Doctor insights on:
Exocrine Gland Disorders
Pancreas: Endocrine hormones are secreted into the bloodstream to cause effects in other parts of the body. The pancreas secretes Insulin and glucagon to cause these effects. Exocrine hormones are secreted into body cavities with tubes connecting the producing gland into a body cavity. The pancreas secretes a variety of substances into the intestinal tract. ...Read more
Can you tell me about pancreas, it is both an exocrine and an endocrine gland. However, if you were two classify it one of the categories, in which would you place it?
Pancreas: Can you tell me about pancreas, it is both an exocrine and an endocrine gland. However, if you were two classify it one of the categories, in which would you place it? ANS: it excretes enzymes into the gut and insulin into the blood. So both. If it is sick it could be one or the other only. If not sick then it is both. ...Read more
"human pancreatic exocrine response to nutrients in health and disease" bmj 2005 figure 2 says lipase post-lundh meal should rise 5x. Is this correct?
Maybe, but...: That graph is a generalization, based on other scientists' studies (one would have to review the original studies). The graph shows pancreatic "enzyme delivery into the duodenum increases rapidly and reaches maximal values within the first postprandial hour", which means it's an estimate of the amount of enzyme put into the small intestine to digest food... Not a measure of lipase on a blood test. ...Read more
Control is ok: Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is often the result of recurrent episodes of pancreatic inflammation and is not often cured. Symptoms result from inadequate enzymes released into intestine to assist digestion. Replacement enzymes can alleviate symptoms when taken pre meal. ...Read more
Digestive Enzymes: The pancreas' main exocrine function is to produce enzymes which help digest carbs, protein, and fats. These enzymes are made in acinar cells and travel down a duct to the small intestine (2nd stage of duodenum). Insufficiency can either be from an obstruction in said duct or a decreased synthesis of the enzymes from damage or fibrosis of pancreatic tissue, most commonly secondary to pancreatitis. ...Read more
You must spend time with your doctor who will do what is needed. You may also need to be seen by a Specialist.
All should go well! ...Read more
How do you know if and when you've lost exocrine function and how long does it take for this to occur?
What: Do you mean Endocrine function???Get a more detailed answer ›
What things can cause pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, apart from alcohol? Provide an answer for the patient who never imbibes alcohol.
Destruction: Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency typically occurs after destruction of the pancrease, (pancrelipase) usually from chronic pancreatitis. Causes include, gallstones, alcohol, hi triglycerides, autoimmune, hemachromatosis, medications, pancreatic divism ; sphincter of odi dysfunction. Other causes could be cystic fibrosis, cancer/tumor growth, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, or idiopathic. ...Read more
Pituitary Dis: Pituitary gland has two parts, the adenohypophysis produces hormones like fsh, lh, human growth, igf-1, prolactin, and prolactin releasing dactors, acth, beta-endorphine, tsh, melanocyte stimulating hormone. On the posterior part or neuro-hypophysis: vasopresin or anti-diuretic hormone, oxitocine. Most. Common conditions are bening tumors producing excessive hormone (prolactinomas) or lack of hormo. ...Read more
Hashimoto's: Hashimoto's thyroiditis can cause this. What is your tpo ab level? You may be sensitive to dairy and wheat as well. Dairy, wheat and sugar grow e.Coli which can release inflammatory substances that aggravate auto-immune problems. Quinoa is the best grain if soaked 8 hours and rinsed well before cooking. See kelly mcgonigal's book, the will power instinct for successful life style changes. ...Read more
Acne and sebaceous cysts are common disorders of sebaceous glands. Carcinomas can arise from sebaceous glands, as these lesion can from any epithelium.
For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form.
Practice safe sex, if you have sex. ...Read more
Too much, too little: Hi. The anterior pituitary hormones are TSH, ACTH, GH, LH, FSH, Prolactin (PRL). Disease occurs when ANY of them are over-produced or under-produced, although the frequency of such disease states varies widely (although ALL said diseases are, at face value, uncommon). Famous ones are Cushing's, acromegaly, and prolactinoma. ...Read more
I read that the only way to confirm Kikuchi Fujimoto disease is to remove the lymph gland. Isn't that really painful?
Self limited disease: Biopsy should not be painful!Get a more detailed answer ›
Addison's disease: Chronic adrenal insufficiency, hypocortisolism, and hypoadrenalism) is a rare endocrine disease. The adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones (glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids). It may produce relatively nonspecific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and weakness, and generally diagnosed by lab tests and imaging studies. ...Read more
Endocrine: I will refer this to experts in endocrinology and reproductive endocrinology. Thanks for asking this important question. ...Read more
What disorder do you have - too much adrenal hormone or too little? Surely you have seen a doctor about this.
If not, please do so.
Also go on-line and find some articles on adrenal gland disorders - there are many articles that are easy to read and understand. You could also go to your Public Library and look at some books about hormones. ...Read more
High or Low function:
Here is a good reference
http://my. Clevelandclinic. Org/disorders/adrenal/endo_description. Aspx. ...Read more
Adrenal gland prob: What is the definition or description of: Adrenal gland disorders? ANS: I specialize in these and there are more than 100. It is as disorder that has its origin in the adrenal gland. Some are congenital, some acquired, some due to infections, some do to not enough hormone, some due to too much, some due to cancer, some due to medications, some due to immune problems, some due to surgery. ...Read more
Perspecitve: Lots of difficult endocrine disorders which will affect life. Some include: pituitary failure, men (esp 2), some disorders of sexual differentiation where we don't know the sex of the baby at birth (and others), autoimmune polyglandular syndromes, stim g-protein disorders (mccune albright). It's hard to say which is the worst because all of them are so life-changing for the patients & families. ...Read more
Adrenal or pituitary: What is the cause of your addison's? If the adrenals have failed, then the pituitary may be working fine, but the pituitary acth cannot stimulate a dead adrenal. If the pituitary is the cause of the addison's, then other hormones may also be affected. Best to discuss with your endocrinologist. ...Read more
Is chronic enlargement of submandibular gland in sjogren's syndrome dangerous? Is it suggesting a end stage disease?
Salivary disorders: You have 6 major and hundreds of minor salivary glands. They make saliva (spit), which is important for oral hygiene and digestion. Your 6 main glands are the paired parotid (in cheeks), submandibular (under the jaw) and lingual (in the floor of the mouth). A "disorder" would encompass many problems like infection, blockage (salivary stones), inflammation, tumors, etc. ...Read more
Usually...: The most common problem is "sialoadenitis" where the gland gets blocked up, and becomes painful and swollen. Dehydration is a common cause. This can be initially treated with hot compresses, good hydration (lots of water) and sour foods/liquids taken 5-10x/day (vinegar, lemon juice, sour candies, etc). Ask your doctor for details about what he/she thinks the problem is. Best wishes. ...Read more
Depends: You have major salivary glands as well as minor saliary glands that produce saliva. There are a number of salivary gland disorders. Whether or not you should be deeply concerned or not will depend upon your symptoms, the glands involved and the diagnosis provided for you by your doctor. ...Read more