exophytic kidney cyst

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Dr. Raj P. Singh answered:

What does it mean to have complex exophytic cyst in kidney?

It means that

Kidney
the cyst is not empty and has complex material inside it. Kidney cancer has to be excluded by a CT scan with iv dye in cases of complex cyst
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How soon does a kidney cyst develop?

Anytime

Kidney
Kidney cyst can already be present at birth, develop in childhood or as an adult. A simple kidney cyst is very common, in fact present in up to 1 in every 3 humans & usually require no treatment unless they become symptomatic.
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What are the symptoms of a kidney cyst?

Most, no...

Cyst
Kidney cysts are common and more 50% of humans have cyst(s) after age 50, but happen to the younger; yet, most of them are symptom-free and harmless although usually growing slowly over time. As to how to follow them, that depends on the characteristics of cysts on imaging studies and the updating professional experience over time down the road. So, for detail, ask urologist... Best wish...
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Dr. Ed Friedlander answered:

Complex kidney cyst biopsy can be deadly?

Stop worrying

Cyst
The worst that can happen is some heavy-duty bleeding and a trip to the operating room. A fraction of a percent of kidney biopsies are followed by this adventure, but I'd be MUCH more worried about not having a tissue diagnosis on that cyst.
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I had a kidney cyst, do I need to go to ER?

No.

Cyst
Follow up with your primary care physician. Only go to the ER if you have an acute issue that needs immediate attention.
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Dr. Ed Friedlander answered:

Can kidney cyst compromise my immune system?

No.

Kidney
One person in four has a simple kidney cyst. Ignore it. I wish all the questions here were this easy! Thanks for writing.
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Will a complex kidney cyst go away on its own?

Surveillance

Kidney
Complex kidney cyst should be followed by serial ultrasounds.Most of the cysts remain unchanged, however some may either increase or decrease in size. Complex cysts must be followed by serial imaging.
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What are the signs that complex kidney cyst is cancer?

Multiple features

Cyst
Complex cysts, vs. simple cysts, share common walls with other cysts, have solid components in the walls, or calcifications. The radiologist will opine if features look suspicious and either recommend a repeat ultrasound in 6 months, or a CT to further clarify.
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Dr. Jason A. Kline answered:

Can a simple kidney cyst change to a complex malignant cyst?

No.

Kidney
Simple cysts are common and at your age 1 or 2 found in your kidneys are not worrisome. A simple cyst is not cancerous but if injury to that cyst leads to small bleeding within it, it can look "complex", meaning it is not easily distinguished from something more concerning such as cancer. These cysts warrant closer monitoring. Hope this helps!
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Complex kidney cyst on right kidney. How would this be removed?

? size, ? location

Kidney_cyst
Can possibly removed by robot assisted surgery if robot available & surgeon is robot trained. Might be candidate for hand assisted laparoscopic surgery or laparoscopically depending upon size & location. Could also be removed by open flank or transabdominal surgery. Discuss with your urologist & don't be shy about getting second opinion if necessary. Good Luck
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