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Doctor insights on: Exophthalmia Thyroid

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Dr. Mark Ingerman
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more


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How is exophthalmos related to thyroid?

How is exophthalmos related to thyroid?

Exopthalmos: Associated with graves disease or hyperthyroidism is thought related to autoimmune process behind eyes. ...Read more

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Why does excess thyroid cause exophthalmos?

Medscape answers: "…etiology of thyroid-related orbitopathy is autoimmune-mediated inflammatory process of orbital tissues, predominantly affecting fat & extraocular muscles. Lymphocytes, plasma, & mast cells are cellular constituents in this process. Deposition of glycosaminoglycans & influx of water increase the orbital contents. Obstrxn of superior ophthalmic vein also contributes to orbital engorgement". ...Read more

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Exophthalmos is a disorder caused by hypersecretion from thyroid?

Exophthalmos is a disorder caused by hypersecretion from thyroid?

Exophthalmos: No. This condition is independent of hyper or hypo thyroidism. It is caused by antibodies associated with autoimmune thyroid disease. Theses inflame the eye lining. ...Read more

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How is exophthalmos related to thyroid dysfunction?

How is exophthalmos related to thyroid dysfunction?

Exophthalmos: Bulging eyes is a symptom of Graves Disease. This is autoimmune hyperthyroidism. The autoantibodies cross tear with proteins in the eye muscles and blind the eye to cause swelling which pushed the eyeball out of the socket. ...Read more

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Why does thyroid hormone cause exophthalmos?

Why does thyroid hormone cause exophthalmos?

Exophthalmos: It does not. Graves disease which is associated with prominent eyes causes antibodies to inflame the surrounding tissues around the eyes. Graves also causes antibodies to stimulate the thyroid causing hyperthyroidism. It is not the high thyroid hormone levels that cause eye prominence. ...Read more

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What are exophthalmos?

What are exophthalmos?

Bulging eyes: Exophthalmos, sometimes also called proptosis, is a condition where the eyes appear to be bulging out of their orbits. It is often seen in hyperthyroidism and usually results from thickening of the muscles around the eyes. This can be seen on certain imaging studies and can be treated by low dose radiation therapy, medication and/or orbital decompression if the circulation is compromised. ...Read more

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What is exophthalmos gravidarum?

What is exophthalmos gravidarum?

Bulging eyes: Exophthalmos means the eyes are bulging forward, giving you a "popeye" look. It is commonly associated with thyroid dysfunction. I can't find any association with "gravidarum." gravid means pregnancy, but I have never seen an association between bulging eyes and pregnancy. ...Read more

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Why is guanethidine used for exophthalmos?

It isn't: It is a rarely used anti-hypertensive agent. It would have no effect on exophthalamos. ...Read more

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Can you have both hyper and hypo thyroidism?

Can you have both hyper and hypo thyroidism?

Not simultaneously: Hi. Yes, you can, but not simultaneously. For example, treatment of Graves' disease often renders the patients hypothyroid. Hypothyroidism can sequentially follow hyperthyroidism. Same for a self limited process called a subacute thyroiditis - hyperthyroidism followed by hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism can be over treated causing hyperthyroidism. Hyper and hypo cannot be present at the same time. ...Read more