Doctor insights on:
Executive Function Add
Other way around: Executive function is one facet of cognitive function (or impairment if lost). Apraxia (inability to do simple mechanical tasks like buttoning shirt), aphasia (inability to speak intelligibly), agnosia (inability to name recognizable objects) & memory loss are other components of cognitive function/impairment. This can be evaluated during any visit w/simple questions. ...Read more
Do antipsychotics affect cognitive functions like memory processing speed word recollection executive functions? What's the best?
Cognitive effects: The newer antipsychotics (second-generation antipsychotics) theoretically are supposed to assist with improving cognitive impairments in various mental health conditions, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, it is possible that a slowing of processes can occur with such medications. Efficacy and tolerability depend on the medication, side effect profile, and patient response. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Are there medications that can improve motivation, planning, and executive functioning deficits associated with nonverbal learning disability?
Executive function: Assuming you've had a thorough psychological evaluation, you might benefit from cognitive working memory training. Cogmed is a brain fitness program that is based on the concept of Neuroplasticity. Through training one can improve working memory. Helpful info is available at www.cogmed.com. There is a list of providers in your area.. ...Read more
Phosphatidylserine (fos-fuh-tie-dul-SER-een) is a dietary supplement that has received some interest as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease and other memory problems: Several studies with phosphatidylserine indicate improved cognitive abilities and behaviors. However, improvements lasted only a few months and were seen in people with the least severe symptoms. Initially, phosphatidylserine supplements were derived from the brain cells of cows. But because of concerns about mad cow disease, most manufacturers now produce the supplements from soy or cabbage derivatives. Preliminary studies have shown that plant-based phosphatidylserine supplements may also offer benefits, but more research is needed. However, no modern studies have continued to focus on phosphatidylserine, suggesting its limited effect. Keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration doesn't require manufacturers to provide evidence of the potential risks and benefits of phosphatidylserine — or of any supplement. Consult your doctor before starting any dietary supplement. ...Read more
Just fine: They function just fine, if it is something they are interested in. If not interested, then they become bored easily and lose focus. The problem with adhd is how to get them to be interested in the boring things of life. Until then, we rely on medications and other techniques to get through life. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
How does memory impairment affect the ability of an elder dementia patient to use verbal language?
Not great: The verbal langauage declines as the dementia progresses. Any new verbal and non-verbal language will not process into the brain for learning purpose and carrying out function. So stick with the simple and familiar verbal langauage for now. There is an interested concept of conservation for dementia individuals called "landmark" or "elderspeak". ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
If secondary to ADHD: Articles including 'effects of stimulant medication on cognitive performance of children with adhd' in clin pediatr june 2005 44: 405-411, address this question. When processing speed results from adhd, medications like Ritalin (methylphenidate) may produce significant but incomplete improvement. Many factors (brain functions) contribute to processing speed, including working memory. Assessment is important. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
How does memory impairment affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language?
Many ways: Comprehension of verbal language requires that the left temporal language areas are intact. Declarative memory that is not autobiographical or emotional charged requires an intact left temporal lobe (hippocampus and related structures. Language output requires intact left frontal lobe structures. Some memory systems are heavily invested in frontal lone circuitry. I could go on with more space ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Subtle question: In mania, people subjectively feel their performance is superior when actually it is not--it becomes degraded by distractability and flighty thinking. Yet underlying cognitive capacity remains intact. Mild mania (hypomania) provide boosts of energy that multiply the effect of intelligence even though, once again, the underlying capacity remains unchanged. Untreated bipolar reduces net performance. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Be a skeptic, not a: sucker, Walter. You can pretty much bank on it: Anything touted by health hucksters for anything will have no real evidence of effect. Common substances that improve memory & concentration are already well known, eg caffeine and nicotine. Check WebMD for updated info on what few supplements aid memory; the evidence is weak at best. Wake UP. Think like someone from our century, not the Middle Ages. ...Read more
Can huperzine A prevent memory loss and improve cognitive function in people with Alzheimer's disease?
Huperzine (HOOP-ur-zeen) A, a dietary supplement derived from the Chinese club moss Huperzia serrata, has received some interest as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease: Huperzine A acts as a cholinesterase inhibitor — a type of medication that works by improving the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain. Small early studies suggest that huperzine A may improve memory and protect nerve cells, which could slow the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer's. A recent meta-analysis found evidence that huperzine A may significantly improve cognitive performance in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Another study suggests that huperzine A appears to have many protective effects on the brain in addition to its role as a cholinesterase inhibitor. However, there is a lack of long-term safety data — most studies have lasted three months or less — and many participants in the trials experienced side effects, including nausea and vomiting. More studies are needed to determine possible benefits and long-term risks of huperzine A. For now, most doctors don't recommend taking huperzine A because Food and Drug Administration-approved cholinesterase inhibitor medications are available that have been tested for safety and effectiveness. The Alzheimer's Association recommends that you not take huperzine A if you're already taking a prescribed cholinesterase inhibitor, such as donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) or galantamine (galantamine hydrobromide) (Razadyne). Taking both could increase your risk of serious side effects. Consult with your doctor before starting any dietary supplement, including huperzine A. ...Read more
Indirectly, yes: Visual loss in and of itself will not cause a loss of cognitive function. However, it may worsen the situation in people with dementia, as it impairs orientation and general functioning. So, a person with dementia and severe cataract may see an improvement in functioning if the vision is improved. ...Read more
Does sodium negatively impact adhd? Do people with ADHD have trouble balancing sodium and potassium?
Na/K ATPase: Methylphenidate may increase the activity of sodium (na)/potassium (k) atpase. http://tinyurl.com/lpv4dtt normally cells (including neurons) keep high concentrations of k inside, and na outside. Na/k atpase is an enzyme that maintains this pump, & the resting potential of the cell. This doesn't automatically mean adhd patients have problems with na or k though. Much more work to be done, yet. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Ginkgo biloba, derived from the leaves of the Ginkgo biloba tree, is often touted as a memory aid: But it appears unlikely that Ginkgo biloba can prevent age-related memory problems or memory loss associated with mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. A number of small, early studies showed modest improvements in cognitive function for older adults with dementia. However, a number of larger studies haven't been able to confirm that Ginkgo biloba prevents memory loss or slows the progression of cognitive decline or Alzheimer's disease in older adults. Although several more-recent studies have found slight improvements in cognitive function for people taking Ginkgo biloba, most experts feel that Ginkgo biloba hasn't lived up to its early promise and don't recommend its use as a memory aid. ...Read more
Could the use of audio therapy(brainwave entrainment,isochronic tones) help to improve memory and concentration in adults with attention deficit?
No: No research has supported the efficacy of these treatments for ADHD. The best therapy for ADHD is an appropriate medication and cognitive behavioral therapy for support. Good reliable sources of information for parents with kids with ADHD (or other issues) are the AAP parent site: healthychildren.org and the Nemours site: kidshealth.org. Best of luck! ...Read more
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