditions known to cause fatigue are not present. The cause of cfs is still a mystery but there is often evidence of immune dysfunction and many theorize it is caused by viruses. Please see my comments for more:. ...Read more

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Can docs please explain are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?

Can docs please explain are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?

No: Respiratory distress syndrome refers to immaturity of the lungs and the resulting constellation of symptoms seen in premature infants. Bronchi pulmonary dysphasia or chronic lung disease is often the end result of severe RDS which required lots of respiratory support and refers to the prolonged need for oxygen or diuretic or bronchodilator therapy to treat these relatively maldeveloped lungs. ...Read more

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What is beractant prescribed for? Does it treat RDS (respiratory distress syndrome)?

What is beractant prescribed for? Does it treat RDS (respiratory distress syndrome)?

Beractant: It is a natural surfactant material extracted from bovine (cattle) lungs. Surfactant is a mix of proteins and lipids that naturally exists in our lungs to prevent complete collapse on exhaling. This material does not form till near end of pregnancy ( more than 34-35 weeks). Preterm babies who demonstrate evidence of significant RDS after birth are given beractant to help overcome the condition. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

RDS: Is due to immaturity of the lungs at birth. The lungs produce a product called surfactant as they mature, prior to completion of the pregnancy term. When a baby is pre-term, then there may be a lack of adequate surfactant. This is called respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant helps the lungs to inflate properly so they can exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. It usually improves in days. ...Read more

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Which is the link between surfactant and respiratory distress syndrome?

Deficiency: The rds comes in 2 basic forms. That of premature infants that do not yet make enough surfactant, and the older kid/adult who looses their surfactant during an illness or toxic event. The surfactant helps assure that the bag like alveoli of the lung air exchange does not empty completely like a balloon. If it does, extra pressure is needed to inflate it to allow oxygen exchange. ...Read more

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What are the tests for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

What are the tests for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Not many: ARDS is a clinical disease; usually, chest xrays are usually suggestive. Ct scans of the chest are better. Sometimes, lung biopsies done by a lung surgeon are necessary to get at the diagnosis. There is no real blood test for the test. If you think you have ards, you should definitely seek immediate medical attention. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is acute respiratory distress syndrome?

ARDS: Check out http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ards/basics/definition/con-20030070 for info on ARDS which is described as fluid build up in lung sacs (alveoli). ...Read more

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What is respiratory distress syndrome rds?

What is respiratory distress syndrome rds?

RDS: We build our lungs in stages like building a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after air breathing starts.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so many will deflate leading to distress. Assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfacta. ...Read more

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Are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?

Are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?

Not exactly: Premature babies often develop respiratory distress syndrome (rds) from being on ventilators with extra oxygen in order to survive. If they don't recover completely, rds can turn into a chronic lung condition in babies and children which makes breathing difficult and sometimes requires prolonged oxygen support. The chronic condition is called bronchopulmonary dysplasia. ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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